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The Science Teacher's Toolbox

Hundreds of Practical Ideas to Support Your Students

Dale, Tara C. / White, Mandi S.

The Teacher's Toolbox Series


1. Auflage Juli 2020
592 Seiten, Softcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-119-57010-3
John Wiley & Sons

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A winning educational formula of engaging lessons and powerful strategies for science teachers in numerous classroom settings

The Teacher's Toolbox series is an innovative, research-based resource providing teachers with instructional strategies for students of all levels and abilities. Each book in the collection focuses on a specific content area. Clear, concise guidance enables teachers to quickly integrate low-prep, high-value lessons and strategies in their middle school and high school classrooms. Every strategy follows a practical, how-to format established by the series editors.

The Science Teacher's Toolbox is a classroom-tested resource offering hundreds of accessible, student-friendly lessons and strategies that can be implemented in a variety of educational settings. Concise chapters fully explain the research basis, necessary technology, Next Generation Science Standards correlation, and implementation of each lesson and strategy.

Favoring a hands-on approach, this bookprovides step-by-step instructions that help teachers to apply their new skills and knowledge in their classrooms immediately. Lessons cover topics such as setting up labs, conducting experiments, using graphs, analyzing data, writing lab reports, incorporating technology, assessing student learning, teaching all-ability students, and much more. This book enables science teachers to:
* Understand how each strategy works in the classroom and avoid common mistakes
* Promote culturally responsive classrooms
* Activate and enhance prior knowledge
* Bring fresh and engaging activities into the classroom and the science lab

Written by respected authors and educators, The Science Teacher's Toolbox: Hundreds of Practical Ideas to Support Your Students is an invaluable aid for upper elementary, middle school, and high school science educators as well those in teacher education programs and staff development professionals.

About the Authors xxv

About the Editors of the Toolbox Series xxvii

Acknowledgments xxix

Letter from the Editors xxxi

Introduction xxxiii

I Science Labs 1

1. Strategies for Teaching Lab Safety 3

What is It? 3

Why We Like It 3

Supporting Research 3

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Standards 4

Application 4

Student Handouts and Examples 7

What Could Go Wrong? 7

Technology Connections 8

Attribution 8

Figures 8

Figure 1.1 Science Safety Contract English (Student Handout) 8

Figure 1.2 Science Safety Contract Spanish (Student Handout) 11

Figure 1.3 Identifying Broken Lab Safety Rules (Student Handout) 13

Figure 1.4 Identifying Broken Lab Safety Rules--Answer Key 14

Figure 1.5 Science Lab Safety Quiz (Student Handout) 15

2. Strategies for Teaching Lab Procedures 17

What is It? 17

Why We Like It 17

Supporting Research 18

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Standards 18

Application 18

Student Handouts and Examples 29

What Could Go Wrong? 29

Technology Connections 30

Attributions 30

Figures 31

Figure 2.1 Folder Activity--Outside and Inside--Thermal Power Plant 31

3. Strategies for Teaching the Scientific Method and Its Components 33

What is It? 33

Why We Like It 34

Supporting Research 34

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 35

Application 35

Student Handouts and Examples 50

What Could Go Wrong? 50

Technology Connections 52

Figures 54

Figure 3.1 Student Research Organizer (Student Handout) 54

Figure 3.2 Identifying Independent and Dependent Variables (Student Handout) 55

Figure 3.3 Identifying Independent and Dependent Variables--Answer Key 58

Figure 3.4 How to Write a Hypothesis (Student Handout) 61

Figure 3.5 How to Write a Hypothesis--Answer Key 64

Figure 3.6 Student Materials List (Student Handout) 67

Figure 3.7 Finding Controls and Making Data Tables (Student Handout) 68

Figure 3.8 Finding Controls and Making Data Tables--Answer Key 70

Figure 3.9 Example and Checklist--Making Graphs (Student Handout) 73

Figure 3.10 Discussion of Results (Student Handout) 74

Figure 3.11 Conclusion (Student Handout) 76

Figure 3.12 Discussion of Results and Conclusion Modified Version (Student Handout) 78

Figure 3.13 Scientific Method Pretest Stations 80

Figure 3.14 Scientific Method Pretest--Student Answer Sheet (Student Handout) 82

Figure 3.15 Scientific Method Pretest--Answer Key 84

4. Strategies for Teaching the Inquiry Process 87

What is It? 87

Why We Like It 88

Supporting Research 89

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 89

Application 89

Student Handouts and Examples 99

What Could Go Wrong? 99

Technology Connections 100

Attributions 100

Figures 102

Figure 4.1 Quantitative vs. Qualitative Examples (Student Handout) 102

Figure 4.2 Quantitative vs. Qualitative Examples--Answer Key 103

Figure 4.3 Observing with Quantitative and Qualitative Data (Student Handout) 104

