John Wiley & Sons Design of Highway Bridges Cover The latest in bridge design and analysis--revised to reflect the eighth edition of the AASHTO LRFD s.. Product #: 978-1-119-64629-7 Regular price: $167.29 $167.29 Auf Lager

Design of Highway Bridges

An LRFD Approach

Barker, Richard M. / Puckett, Jay A.

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4. Auflage Juni 2021
560 Seiten, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-119-64629-7
John Wiley & Sons

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The latest in bridge design and analysis--revised to reflect the eighth edition of the AASHTO LRFD specifications

Design of Highway Bridges: An LRFD Approach, 4th Edition, offers up-to-date coverage of engineering fundamentals for the design of short- and medium-span bridges. Fully updated to incorporate the 8th Edition of the AASHTO Load and Resistance Factor Design Specifications, this invaluable resource offers civil engineering students and practitioners a a comprehensive introduction to the latest construction methods and materials in bridge design, including Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC), ultra high-performance concrete (UHPC), and Practical 3D Rigorous Analysis. This updated Fourth Edition offers:
* Dozens of end-of-chapter worked problems and design examples based on the latest AASHTO LRFD Specifications.
* Access to a Solutions Manual and multiple bridge plans including cast-in-place, precast concrete, and steel multi-span available on the Instructor's companion website

From gaining base knowledge of the AASHTO LRFD specifications to detailed guidance on highway bridge design, Design of Highway Bridges is the one-stop reference for civil engineering students and a key study resource for those seeking engineering licensure through the Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE) exam.

PART I GENERAL ASPECTS OF BRIDGE DESIGN

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO BRIDGE ENGINEERING

1.1 A Bridge Is the Key Element in a Transportation System

1.2 Bridge Engineering in the United States

1.2.1 Stone Arch Bridges

1.2.2 Wooden Bridges

1.2.3 Metal Truss Bridges

1.2.4 Suspension Bridges

1.2.5 Metal Arch Bridges

1.2.6 Reinforced Concrete Bridges

1.2.7 Girder Bridges

1.2.8 Closing Remarks

1.3 Bridge Engineer--Planner, Architect, Designer, Constructor, and Facility Manager

References

Problems

CHAPTER 2 SPECIFICATIONS AND BRIDGE FAILURES

2.1 Bridge Specifications

2.2 Implication of Bridge Failures on Practice

2.2.1 Silver Bridge, Point Pleasant, West Virginia, December 15, 1967

2.2.2 I-5 and I-210 Interchange, San Fernando, California, February 9, 1971

2.2.3 Sunshine Skyway, Tampa Bay, Florida, May 9, 1980

2.2.4 Mianus River Bridge, Greenwich, Connecticut, June 28, 1983

2.2.5 Schoharie Creek Bridge, Amsterdam, New York, April 5, 1987

2.2.6 Cypress Viaduct, Loma Prieta Earthquake, October 17, 1989

2.2.7 I-35W Bridge, Minneapolis, Minnesota, August 1, 2007

2.2.8 Failures During Construction

2.2.9 Failures Continue and Current Data

2.3 Evolving Bridge Engineering Practice

References

Problems

CHAPTER 3 BRIDGE AESTHETICS

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Nature of the Structural Design Process

3.2.1 Description and Justification

3.2.2 Public and Personal Knowledge

3.2.3 Regulation

3.2.4 Design Process

3.3 Aesthetics in Bridge Design

3.3.1 Definition of Aesthetics

3.3.2 Qualities of Aesthetic Design

3.3.3 Practical Guidelines for Medium- and Short-Span Bridges

3.3.4 Computer Modeling

3.3.5 Web References

3.3.6 Closing Remarks on Aesthetics

References

Problems

CHAPTER 4 BRIDGE TYPES AND SELECTION

4.1 Main Structure below the Deck Line

4.2 Main Structure above the Deck Line

4.3 Main Structure Coincides with the Deck Line

4.4 Closing Remarks on Bridge Types

4.5 Selection of Bridge Type

4.5.1 Factors To Be Considered

4.5.2 Bridge Types Used for Different Span Lengths

4.5.3 Closing Remarks

References

Problems

CHAPTER 5 DESIGN LIMIT STATES

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Development of Design Procedures

