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Designing with Light

The Art, Science, and Practice of Architectural Lighting Design

Livingston, Jason


2. Auflage Dezember 2021
432 Seiten, Softcover

ISBN: 978-1-119-80778-0
John Wiley & Sons

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The new edition of the popular introduction to architectural lighting design, covering all stages of the lighting design process

Designing with Light: The Art, Science, and Practice of Architectural Lighting Design, Second Edition, provides students and professionals alike with comprehensive understanding of the use of lighting to define and enhance a space. This accessible, highly practical textbook covers topics such as the art and science of color, color rendering and appearance, lighting control systems, building codes and standards, and sustainability and energy conservation. Throughout the text, accomplished lighting designer and instructor Jason Livingston offers expert insights on the use of color, the interaction between light and materials, the relation between light, vision, and psychology, and more.

Fully revised and updated throughout, the second edition features new chapters on design thinking, common lighting techniques, and lighting economics. Expanded sections on aesthetics, controlling LEDs, light, and health, designing with light, and color mixing luminaires are supported by new case studies, examples, and exercises. Featuring hundreds of high-quality color images and illustrations, Designing with Light:
* Provides systematic guidance on all aspects of the lighting design process
* Thoroughly covers color and light, including color perception, color rendering, and designing with colored light
* Explains the theory behind the practice of architectural lighting design
* Contains information on cost estimating, life cycle analysis, voluntary energy programs, and professional lighting design credentials

Includes an instructor resource site with PowerPoint presentations, test questions, and suggested assignments for each chapter, and also a student site with flashcards, self-evaluation tests, and helpful calculators. Designing with Light: The Art, Science, and Practice of Architectural Lighting Design, Second Edition is perfect for architecture, interior design, and electrical engineering programs that include courses on lighting design, as well as professionals looking for a thorough and up-to-date desk reference.