Figure 4.4 Observing with Quantitative and Qualitative Data--Answer Key 105

Figure 4.5 Owl Pellet Step-by-Step Procedures and Questions (Student Handout) 106

Figure 4.6 Question Stems for Observers (Student Handout) 108

Figure 4.7 Discussion of Results and Conclusion (Student Handout) 109

Figure 4.8 Using the Inquiry Process (Student Handout) 111

Figure 4.9 Checklist for Verifying Online Resources (Student Handout) 113

5. Strategies for Using Project-Based Learning 115

What is It? 115

Why We Like It 115

Supporting Research 116

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 116

Application 117

Student Handouts and Examples 126

What Could Go Wrong? 127

Technology Connections 127

Attributions 128

Figures 128

Figure 5.1 Example of Project-Based Learning Task Manager--Carbon Footprint of a Restaurant (Student Handout) 128

Figure 5.2 Blank Project-Based Learning Task Manager (Student Handout) 129

Figure 5.3 Example of PBL Scoring Guide--Restaurant Project (Student Handout) 130

Figure 5.4 Example of PBL Rubric--Location of the Next Wind Farm in the United States (Student Handout) 131

Figure 5.5 Peer Presentation Evaluation (Student Handout) 132

6. Strategies for Teaching the Engineering Process 133

What is It? 133

Why We Like It 135

Supporting Research 135

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 136

Application 136

Student Handouts and Examples 149

What Could Go Wrong? 149

Technology Connections 150

Attributions 152

Figures 153

Figure 6.1 Student Examples of Mousetrap Catapult Designs 153

Figure 6.2 Mousetrap Catapult Lab Worksheet (Student Handout) 154

Figure 6.3 Mousetrap Catapult Picture 155

Figure 6.4 Mousetrap Catapult Rubric (Student Handout) 156

Figure 6.5 Mousetrap Catapult Sentence Frames (Student Handout) 157

II Integration of ELA, Mathematics, and the Arts 159

7. Strategies for Teaching Vocabulary 161

What is It? 161

Why We Like It 161

Supporting Research 162

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Standards 162

Application 162

Student Handouts and Examples 170

What Could Go Wrong? 171

Technology Connections 171

Attributions 171

Figures 172

Figure 7.1 The Language of Introductory Ecology (Student Handout) 172

Figure 7.2 Vocabulary Definition Worksheet (Student Handout) 174

Figure 7.3 Word Wall Challenge Rubric (Student Handout) 175

Figure 7.4 Word Wall Examples (Student Examples) 176

Figure 7.5 Limiting Factors: Interactive Fast Facts (Student Handout) 177

Figure 7.6 Limiting Factors: Interactive Fast Facts--Answer Key 179

8. Strategies for Teaching Reading Comprehension 181

What is It? 181

Why We Like It 181

Supporting Research 181

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Standards 182

Application 182

Student Handouts and Examples 192

What Could Go Wrong? 193

Technology Connections 193

Attributions 193

Figures 194

Figure 8.1 Annotations 194

Figure 8.2 Annotations Model Think Aloud Example (Teacher Model) 194

Figure 8.3 Example of a Text-Dependent Question and Answer (Student Example) 195

Figure 8.4 Photochemical and Industrial Smog Venn Diagram (Student Example) 195

Figure 8.5 Cultural Eutrophication Cause and Effect (Teacher Model) 196

Figure 8.6 Water Cycle Concept Map (Student Example) 197

Figure 8.7 Carbon Cycle Story (student handout) 198

Figure 8.8 Example of the Carbon Cycle (Student Example) 199

Figure 8.9 Hints for Drawing the Atmospheric Layers--High School (Student Handout) 200

Figure 8.10 Drawing the Atmospheric Layers--Elementary and Junior High School 201

