John Wiley & Sons Advanced Laser Surgery in Dentistry Cover Advanced Laser Surgery in Dentistry delivers a state-of-the-art reference for laser technology in th.. Product #: 978-1-119-58330-1 Regular price: $172.90 $172.90 Auf Lager

Advanced Laser Surgery in Dentistry

Romanos, Georgios E.

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1. Auflage April 2021
256 Seiten, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-119-58330-1
John Wiley & Sons

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Advanced Laser Surgery in Dentistry delivers a state-of-the-art reference for laser technology in the context of a dental practice. The book encompasses oral surgery, periodontology, and implant dentistry, covering the latest research, knowledge, and clinical practices. The author demonstrates the clinical relevance by including many real-world clinical cases that illustrate the application of the discussed techniques.

The book includes high-quality, color photographs throughout to support the text and add visual information to the covered topics, which include wound healing, oral surgery, periodontology, implant dentistry, and laser fundamentals and safety considerations. Advanced Laser Surgery in Dentistry provides readers with a step-by-step guide for using lasers in dental practice and discusses likely new directions and possible future treatments in the rapidly advancing field of laser dentistry. Readers will also benefit from a wide variety of subjects, including:
* A thorough introduction to the fundamentals of lasers, including the beam, the laser cavity, active mediums, lenses, resonators, and delivery systems
* An exploration of lasers and wound healing, including soft tissue and bone healing, as well as laser-assisted excisions and osteotomies
* An analysis of lasers in periodontology, including laser-assisted bacteria reduction in the periodontal tissues and the removal of subgingival dental calculus
* A discussion of lasers in implant dentistry and treatment for peri-implantitis

Perfect for oral and maxillofacial surgeons, periodontists, and implant dentists, as well as general dentists, Advanced Laser Surgery in Dentistry will also earn a place in the libraries of dental students and residents seeking to improve their understanding of laser-based oral and dental procedures with a carefully organized reference guide.

