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Herbicides and Plant Physiology

Cobb, Andrew H.

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3. Auflage Februar 2022
400 Seiten, Softcover
Lehrbuch

ISBN: 978-1-119-15769-4
John Wiley & Sons

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HERBICIDES AND PLANT PHYSIOLOGY

Discover the latest developments in herbicide and weed biology

In the newly revised Third Edition of Herbicides and Plant Physiology, distinguished researcher Professor Dr. Andrew H. Cobb delivers an insightful and comprehensive examination of the interaction between herbicides and plant physiology. The book discusses many of the advances in plant physiology, utilizing data from the Arabidopsis genome, and gene editing techniques that have occurred in the last dozen years.

This latest edition includes a variety of new and recent references addressing the latest developments in plant research. In addition to a complete introduction to weed biology, the book discusses the modern plant protection industry and the processes by which herbicides are discovered and developed.

Readers will find discussions of new targets for the future development of new herbicides, as well as the mechanisms by which modern herbicides interact with plants and achieve their weed control objectives.

The book also offers:
* Thorough introductions to weed biology, the modern plant protection products industry, and how herbicides are discovered and developed
* Comprehensive explorations of how herbicides gain entry into the plant and move to their sites of action, as well as the basis of herbicide selectivity
* Practical discussions of how herbicides interact with the major physiological processes in plants and accomplish weed control, including the inhibition of photosynthesis, pigment biosynthesis, and more
* Reviews recent developments following the use of genetically modified-herbicide resistant crops

Perfect for plant biologists and agricultural scientists, this latest edition of Herbicides and Plant Physiology is an indispensable resource for anyone seeking a comprehensive and robust treatment of the latest advances in plant physiology and herbicide action.

Preface

1. An Introduction to Weed Biology

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Distribution

1.3 The importance of weeds

1.4 Problems caused by weeds

1.5 Biology of weeds

1.6 A few examples of problem weeds

1.7 Positive attributes of weeds

1.8 The ever-changing weed spectrum

1.9 Weed Control

References
2. Herbicide Discovery and Development

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Markets

2.3 Prospects

2.4 Environmental impact and relative toxicology

2.5 Chemophobia

2.6 The search for novel active ingredients

2.7 The search for novel target sites

2.8 Mode of action studies

2.9 The role of natural chemistry

2.10 Recent developments

2.11 A lower limit for rates of herbicide application

References
3. Herbicide Uptake and Movement

3.1 Introduction

3.2 The cuticle as a barrier to foliar uptake

3.3 Physico-chemical aspects of foliar uptake

3.4 Herbicide formulation

3.5 Uptake by roots from soil

3.6 Herbicide translocation from roots to shoots

3.7 A case study: The formulation of acids

3.8 The formulation of glyphosate

3.9 Further developments

References
4. Herbicide Selectivity and Metabolism

4.1 Introduction

4.2 General principles

4.3 Herbicide safeners and synergists

References
5. Herbicides That Inhibit Photosynthesis

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Photosystems

5.3 Inhibition at Photosystem II

5.4 Photodamage and repair of Photosystem II

5.5 Structures and uses of Photosystem II inhibitors

5.6 Interference with electron flow at Photosystem I

5.7 RuBisCO activase

5.8 How treated plants die

5.9 Chlorophyll fluorescence

5.10 Inhibition of photosynthetic carbon reduction in C4 plants

References
6. Inhibition of Pigment Biosynthesis

6.1 Introduction: Structures and functions of photosynthetic pigments

6.2 Inhibition of chlorophyll biosynthesis

6.3 Inhibition of carotenoid biosynthesis

6.4 Inhibition of plastoquinone biosynthesis

6.5 How treated plants die

6.6 Selectivity and metabolism

6.7 Summary

References
7. Auxin-Type Herbicides

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Structure and uses of auxin-type herbicides

7.3 Auxin, a natural plant growth regulator

7.4 Biosynthesis and metabolism of auxins

7.5 Auxin receptors, gene expression and herbicides

7.6 Signal transduction

7.7 Auxin transport

7.8 Resistance to auxin-type herbicides

7.9 An "auxin overdose"

7.10 How treated plants die

7.11 Selectivity and metabolism

References
8. Inhibitors of Lipid Biosynthesis

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Structures and uses of graminicides

8.3 Inhibition of lipid biosynthesis

8.4 Activity of graminicides in mixtures

8.5 How treated plants die

8.6 Plant oxylipins: Lipids with key roles in plant defence and development

8.7 Selectivity

References
9. Inhibition of Amino Acid Biosynthesis

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Overview of amino acid biosynthesis in plants

9.3 Inhibition of glutamine synthetase

9.4 Inhibition of aromatic amino acid biosynthesis

9.5 Inhibition of branch-chain amino acid biosynthesis

9.6 Inhibition of histidine biosynthesis

References
10. Disruption of the Plant Cell Cycle

10.1 Introduction

10.2 The plant cell cycle

10.3 Control of the plant cell cycle

10.4 Microtubule structure and function

10.5 Herbicidal interference with microtubules

10.6 Selectivity

References
11. The Inhibition of Cellulose Biosynthesis

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Cellulose biosynthesis

11.3 Cellulose biosynthesis inhibitors

11.4 How treated plants die

11.5 Selectivity

References
12. Plant kinases, phosphatases and Stress Signalling

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Plant kinases

12.3 Plant phosphatases

12.4 Cyclin-dependent kinases and plant stress

12.5 Post-translational modification of proteins

References
13. Herbicide Resistance

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Definition of herbicide resistance

13.3 How herbicide resistance occurs

13.4 A chronology of herbicide resistance

13.5 Mechanisms of resistance

13.6 Case Study: Blackgrass (Alopecurus myosuroides Huds)

13.7 Strategies for the control of herbicide-resistant weeds

13.8 The future development of herbicide-resistance

References
14. Herbicide-Tolerant Crops

14.1 Introduction

14.2 History of genetically-modified, herbicide-tolerant crops

14.3 How genetically-modified crops are produced

14.4 Genetically engineered herbicide-tolerance to glyphosate

14.5 Genetically-modified herbicide-tolerance to glufosinate

14.6 Genetically-modified herbicide-tolerance to bromoxynil

14.7 Genetically-modified herbicide-tolerance to sulphonylureas

14.8 Genetically-modified herbicide-tolerance to 2,4-D

14.9 Genetically-modified herbicide-tolerance to fops and dims

14.10 Genetically-modified herbicide -tolerance to phytoene desaturase inhibitors

14.11 Herbicide-tolerance due to engineering of enhanced metabolism

14.12 Herbicide-tolerance through means other than genetic modification

14.13 Gene editing

14.14 Economic, environmental and human health benefits from the adoption of GM technology

14.15 Gene stacking

14.16 Will the rise of glyphosate be inevitably followed by a fall?

14.17 Why is there so much opposition to GM technology?

14.18 Future prospects

References
15. Further Targets For Herbicide Development

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Protein turnover

15.3 The promotion of ageing in weeds?

15.4 Herbicide leads at the apicoplast

15.5 Control of seed germination and dormancy

15.6 Natural products as leads for new herbicides

References

Glossary

Index
Andrew H. Cobb, Formerly Emeritus Professor of Plant Science, Dean of Academic Affairs and Director of Research at Harper Adams University, Shropshire, UK.

A. H. Cobb, Harper Adams University College