Figure 8.11 Drawing the Atmospheric Layers--Answer Key 202

Figure 8.12 4 × 4 (Student Example) 203

Figure 8.13 Jigsaw Directions 203

9. Strategies for Teaching Writing 205

What is It? 205

Why We Like It 205

Supporting Research 206

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 206

Application 206

Student Handouts and Examples 220

What Could Go Wrong? 220

Technology Connections 221

Attributions 222

Figures 223

Figure 9.1 Severe Weather Book Project Research (Student Handout) 223

Figure 9.2 Severe Weather Book Project Scoring Guide (Student Handout) 224

Figure 9.3 Severe Weather Book Project Research Example 225

Figure 9.4 Plot Map Outline (Student Handout) 226

Figure 9.5 Severe Weather Book Plot Map Example 227

Figure 9.6 Comic Strip PSA Checklist (Student Handout) 228

Figure 9.7 Chicken Pox PSA Comic Strip (Student Example) 230

Figure 9.8 Asthma PSA Comic Strip (Student Example) 231

Figure 9.9 Ecology Essential Questions Argument Essay (Student Handout) 233

Figure 9.10 Argument Essay Organizer (Student Handout) 235

Figure 9.11 Ecology Example Argument Essay Organizer 236

Figure 9.12 Argument Essay Peer Editing Checklist (Student Handout) 237

10. Strategies for Discussions 239

What is It? 239

Why We Like It 239

Supporting Research 239

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 240

Application 240

Student Handouts and Examples 251

What Could Go Wrong? 251

Technology Connections 253

Figures 254

Figure 10.1 Discussion Ground Rules (Teacher Poster) 254

Figure 10.2 Group Discussion Ratings Scale 255

Figure 10.3 Socratic Seminar Participation Checklist (Student Handout) 256

11. Strategies for Teaching Math 257

What is It? 257

Why We Like It 258

Supporting Research 258

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 259

Application 259

Student Handouts and Examples 282

What Could Go Wrong? 283

Technology Connections 284

Figures 285

Figure 11.1 Bar Graph Example for Teaching Graphing to Fourth Grade Students (Student Handout) 285

Figure 11.2 Line Graph Example for Teaching Graphing to Fifth Grade and Beyond (Student Handout) 287

Figure 11.3 Example of Graphing Pretest (Student Handout) 289

Figure 11.4 Example of Graphing Pretest--Answer Key 290

Figure 11.5 Which Type of Graph Should I Use? (Student Handout) 291

Figure 11.6 Which Type of Graph Should I Use?--Answer Key 292

Figure 11.7 Temperature vs. Number of Escherichia coli Colonies 294

Figure 11.8 Year vs. Number of Deer and Wolves 295

Figure 11.9 Wildlife Strike Data Analysis and Interpretation (Student Handout) 295

Figure 11.10 Wildlife Strike Data Analysis and Interpretation--Answer Key 297

Figure 11.11 Dimensional Analysis Practice (Student Handout) 299

Figure 11.12 Dimensional Analysis Practice--Answer Key 301

Figure 11.13 Practice Measuring Your Friends and Their Things (Student Handout) 303

Figure 11.14 Practice Measuring Your Friends and Their Things--Answer Key 305

Figure 11.15 Metric System Ladder 307

Figure 11.16 Converting Within the Metric System (Student Handout) 308

Figure 11.17 Metric System Ladder and Abbreviations 309

Figure 11.18 Converting Within the Metric System--Answer Key 310

Figure 11.19 Metric System Measuring Challenge (Student Handout) 313

Figure 11.20 Example of 10 Items to be Measured 314

Figure 11.21 Metric System Measuring Challenge--Answer Key 315

Figure 11.22 Metric and Imperial System Internet Search Lab (Student Handout) 317

Figure 11.23 Metric and Imperial System Internet Search Lab--Answer Key 320

Figure 11.24 Excel--Selecting All Cells in a Spreadsheet 323

Figure 11.25 Excel--Pop-up Box 323

Figure 11.26 Excel--Rows vs. Columns 323

Figure 11.27 Celebrating Pi Day in the Sky (Student Handout) 324

Figure 11.28 Excel--Calculating Radius 325

Figure 11.29 Excel--Screenshots of Before and After Cell Fix 325

Figure 11.30 Excel--Screenshot of the Formula Bar 325

Figure 11.31 Excel--The Sun's Surface Area 325

Figure 11.32 Celebrating Pi Day in the Sky--Answer Key 326

Figure 11.33 Making Graphs in Excel (Student Handout) 327

Figure 11.34 Excel--Graph for Celebrating Pi Day in the Sky 329

12. Strategies for Incorporating the Arts and Kinesthetic Movement 331

What is It? 331

Why We Like It 331

Supporting Research 331

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 332

Application 332

Student Handouts and Examples 353

What Could Go Wrong? 353

Technology Connections 354

Attributions 355

Figures 356

Figure 12.1 Engineering Process: A Case Study in Inventions (Student Handout) 356

