John Wiley & Sons Reservoir Management Cover Reservoir management is fundamental to the efficient and responsible means of extracting hydrocarbon.. Product #: 978-1-119-61936-9 Regular price: $114.02 $114.02 Auf Lager

Reservoir Management

A Practical Guide

Cannon, Steve

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1. Auflage Februar 2021
288 Seiten, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-119-61936-9
John Wiley & Sons

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Reservoir management is fundamental to the efficient and responsible means of extracting hydrocarbons, and maximising the economic benefit to the operator, licence holders and central government. All stakeholders have a social responsibility to protect the local population and environment. The process of managing an oil or gas reservoir begins after discovery and continues through appraisal, development, production and abandonment; there is cost associated with each phase and a series of decision gates should be in place to ensure that an economic benefit exists before progress is made. To correctly establish potential value at each stage it is necessary to acquire and analyse data from the subsurface, the planned surface facilities and the contractual obligations to the end-user of the hydrocarbons produced. This is especially true of any improved recovery methods proposed or plans to extend field life. To achieve all the above requires a multi-skilled team of professionals working together with a clear set of objectives and associated rewards. The team's make-up will change over time, as different skills are required, as will the management of the team, with geoscientists, engineers and commercial analysts needed to address the issues as they arise.

This book is designed as a guide for non-specialists involved in the process of reservoir management, which is often treated as a task for reservoir engineers alone: it is a task for all the disciplines involved in turning a exploration success into a commercial asset. Most explorers earn their bonus based on the initial estimates of in-place hydrocarbons, regardless of the ultimate cost of production; the explorers have usually moved on to a new basin before the first oil or gas is produced! This book is not a deeply academic tome, rather the description of a process enlivened by a number of stories and case studies from the author's forty years of experience in the oil-patch.

1 INTRODUCTION 5

1.1 THE BASICS 6

1.2 FIELD APPRAISAL 6

1.3 VOLUMETRICS 8

1.4 DRIVE MECHANISM 8

1.5 FIELD DEVELOPMENT 9

1.6 RESERVOIR SIMULATION 10

1.7 FIELD PRODUCTION 10

1.8 IMPROVED HYDROCARBON RECOVERY 11

1.9 CESSATION OF PRODUCTION: FIELD ABANDONMENT 12

1.10 SUMMARY 12

2. RESERVOIR MANAGEMENT PROCESS 13

2.1 FIELD APPRAISAL 13

2.2 FIELD DEVELOPMENT 15

2.3 FIELD PRODUCTION 19

2.4 AN INTEGRATED TEAM STRUCTURE FOR RESERVOIR MANAGEMENT 20

2.5 SUMMARY 22

3 RESERVOIR DESCRIPTION 23

3.1 MULTI-SCALE DATA 23

3.2 RESERVOIR STRUCTURE 24

3.3 RESERVOIR FRAMEWORK 26

3.4 DEPOSITIONAL ENVIRONMENT 27

3.5 STATIC RESERVOIR PROPERTIES 27

3.6 DYNAMIC RESERVOIR PROPERTIES 30

3.7 RESERVOIR HYDROCARBON FLUIDS 33

3.8 SUMMARY 35

4 BUILDING AN INTEGRATED RESERVOIR MODEL 36

4.1 SIMULATION MODEL DESIGN 37

4.2 DESIGNING THE MODELLING GRID 39

4.3 FACIES MODELLING 46

4.4 PROPERTY MODELLING 51

4.5 UPSCALING 56

4.6 MODEL ANALYSIS AND UNCERTAINTY 57

4.7 SUMMARY 57

5 PERFORMANCE, MONITORING AND FORECASTING 58

5.1 NATURAL DRIVE MECHANISMS 58

5.2 RESERVOIR MONITORING 60

5.3 PRODUCTION SYSTEM 61

5. 4 RESOURCE AND RESERVES ESTIMATION 63

5.5 PETROLEUM RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (PRMS) 67

5.6 SUMMARY 69

6 IMPROVING HYDROCARBON RECOVERY 70

6.1 PRIMARY RECOVERY 71

6.2 SECONDARY RECOVERY 72

6.3 TERTIARY OIL RECOVERY 75

SUMMARY 77

7 DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS 79

7.1 KEY ECONOMIC CRITERIA 79

7.2 RISK AND UNCERTAINTY 82

7.3 SUMMARY 85

8 TALES OF THE UNEXPECTED 86

APPENDIX 1 - GUIDE TO RESERVOIR SIMULATION 101 Index
Steve Cannon is a geologist by profession, a petrophysicist by inclination and a reservoir modeller by design. He worked as a geologist and petrophysicist in all sectors of the oil and gas industry including government, oil companies, and the service sector. Cannon is an Honorary Member of the Petroleum Exploration Society of Great Britain and a Past-President of the London Petrophysical Society.