Preface to the Second Edition xiii

Preface to the First Edition xv

Acknowledgments xvii

About the Author xix

Chapter 1: The Lighting Design Profession 1

The Lighting Designer's Scope of Practice 2

Professional Lighting Design Credentials 5

Digital Resources 7

References 7

Chapter 2: The Design Process and Lighting Design 9

What Is Lighting Design? 9

Phases of the Architectural Design Process 10

Beginning the Lighting Design 14

A Lighting Design Process 15

Digital Resources 17

References 17

Chapter 3: Designing with Light 19

Thinking About Light 19

Thinking About Luminaires 24

Thinking About Lighting Architecture 27

Thinking About Variety and Contrast 29

Thinking About Everything - Layers of Light 30

Communicating Design Ideas 31

Approaches to the Lighting Design Process 36

Additional Considerations 50

Digital Resources 50

References 51

Chapter 4: What is Light? 53

Light Is Illumination 53

Light Is Rays of Vision 54

Light Is a Material 54

Light Is Rays 55

Light Is Colored Rays 55

Light Is Waves 56

Light Is Particles 56

Light Is Waves, Again 57

Light Is Waves and Particles, aka Quanta 59

Light Is Art 60

Light Is a Tool 61

Digital Resources 62

References 62

Chapter 5: How We See 63

From Light Source to Vision 63

The Eye 64

How We See Color 68

Visual Performance 71

Digital Resources 74

References. 74

Chapter 6: Light and Perception 77

Perception 77

Impressions 78

Lighting, Architecture, and Impressions 79

Light and Behavior 86

Digital Resources 86

References 87

Chapter 7: Distribution of Light 89

Interaction of Light and Materials 89

Types of Distribution 96

Other Distribution Issues 98

Digital Resources 101

References 102

Chapter 8: Light Sources and Lamps 103

Light Sources 103

Lamp Shapes 115

Lamp Sizes 118

Lamp Bases 120

Beam Angle and Field Angle 122

Describing a Lamp 124

Selecting a Light Source 126

Lamp Information for Consumers 127

Digital Resources 128

References and Suggested Readings 128

Chapter 9: The Science of Color in Light 131

Why Understand the Science of Color? 131

The Special Nature of Vision 131

Colorimetry 132

Standard Observers 132

Chromaticity Diagrams 135

Colors of White Light 139

How Do We Define White Light? 144

Chromaticity Differences 146

Color Rendering 149

Light Source Color Characteristics 163

Other Issues in Color 164

Chromatic Light 169

Additive and Subtractive Color Mixing 171

Digital Resources 174

References and Suggested Readings 174

Chapter 10: Designing with Color in Light 177

Selecting Color Temperature 177

Tunable Lighting 180

Using TM-30 188

Using Colored Light 193

Color and Meaning 196

Color and Environment 197

Sources of Colored Light 204

Digital Resources 207

References 208

Chapter 11: Lighting Fixtures or Luminaires 209

Luminaire Components 210

Common Luminaire Types 213

Mounting Conditions 223

Outdoor Luminaires 224

Luminaire Consideration Summary 226

Reading Manufacturer's Literature 226

Modifying Luminaires 230

Custom Luminaires 230

Luminaire Sales and Information 230

Digital Resources 235

References 236

Chapter 12: Lighting Techniques and Details 237

Wall Washing 237

Wall Grazing 240

Accent Lighting 241

Cove Lighting 242

Scallops 243

Luminous Ceiling 245

Under-Shelf Lighting 246

Digital Resources 248

References 249

Chapter 13: Daylighting 251

The Benefits of Daylighting 251

Planning for Daylighting 252

Code Requirements 253

Solar Angles 253

Building Orientation 254

Glazing 255

Designing Daylighting 256

Shading Strategies 261

Digital Resources 262

References 263

Chapter 14: Lighting Controls 265

Electricity and Electrical Engineering 265

Why Do We Need Controls? 268

Basic Controls 269

Control Protocols 272

Other Control System Components 279

Control Systems 280

Commissioning Control Systems 285

Digital Resources 286

References 287

Chapter 15: Photometrics and Calculations 289

Terms Describing Brightness 289

Units for Measuring Light 290

How Much Light Is Required? 291

Illuminance Calculations 292

Glare Calculations 308

Flicker Calculations 309

Digital Resources 310

References and Suggested Readings 311

Chapter 16: Documenting the Design 313

Reflected Ceiling Plan or Lighting Plan 313

Luminaire Designations 320

Developing the RCP 320

Luminaire Cut Sheets 331

Luminaire or Fixture Schedule 333

Specifications 336

Documenting Controls 338

Load Calculations 341

Digital Resources 343

References 344

Chapter 17: Building and Energy Codes. 345

Model Codes 346

Model Building Codes 347

Model Energy Codes 348

Verifying Energy Code Compliance. 350

Digital Resources 351

References 352

Chapter 18: Sustainability 353

Voluntary Programs 354

Qualified Products Lists 357

What Else Can We Do? 358

Assessing Sustainability 361

Digital Resources 362

References and Suggested Readings 363

Chapter 19: Light and Health 365

Biological Rhythms 365

Measuring Circadian Entrainment Effectiveness 367

Other Health Uses for Light 368

Light Deficiency and Light Therapy 370

Full-Spectrum Lighting 371

Harmful Effects of Light 372

Light and the Aging Eye 372

WELL Building Standard 373

Digital Resources 374

References 374

Chapter 20: Lighting Economics 377

Initial Cost 377

Simple Payback 378

Life-Cycle Cost Analysis 379

Additional Value Considerations 381

Digital Resources 381

References 382

Appendix: Lighting Design-Related Professional Organizations 383

Glossary 385

Index 401
Jason Livingston is Principal at Studio T+L, a leading lighting design firm based in New York City. He is Co-Chair of the Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) Color Committee, Adjunct Faculty at the New York School of Interior Design, Assistant Professor at Parsons School of Design at The New School Open Campus, and Visiting Associate Professor at the Pratt Institute. His areas of expertise include interior lighting design, theatrical lighting design, color, and lighting education.