Figure 12.2 Rewriting a Song (Student Handout) 357

Figure 12.3 Example of the First Rewritten Stanza for Twinkle Twinkle Little Star 359

Figure 12.4 Rubric for Cell and Germ Theories Skit (Student Handout) 360

Figure 12.5 Timeline Graphic Organizer for the Cell and Germ Theories (Student Handout) 361

Figure 12.6 Timeline Graphic Organizer for the Cell and Germ Theories--Answer Key 362

Figure 12.7 Directions and Scoring Guide for Rube Goldberg Cartoon (Student Handout) 363

Figure 12.8 Picture of a Student's Constructed Rube Goldberg Machine 365

Figure 12.9 Dams! are They Constructive or Destructive? (Student Handout) 366

Figure 12.10 Meiosis vs. Mitosis Review (Student Handout) 368

III Additional Resources 371

13. Strategies for Activating Prior Knowledge 373

What is It? 373

Why We Like It 373

Supporting Research 373

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 374

Application 374

Student Handouts and Examples 386

What Could Go Wrong? 386

Technology Connections 387

Attributions 387

Figures 388

Figure 13.1 KWL Chart Example--States of Matter 388

Figure 13.2 Astronomy Anticipation Guide (Student Handout) 389

Figure 13.3 Blind Kahoot! Nervous System Notes (Student Handout) 390

Figure 13.4 Blind Kahoot! Teacher Notes--Nervous System 391

Figure 13.5 Altitude Pretest for Misconceptions (Student Handout) 392

Figure 13.6 Climate Change Pretest for Misconceptions (Student Handout) 393

14. Strategies for Cultural Responsiveness 395

What is It? 395

Why We Like It 396

Supporting Research 396

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 397

Application 397

Student Handouts and Examples 415

What Could Go Wrong? 415

Technology Connections 415

Attributions 417

Figures 418

Figure 14.1 All About Me! Form (Student Handout) 418

Figure 14.2 First Day of School Student Survey (Student Handout) 419

Figure 14.3 High School Student Survey (Student Handout) 420

Figure 14.4 Contributors to Science (Student Handout) 421

Figure 14.5 13 Culturally Responsive Teaching Ideas 422

15. Strategies for the Beginning and Ending of Class 423

What is it?.423

Why We Like It 423

Supporting Research 424

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 424

Application 424

Student Handouts and Examples 433

What Could Go Wrong? 433

Technology Connections 433

Figures 434

Figure 15.1 is Water Wet? 434

Figure 15.2 Reviewing Previous Material 434

16. Strategies for Reviewing Content 435

What is It? 435

Why We Like It 435

Supporting Research 436

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 436

Application 436

Student Handouts and Examples 448

What Could Go Wrong? 448

Technology Connections 449

Figures 450

Figure 16.1 Blank BINGO Card (Student Handout) 450

Figure 16.2 are the Winners Losers? Game Cards 451

17. Strategies for Assessing Student Learning 453

What is It?.453

Why We Like It 454

Supporting Research 455

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 455

Application 456

Student Handouts and Examples 479

What Could Go Wrong? 479

Technology Connections 480

Attributions 481

Figures 482

Figure 17.1 Final Day Cool Down Activity 482

Figure 17.2 Example Scale 482

Figure 17.3 Example of a Unit's First Practice Test 483

Figure 17.4 Reflecting on My Learning--Blank (Student Handout) 484

Figure 17.5 Reflecting on My Learning--Completed Example 486

Figure 17.6 Toxicology Unit Thinking Test (Student Handout) 487

Figure 17.7 Toxicology Unit Thinking Test--Answer Key 490

Figure 17.8 Student-Choice Performance-Based Assessment (Student Handout) 493

Figure 17.9 Cell City Models--Student Examples 494

Figure 17.10 Checklist for Cell City Models (Student Handout) 497

Figure 17.11 Toxicology Unit Thinking Test Modified (Student Handout) 498

18. Strategies for Co-Teaching 501

What is It? 501

Why We Like It 501

Supporting Research 502

Skills for Intentional Scholars/NGSS Connections 502

Application 502

What Could Go Wrong? 508

Technology Connections 508

References 509

Index 531
"If you are a science teacher or homeschool parent looking for a simplified yet engaging approach to teaching science, this book provides a perfect guide to help students experience (not just learn about) science. This organized, research-based resource fits the title of a "toolbox." It can help anyone from the novice to veteran teacher plan and deliver lessons that will excite students about concepts in science (aligned to the Next Generation Science Standards)."
--Dr. Amanda McAdams, Director of Curriculum in Wyoming's Lincoln County School District #2, 2010 Arizona Teacher of the Year