5.2.1 Allowable Stress Design

5.2.2 Variability of Loads

5.2.3 Shortcomings of Allowable Stress Design

5.2.4 Load and Resistance Factor Design

5.3 Design Limit States

5.3.1 General

5.3.2 Service Limit State

5.3.3 Fatigue and Fracture Limit State

5.3.4 Strength Limit State

5.3.5 Extreme Event Limit State

5.3.6 Extreme Event Limit State

5.4 Closing Remarks

References

Problems

CHAPTER 6 PRINCIPLES OF PROBABILISTIC DESIGN

6.1 Introduction

6.1.1 Frequency Distribution and Mean Value

6.1.2 Standard Deviation

6.1.3 Probability Density Functions

6.1.4 Bias Factor

6.1.5 Coefficient of Variation

6.1.6 Probability of Failure

6.1.7 Safety Index ß

6.2 Calibration of LRFD Code

6.2.1 Overview of the Calibration Process

6.2.2 Calibration Using Reliability Theory

6.2.3 Calibration of Fitting with ASD

6.3 Closing Remarks

References

Problems

CHAPTER 7 GEOMETRIC DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

7.1 Introduction to Geometric Roadway Considerations

7.2 Roadway Widths

7.3 Vertical Clearances

7.4 Interchanges

References

Problems

PART II LOADS AND ANALYSIS

CHAPTER 8 LOADS

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Gravity Loads

8.2.1 Permanent Loads

8.2.2 Transient Loads

8.3 Lateral Loads

8.3.1 Fluid Forces

8.3.2 Seismic Loads

8.3.3 Ice Forces

8.4 Forces Due to Deformations

8.4.1 Temperature

8.4.2 Creep and Shrinkage

8.4.3 Settlement

8.5 Collision Loads

8.5.1 Vessel Collision

8.5.2 Rail Collision

8.5.3 Vehicle Collision

8.6 Blast Loading

8.7 Summary

References

Problems

CHAPTER 9 INFLUENCE FUNCTIONS AND GIRDER-LINE ANALYSIS

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Definition

9.3 Statically Determinate Beams

9.3.1 Concentrated Loads

9.3.2 Uniform Loads

9.4 Muller-Breslau Principle

9.4.1 Betti's Theorem

9.4.2 Theory of Muller-Breslau Principle

9.4.3 Qualitative Influence Functions

9.5 Statically Indeterminate Beams

9.5.1 Integration of Influence Functions

9.5.2 Relationship between Influence Functions

9.5.3 Muller-Breslau Principle for End Moments

9.5.4 Automation by Matrix Structural Analysis

9.6 Normalized Influence Functions

9.7 AASHTO Vehicle Loads

9.8 Influence Surfaces

9.9 Summary

CHAPTER 10 SYSTEM ANALYSIS--INTRODUCTION

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Safety of Methods

10.2.1 Equilibrium for Safe Design

10.2.2 Stress Reversal and Residual Stress

10.2.3 Repetitive Overloads

10.2.4 Fatigue and Serviceability

10.3 Summary

References

Problem

CHAPTER 11 SYSTEM ANALYSIS--GRAVITY LOADS

11.1 Slab Girder Bridges

11.2 Slab Bridges

11.3 Slabs in Slab Girder Bridges

11.4 Box Girder Bridges

11.5 Closing Remarks

References

Problems

CHAPTER 12 SYSTEM ANALYSIS--LATERAL, TEMPERATURE, SHRINKAGE, AND PRESTRESS LOADS

12.1 Lateral Load Analysis

12.1.1 Wind Loads

12.1.2 Seismic Load Analysis

12.2 Temperature, Shrinkage, and Prestress

12.2.1 General

12.2.2 Prestressing

12.2.3 Temperature Effects

12.2.4 Shrinkage and Creep

12.3 Closing Remarks

References

PART III CONCRETE BRIDGES

CHAPTER 13 REINFORCED CONCRETE MATERIAL RESPONSE AND PROPERTIES

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Material Response

13.3 Constituents of Fresh Concrete

13.4 Properties of Hardened Concrete

13.4.1 Short-Term Properties of Concrete

13.4.2 Long-Term Properties of Concrete

13.5 Properties of Steel Reinforcement

13.5.1 Nonprestressed Steel Reinforcement

13.5.2 Prestressing Steel

References

Problems

CHAPTER 14 BEHAVIOR OF REINFORCED CONCRETE MEMBERS

14.1 Limit States

14.1.1 Service Limit State

14.1.2 Fatigue Limit State

14.1.3 Strength Limit State

14.1.4 Extreme Event Limit State

14.2 Flexural Strength of Reinforced Concrete Members

14.2.1 Depth to Neutral Axis for Beams with Bonded Tendons

14.2.2 Depth to Neutral Axis for Beams with Unbonded Tendons

14.2.3 Nominal Flexural Strength

14.2.4 Ductility, Maximum Tensile Reinforcement, and Resistance Factor Adjustment

