Warding off attack by pathogens, herbivores and parasitic plants
1. Edition October 2010
2010. 248 Pages, Softcover
ISBN 978-1-4051-7589-0 - John Wiley & Sons
E-Books are also available on all known E-Book shops.
Plants are sources of nourishment for thousands of fungi, bacteria, invertebrates, vertebrates, and other plants. Plants possess a truly remarkable diversity of mechanisms to fend off attackers and recent research has shown just how complex and sophisticated these defense mechanisms can be.
Plant Defense provides comprehensive coverage of the range of different organisms that plants need to fend off, describes how plants coordinate their defenses against multiple attacks, explains the evolution of defense in plants, and how plant defences are exploited in crop protection strategies.
* Covers plants' defenses against pathogens, pests, and parasitic plants: together in one book
* Brings together succinct, cutting edge information in a user-friendly format
* Gives an understanding of how plants ward off attacks from multiple enemies
* Is written by Dale Walters, an internationally known and respected researcher and teacher in crop protection, who distils his wealth of knowledge in a novel and exciting way
* Is an essential purchase for all those involved in plant protection around the globe
Plant Defense is primarily designed for use by upper undergraduates and post graduates studying crop protection, agricultural sciences, applied entomology, plant pathology, and plant sciences. Biological and agricultural research scientists in the agrochemical and crop protection industries, and in academia, will find much of great use in this excellent new book. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where agricultural and biological sciences are studied and taught should have multiple copies of this very valuable book on their shelves.
From the contents
1. Introduction - why do plants need defences?.
Plants as food sources for pathogens, parasites, invertebrate and vertebrate herbivores and parasitic plants; impact of infection and herbivory on plant fitness in natural environments and plant growth and yield in agricultural/horticultural situations; economic and ecological impact of infection and herbivory..
2. What defences do plants use?.
Defence mechanisms used by plants against pathogens, invertebrate and vertebrate herbivores and parasitic plants; structural and chemical defences; constitutive and inducible defences..
3. Sounding the alarm: signalling and communication in plant defence.
How do plants 'sense' attack by pathogens and pests i.e. initial encounters on the plant surface; signalling processes locally (within the attacked tissue) and systemically (in other parts of the plant); plant to plant communication during attack - signals used to alert neighbouring plants..
4. Plant defence in the real world: multiple attackers and beneficial interactions.
Co-ordinating plant defence responses to simultaneous, multiple attack e.g. by pathogens and pests; cross-talk in plant defence; trade-offs associated with plant defence I - e.g. effects of triggering pathogen defence on defence against insects; trade-offs associated with plant defence II- impact on beneficial interactions e.g. mycorrhizas, nitrogen fixing symbioses..
5. The cost of plant defence.
What does defence cost the plant in terms of energy and resources; allocation costs; theories of plant defence; evolution of plant defences - constitutive vs induced; effects of environment and crop ecology on the expression of plant defences..
6. Exploiting plant defence.
Use of varieties of plants bred for pathogen and/or pest resistance; transgenic plants modified with respect to plant defence; induced resistance for protecting crops against pests and diseases..
In the various chapters, 'boxed readings' will be used to highlight and discuss new developments and controversial issues in plant defence. Suggested further reading at the end of each chapter will allow students to delve more deeply into the material covered in the chapter and the issues discussed in 'boxed readings'..