"This book contains valuable strategies for both new and veteran teachers. It is an organized and interesting compilation of ready to use tools that will engage students at all levels."
--Robin Norwich, NBCT, Math and Physics teacher, 2019 recipient of the Sloan Award for Excellence in Teaching Science and Mathematics

"This book is a comprehensive collection of creative lesson plan strategies with detailed references and supplementary resources cited. Also, Part III provides many general strategies for effective teaching. Clearly written in both content and organization, it provides specific and detailed concrete examples for putting into practice the authors' Introduction: 'Not having heard something is not as good as having heard it, having heard it is not as good as having seen it, having seen it is not as good as knowing it, knowing it is not as good as putting it into practice'--attributed to Chinese Philosopher Xun Kuang.

I recommend it to any science teacher, and especially those new to teaching science or with minimal scientific knowledge. I think, with this book, even I, an engineer, could teach a quality science course."
--Jon S. Wilson, BSME, MAE, MSIE; 25+ years practicing engineer and 25+ years training practicing engineers

"As a teacher, I have often heard professionals discuss the importance of "soft skills" our students require upon graduation. The ideas in The Science Teacher's Toolbox successfully describe solid strategies for teachers to utilize in their classrooms to get kids experiencing science, producing thinking, problem-solving citizens that the world will need."
--Connie Kennedy, K-12 Mathematics & Science Instructional Support Specialist, Bay City Public Schools

"As a science teacher of nearly 20 years, I found the information laid out in The Science Teacher's Toolbox extremely valuable. I believe that new teachers would benefit immensely from reading this book, as well as veteran teachers. Over the years I have found that students struggle with the ability to extract the important elements from scientific text as well as how to think critically. This book provides strategies that help students to improve these skills. In addition, as a veteran teacher, I found the information the authors outlined in relation to learning goals and scales invaluable. Using learning goals and scales helps identify the essential elements of what you want your students to know and helps teachers to identify students who need interventions but the most important element of this is that it helps students reflect on their own learning. The strategies found in this book changed the way I teach and can do the same for you, which ultimately impacts student learning, the ultimate goal of a master teacher."
--Jami Spencer, biology teacher and science department chair, Cottonwood High School, Utah

"As a principal who has worked in K-12 settings for 15 years, I find this book to be remarkably useful. It's application for effectively differentiating science instruction and for developing critical thinking skills in students is far reaching. Any educator will find this resource to be valuable for improving his or her craft."
--Mike Deignan, Principal, Desert Vista High School

"I love the book and how easy it is to follow. It gives excellent suggestions and examples on how to implement them, with step-by-step instructions and visuals."
--Amy Rankey, 5th Grade Teacher, Hampton Elementary School
TARA C. DALE is a National Board Certified Teacher (NBCT), currently teaching high school science and working as an instructional coach. She has taught middle school Science and Social Studies as well as Biology, Ecology, Earth Science, AP Psychology, and AP Environmental Science. She sits on the Board of Directors for the Arizona NBCT Network and is on the Superintendent Teacher Advisor Team for Maricopa County, Arizona. Tara has facilitated professional development classes and presented at conferences throughout the United States.

MANDI S. WHITE is currently an academic and behavior specialist at Kyrene del Pueblo Middle School in Chandler, Arizona. She has worked as a middle school special education resource teacher and has taught English, Social Studies, and Math. She holds Master's Degrees in Special Education and Educational Leadership, as well as a graduate certificate in Positive Behavior Support. Also, she has helped facilitate professional development for educators in Arizona.

LARRY FERLAZZO teaches English, Social Studies, and International Baccalaureate classes to English language learners and others at Luther Burbank High School in Sacramento, California. He is the author and co-author of nine books, including The ELL Teacher's Toolbox, and writes a weekly teacher advice column for Education Week Teacher. He is the recipient of the Ford Foundation's Leadership for a Changing World Award and winner of the International Reading Association Award for Technology and Reading.

KATIE HULL SYPNIESKI has taught English language learners and others at the secondary level for over twenty years. She teaches middle school English Language Arts and Social Studies at Fern Bacon Middle School in Sacramento, California, and leads professional development for educators as a consultant with the Area 3 Writing Project at the University of California, Davis. She is co-author of several books, including The ELL Teacher's Toolbox.