14.2.5 Minimum Tensile Reinforcement

14.2.6 Loss of Prestress

14.3 Shear Strength of Reinforced Concrete Members

14.3.1 Variable-Angle Truss Model

14.3.2 Modified Compression Field Theory

14.3.3 Shear Design Using Modified Compression Field Theory

14.4 Closing Remarks

References

Problems

CHAPTER 15 CONCRETE BARRIER STRENGTH AND DECK DESIGN

15.1 Concrete Barrier Strength

15.1.1 Strength of Uniform Thickness Barrier Wall

15.1.2 Strength of Variable Thickness Barrier Wall

15.1.3 Crash Testing of Barriers

15.2 Concrete Deck Design

References

Problems

CHAPTER 16 CONCRETE DESIGN EXAMPLES

16.1 Solid Slab Bridge Design

16.2 T-Beam Bridge Design

16.3 Prestressed Girder Bridge

References

PART IV STEEL BRIDGES

CHAPTER 17 STEEL BRIDGES

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Material Properties

17.2.1 Steelmaking Process: Traditional

17.2.2 Steelmaking Process: Mini Mills

17.2.3 Steelmaking Process: Environmental Considerations

17.2.4 Production of Finished Products

17.2.5 Residual Stresses

17.2.6 Heat Treatments

17.2.7 Classification of Structural Steels

17.2.8 Effects of Repeated Stress (Fatigue)

17.2.9 Brittle Fracture Considerations

17.3 Summary

References

Problem

CHAPTER 18 LIMIT STATES AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

18.1 Limit States

18.1.1 Service Limit State

18.1.2 Fatigue and Fracture Limit State

18.1.3 Strength Limit States

18.1.4 Extreme Event Limit State

18.2 General Design Requirements

18.2.1 Effective Length of Span

18.2.2 Dead-Load Camber

18.2.3 Minimum Thickness of Steel

18.2.4 Diaphragms and Cross Frames

18.2.5 Lateral Bracing

References

Problems

CHAPTER 19 STEEL COMPONENT RESISTANCE

19.1 Tensile Members

19.1.1 Types of Connections

19.1.2 Tensile Resistance--Specifications

19.1.3 Strength of Connections for Tension Members

19.2 Compression Members

19.2.1 Column Stability--Behavior

19.2.2 Inelastic Buckling--Behavior

19.2.3 Compressive Resistance--Specifications

19.2.4 Connections for Compression Members

19.3 I-Sections in Flexure

19.3.1 General

19.3.2 Yield Moment and Plastic Moment

19.3.3 Stability Related to Flexural Resistance

19.3.4 Limit States

19.3.5 Summary of I-Sections in Flexure

19.3.6 Closing Remarks on I-Sections in Flexure

19.4 Shear Resistance of I-Sections

19.4.1 Beam Action Shear Resistance

19.4.2 Tension Field Action Shear Resistance

19.4.3 Combined Shear Resistance

19.4.4 Shear Resistance of Unstiffened Webs

19.5 Shear Connectors

19.5.1 Fatigue Limit State for Stud Connectors

19.5.2 Strength Limit State for Stud Connectors

19.6 Stiffeners

19.6.1 Transverse Intermediate Stiffeners

19.6.2 Bearing Stiffeners

References

Problems

CHAPTER 20 STEEL DESIGN EXAMPLES

20.1 Noncomposite Rolled Steel Beam Bridge

20.2 Composite Rolled Steel Beam Bridge

20.3 Multiple-Span Composite Steel Plate Girder Beam Bridge

APPENDIX A INFLUENCE FUNCTIONS FOR DECK ANALYSIS

APPENDIX B TRANSVERSE DECK MOMENTS PER AASHTO APPENDIX A4

APPENDIX C METAL REINFORCEMENT INFORMATION

APPENDIX D REFINED ESTIMATE OF TIME-DEPENDENT LOSSES

References

APPENDIX E NCHRP 12-33 PROJECT TEAM

Task Groups

APPENDIX F LIVE-LOAD DISTRIBUTION--RIGID METHOD
The late RICHARD M. BARKER, PhD, PE, was Professor Emeritus of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Dr. Barker spent more than fifty years as a structural designer, project engineer, researcher, and teacher.

JAY A. PUCKETT, PhD, PE, is a Charles W. and Margre H. Durham Distinguished Professor and Director of The Durham School of Architectural Engineering and Construction at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Dr. Puckett is also an Emeritus Professor at the University of Wyoming and President of BridgeTech, Inc. in Laramie, WY, a consulting firm that specializes in software development for bridge engineering.

R. M. Barker, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia; J. A. Puckett, University of Wyoming, Laramie