John Wiley & Sons Territorial Ecology and Socio-ecological Transition Cover In the same realm as social ecology, industrial ecology and thecircular economy, a new interdiscipli.. Product #: 978-1-78630-546-6 Regular price: $142.06 $142.06 Auf Lager

Territorial Ecology and Socio-ecological Transition

Buclet, Nicolas

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1. Auflage Juni 2021
224 Seiten, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-78630-546-6
John Wiley & Sons

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In the same realm as social ecology, industrial ecology and thecircular economy, a new interdisciplinary field is growing:territorial ecology. Based on the analysis of the metabolism ofhuman societies at a local level, it helps us diagnose a socioecosystem. This diagnostic is not only based on what iscirculating, but also on how it is organized and why. Who is at theorigin of a flow? What are their motivations? Who has the powerto make decisions about it?

This methodology, taking into account both the materialdescription of human societies and the analysis of decisionmaking processes, might also be relevant for territorialdiagnostics. It leads us to a systemic view of the consequences ofindividual and collective actions on the sustainability of localsocio ecosystems.

Socio-ecological transition implies a substantial evolution ofhuman societies. Innovation, be it technological, organizational orsocial, is intrinsically involved in this evolution. However, iftransition calls for disruptive rather than incremental innovations,we must also assess these innovations with a systemic view oftheir consequences.

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction xi

Chapter 1. Positioning Territorial Ecology in the Scientific and Institutional Context 1

1.1. Positioning of territorial ecology from a scientific point of view 2

1.1.1. Urban ecology 3

1.1.2. Industrial ecology 6

1.1.3. From industrial ecology to industrial and territorial ecology 9

1.1.4. The social ecology of Vienna 11

1.1.5. Toward a territorial ecology 12

1.2. Positioning in the institutional context 16

1.2.1. The evolution of concepts around sustainability 17

1.2.2. From industrial ecology to circular economy 20

1.2.3. A variation of circularity: the bioeconomy 22

1.2.4. An effective consideration of the stakes 23

1.3. Conclusion 25

Chapter 2. Main Methodologies Developed Around Urban and Territorial Metabolism: Contributions and Limitations 27

2.1. The main principles of metabolism 27

2.1.1. Plurality of objectives and methods 28

2.1.2. The implementation of the Eurostat method at the territorial level 30

2.1.3. A tool for analysis and comparison between territories 32

2.2. The rise of social metabolism and the territorial footprint 35

2.2.1. The different facets of the place of energy in metabolism 36

2.2.2. The central place of the foodprint 39

2.2.3. ... as well as the place of water 43

2.2.4. The stakes of social metabolism 48

2.3. Contributing to better knowledge of territorial issues 50

2.3.1. A more participatory approach 51

2.3.2. A more territorially focused approach 53

2.4. Conclusion 54

Chapter 3. A Wealth Creation Approach for a Territorial Diagnosis Methodology 57

3.1. The model of wealth creation subsystems 59

3.1.1. The starting model 60

3.1.2. Multiple questions 66

3.2. Methods of analysis of the relationships between stakeholders within the territorial metabolism 69

3.2.1. Which stakeholders should be taken into account? 70

3.2.2. How to take into account the relationships between stakeholders? 74

3.3. Conclusion 89

Chapter 4. Territorial Ecology and the Challenges of the Socio-ecological Transition: Metabolism, Capacity and Resilience 91

4.1. Capabilities 92

4.1.1. The rise of individualistic freedom 92

4.1.2. A certain approach to freedom 94

4.1.3. Individual capabilities or collective capabilities 95

4.1.4. Territory and capabilities 100

4.2. Better integration of the relationship to the environment within the metabolism 102

4.2.1. Socio-ecosystems and nature's contribution to people 104

4.2.2. A socio-ecosystemic approach to wealth 105

4.3. Territorial capability and resilience: a means to tackle transition issues 109

4.3.1. Vulnerability and resilience 110

4.3.2. Capability and resilience of territorial systems 112

4.3.3. Beaufort cheese: between vulnerability and resilience 116

4.4. Conclusion 124

Chapter 5. Principles for Innovative Territorial Projects 127

5.1. Conventional regimes and principles 130

5.1.1. Conventions 130

5.1.2. Conventional values and reference points 132

5.1.3. Conventional regimes 134

5.2. From the dominant conventional regime to a more sustainable one 135

5.2.1. The basis of the dominant conventional regime 136

5.2.2. What might the characteristics be of a sustainable conventional regime? 141

5.3. Toward innovative regional projects 150

5.3.1. What innovation? 151

5.3.2. Local initiatives at the heart of the alternative regime 152

5.3.3. Is there a rise of an alternative regime? 154

5.3.4. The key role of politics 158

5.4. Conclusion 159

Conclusion 161

References 165

Index 179
Nicolas Buclet is Professor at the Institut d Urbanisme et deGeographie Alpine and the PACTE laboratory in Grenoble, France.He is a specialist in the coordination between social actors, basedon the theory of the economics of convention. He contributes tothe growth of territorial ecology, linking it with principles andvalues that promote the sustainability of human societies.