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A Problem-Solving Approach to Aquatic Chemistry

Jensen, James N.

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2. Auflage Januar 2023
704 Seiten, Hardcover
Lehrbuch

ISBN: 978-1-119-88434-7
John Wiley & Sons

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A Problem-Solving Approach to Aquatic Chemistry

Enables civil and environmental engineers to understand the theory and application of aquatic equilibrium chemistry

The second edition of A Problem-Solving Approach to Aquatic Chemistry provides a detailed introduction to aquatic equilibrium chemistry, calculation methods for systems at equilibrium, applications of aquatic chemistry, and chemical kinetics. The text directly addresses two required ABET program outcomes in environmental engineering: "... chemistry (including stoichiometry, equilibrium, and kinetics)" and "material and energy balances, fate and transport of substances in and between air, water, and soil phases."

The book is very student-centered, with each chapter beginning with an introduction and ending with a summary that reviews the chapter's main points. To aid in reader comprehension, important terms are defined in context and key ideas are summarized. Many thought-provoking discussion questions, worked examples, and end of chapter problems are also included. Each part of the text begins with a case study, a portion of which is addressed in each subsequent chapter, illustrating the principles of that chapter. In addition, each chapter has an Historical Note exploring connections with the people and cultures connected to topics in the text.

A Problem-Solving Approach to Aquatic Chemistry includes:
* Fundamental concepts, such as concentration units, thermodynamic basis of equilibrium, and manipulating equilibria
* Solutions of chemical equilibrium problems, including setting up the problems and algebraic, graphical, and computer solution techniques
* Acid-base equilibria, including the concepts of acids and bases, titrations, and alkalinity and acidity
* Complexation, including metals, ligands, equilibrium calculations with complexes, and applications of complexation chemistry
* Oxidation-reduction equilibria, including equilibrium calculations, graphical approaches, and applications
* Gas-liquid and solid-liquid equilibrium, with expanded coverage of the effects of global climate change
* Other topics, including chemical kinetics of aquatic systems, surface chemistry, and integrative case studies

For advanced/senior undergraduates and first-year graduate students in environmental engineering courses, A Problem-Solving Approach to Aquatic Chemistry serves as an invaluable learning resource on the topic, with a variety of helpful learning elements included throughout to ensure information retention and the ability to apply covered concepts in practical settings.

Preface xix

Part I Fundamental Concepts

1 Getting Started with the Fundamental Concepts 3

2 Concentration Units 13

3 Thermodynamic Basis of Equilibrium 35

4 Manipulating Equilibrium Expressions 69

Part II Solving Chemical Equilibrium Problems

5 Getting Started with Solving Equilibrium Problems 95

6 Setting Up Chemical Equilibrium Calculations 105

7 Algebraic Solutions to Chemical Equilibrium Problems 131

8 Graphical Solutions to Chemical Equilibrium Problems 155

9 Computer Solutions to Chemical Equilibrium Problems 183

Part III Acid-Base Equilibria in Homogenous Aqueous Systems

10 Getting Started with Acid-Base Equilibrium in Homogenous Aqueous Systems 209

11 Acids and Bases 219

12 Acid-Base Titrations 249

13 Alkalinity and Acidity 287

Part IV Other Equilibria in Homogenous Aqueous Systems

14 Getting Started with Other Equilibria in Homogeneous Aqueous Systems 319

15 Complexation327

16 Oxidation and Reduction 371

Part V Heterogeneous Systems

17 Getting Started with Heterogeneous Systems 425

18 Gas-Liquid Equilibria 431

19 Solid-Liquid Equilibria 463

Part VI Beyond Dilute Solutions at Equilibrium

20 Getting Started with Beyond Dilute Solutions at Equilibrium 501

21 Thermodynamics Revisited: The Effects of Ionic Strength, Temperature, and Pressure 509

22 Aquatic Chemistry of Surfaces 535

23 Chemical Kinetics of Aquatic Systems 559

24 Putting It All Together: Integrated Case Studies in Aquatic Chemistry 593

Appendices

Appendix A: Background Information 617

Appendix B: Equilibrium Revisited 625

Appendix C: Summary of Procedures 633

Appendix D: Selected Equilibrium Constants 641

Appendix E: Animations and Example Spreadsheet Files653

Appendix F: Nanoql SE661

Index 669

Biographical Index 677
James N. Jensen is Professor in the Department of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering at the State University of New York at Buffalo.

J. N. Jensen, University of Buffalo