About the Author xi

List of Contributors xiii

Preface xv

Acknowledgement xvii

1 Laser Fundamental Principles 1
Georgios E. Romanos

1.1 Historical Background 3

1.2 Energy Levels and Stimulated Emission 3

1.3 Properties of the Laser Light 3

1.4 The Laser Cavity 4

1.4.1 Active Medium 4

1.4.2 Pumping Mechanism 5

1.4.3 Lenses - Resonator 5

1.5 Laser Application Modes 5

1.5.1 Beam Profiles 7

1.6 Delivery Systems 7

1.6.1 Direct Coupling 7

1.6.2 Articulated Arms 7

1.6.3 Fiber Systems and Flexible Hollow Guides 8

1.7 Applicators 9

1.7.1 Handpieces 9

1.7.2 Fiber Applicators 10

1.8 Laser Types Based on the Active Medium 11

1.8.1 Gas Lasers 11

1.8.2 Crystal Lasers 14

1.8.3 Liquid (Dye) Lasers 17

1.8.4 Semiconductor (Diode) Lasers 17

1.8.5 New Developments in Laser Technology 19

1.8.6 Lasers for Research Applications 24

1.9 Laser and Biological Tissue Interactions 24

1.9.1 Photochemical Effects 27

1.9.2 Photothermal Effects 29

1.9.3 Ionizing or Nonlinear Effects 33

2 Lasers and Wound Healing 41
Georgios E. Romanos

2.1 Introduction 41

2.2 Wound Healing and Low Power Lasers 42

2.3 Wound Healing and High-Power Lasers 44

2.3.1 Wound Healing and CO2 Laser 44

2.3.2 Wound Healing and the Nd:YAG Laser 47

2.3.3 Wound Healing and Other Laser Wavelengths 50

2.4 Lasers and Bone Healing 51

3 Lasers in Oral Surgery 57
Georgios E. Romanos

3.1 Introduction 57

3.2 Basic Principles 57

3.3 Excision Biopsies 58

3.4 Removal of Benign Soft Tissue Tumors 59

3.4.1 Surgical Protocol for Removal of Small Tumors 59

3.4.2 Surgical Protocol for Removal of Larger Soft Tissue Tumors 62

3.5 Removal of Drug-Induced Gingival Hyperplasias and Epulides 80

3.5.1 Removal of Drug-Induced Gingival Hyperplasias 80

3.5.2 Removal of Epulides 81

3.6 Removal of Soft Tissue Cysts 83

3.7 Frenectomies and Vestibuloplasties 87

3.7.1 Frenectomies 87

3.7.2 Vestibuloplasties 92

3.8 Removal of Precancerous Lesions (Leukoplakia) 99

3.9 Surgical Removal of Malignant Soft Tissue Tumors 106

3.10 Laser Coagulation 106

3.11 Lasers in Vascular and Pigmented Lesions 107

3.11.1 Laser Types 107

3.11.2 Removal of Vascular Alterations with the "Ice Cube" Method 108

3.12 Exposure of Impacted, Unerupted Teeth 121

3.12.1 Exposure of an Unerupted Teeth for Orthodontic Reasons 122

3.13 Removal of Sialoliths Using the Laser 123

4 Lasers and Bone Surgery 129
Georgios E. Romanos

4.1 Introduction 129

4.2 CO2 Laser 129

4.3 Excimer Laser 130

4.4 Er:YAG and Ho:YAG Lasers 130

4.5 Laser Systems for Clinical Dentistry 131

5 Lasers in Periodontology 139
Georgios E. Romanos

5.1 Introduction 139

5.2 Laser-Assisted Bacteria Reduction in Periodontal Tissues 140

5.3 Removal of Subgingival Calculus 142

5.4 Removal of Pocket Epithelium 144

5.5 Retardation of the Epithelial Downgrowth 149

5.6 Laser Application in Gingivectomy and Gingivoplasty 152

5.7 Laser-Assisted Hemostasis in Periodontics 154

5.8 Photodynamic Therapy in Periodontology 156

5.9 Gingival Troughing for Prosthetic Restorations 165

5.10 Fractional Photothermolysis in Periodontology 165

5.11 Education and Future of Lasers in Periodontal Therapy 178

6 Lasers and Implants 185
Georgios E. Romanos

6.1 Introduction 185

6.2 Laser-Assisted Surgery Before Implant Placement and Implant Exposure 185

6.3 Laser Application During Function 187

6.4 Laser Applications in Peri-implantitis Treatment 188

6.5 Recent Laser Research on Implants 199

6.6 Implant Removal 204

6.7 Laser-Assisted Implant Placement 204

6.8 Future of Laser Dentistry in Oral Implantology 204

7 Photodynamic Therapy in Periodontal and Peri-Implant Treatment 209
Anton Sculean and Georgios E. Romanos

7.1 Biological Rationale 209

7.2 Use of PDT as an Alternative to Systemic or Local Antibiotics 211

7.3 Conclusions 212

8 Understanding Laser Safety in Dentistry 215
Vangie Dennis, Patti Owens and Georgios E. Romanos

8.1 Laser Safety 215

8.2 International Laser Standards 215

8.3 Regulatory Agencies and Nongovernmental Organizations 215

8.3.1 Food and Drug Administration 215

8.3.2 FDA Center for Devices and Radiological Health 216

8.3.3 American National Standards Institute 216

8.3.4 Occupational Safety and Health Administration 216

8.4 State Regulations 218

8.5 Nongovernmental Controls and Professional Organizations 218

8.5.1 American Society for Lasers in Medicine and Surgery 218

8.5.2 Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN) 218

8.6 The Joint Commission (TJC) 218

8.7 Standards and Practice 218

8.7.1 Laser Safety Officer 218

8.8 Hazard Evaluation and Control Measures 219

8.9 Administrative Controls 219

8.10 Procedural and Equipment Controls 219

8.11 Laser Treatment Controlled Area 220

8.12 Maintenance and Service 221

8.13 Beam Hazards 221

8.13.1 Eye Protection 221

8.13.2 Skin Protection 223

8.14 Laser Safety and Training Programs 223

8.15 Medical Surveillance 223

8.16 Nonbeam Hazards 223

8.17 Electrical Hazards 224

8.18 Smoke Plume 224

8.19 Fire and Explosion Hazards 224

8.20 Shared Airway Procedures 225

8.21 Conclusion 226

Appendix A: Suggested Reading 227

Appendix B: Physical Units, Laser Parameters, Physical Parameters, Important Formulas 229

Index 231
GEORGIOS E. ROMANOS, DDS, PhD, Prof. Dr. med. dent., Diplomate of the American Board of Periodontology, is tenured Professor in the Department of Periodontology and Director for LASER Education at the School of Dental Medicine in Stony Brook, New York, United States and Professor in the Department of Oral Surgery and Implant Dentistry and Board Certified Oral Surgeon at Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt, Germany.