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Distributed Acoustic Sensing in Geophysics

Methods and Applications

Li, Yingping / Karrenbach, Martin / Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan (Editor)

Geophysical Monograph Series

Cover

1. Edition January 2022
320 Pages, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-119-52179-2
John Wiley & Sons

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Distributed Acoustic Sensing in Geophysics

Distributed Acoustic Sensing in Geophysics

Methods and Applications

Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) is a technology that records sound and vibration signals along a fiber optic cable. Its advantages of high resolution, continuous, and real-time measurements mean that DAS systems have been rapidly adopted for a range of applications, including hazard mitigation, energy industries, geohydrology, environmental monitoring, and civil engineering.

Distributed Acoustic Sensing in Geophysics: Methods and Applications presents experiences from both industry and academia on using DAS in a range of geophysical applications.

Volume highlights include:
* DAS concepts, principles, and measurements
* Comprehensive review of the historical development of DAS and related technologies
* DAS applications in hydrocarbon, geothermal, and mining industries
* DAS applications in seismology
* DAS applications in environmental and shallow geophysics

The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals.

List of Contributors

List of Reviewers

Preface

Part 1: Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Concept, Principle, and Measurements

1. High Definition Seismic and Microseismic Data Acquisition Using Distributed and Engineered Fiber Optic Acoustic Sensors
Sergey Shatalin, Tom Parker, and Mahmoud Farhadiroushan

2. Important Aspects of Acquiring Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Data for Geoscientists
Mark Willis, Andreas Ellmauthaler, Xiang Wu, and Michel LeBlanc

3. Distributed Microstructured Optical Fiber (DMOF) Based Ultrahigh Sensitive Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) for a Borehole Seismic Survey
Qizhen Sun, Zhijun Yan, Fan Ai, Hao Li, Wei Zhang, Cunzheng Fan, Xiaolei Li, Deming Liu, Fei Li, and Gang Yu

4. Distributed Acoustic Sensing System Based on Phase-Generated Carrier Demodulation Algorithm
T. Xu, S. Feng, F. Li, L. Ma, and K. Yang

Part 2: Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Applications in Oil and Gas, Geothermal, and Mining Industries

5. Field Trial of Distributed Acoustic Sensing in an Active Room-and-Pillar Mine
Xiangfang Zeng, Herb Wang, Neal Lord, Dante Fratta, and Thomas Coleman

6. On the Surmountable Limitations of Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Vertical Seismic Profiling (VSP) - Depth Calibration, Directionality, and Noise: Learnings From Field Trials
A. Mateeva, Y. Duan, D. Kiyashchenko, and J. Lopez

7. Denoising Analysis and Processing Methods of Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Vertical Seismic Profiling (VSP) Data
Yuan-Zhong Chen, Guang-Min Hu, Jun-Jun Wu, Gang Yu, Yan-Peng Li, Jian-Hua Huang, Shi-Ze Wang, and Fei Li

8. High-Resolution Shallow Structure at Brady Hot Springs Using Ambient Noise Tomography on a Trenched Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Array
Xiangfang Zeng, Clifford H. Thurber, Herb F. Wang, Dante Fratta, and Kurt L. Feigl

Part 3: Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Applications in Monitoring of Deformations, Earthquakes, and Microseisms by Fracturing

9. Introduction to Interferometry of Fiber-Optic Strain Measurements
E. R. Martin, N. J. Lindsey, J. B. Ajo-Franklin, and B. Biondi

10. Using Telecommunication Fiber Infrastructure for Earthquake Monitoring and Near-Surface Characterization
B. L. Biondi, S. Yuan, E. R. Martin, F. Huot, and R. G. Clapp

11. Production Distributed Temperature Sensing vs. Stimulation Distributed Acoustic Sensing for the Marcellus Shale
Payam Kavousi Ghahfarokhi, Timothy Robert Carr, Cody Wilson, and Keithan Martin

12. Coalescence Microseismic Mapping for Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) and Geophone Hybrid Array: A Model-Based Feasibility Study
Takashi Mizuno, Joel Le Calvez, and Daniel Raymer

Part 4: Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Applications in Environmental and Shallow Geophysics

13. Continuous Downhole Seismic Monitoring Using Surface Orbital Vibrators and Distributed Acoustic Sensing at the CO2CRC Otway Project: Field Trial for Optimum Configuration
J. Correa, R. Pevzner, B. M. Freifeld, M. Robertson, T. M. Daley, T. Wood, K. Tertyshnikov, S. Yavuz, and S. Glubokovskikh

14. Introduction to Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Applications for Characterization of Near-Surface Processes
W. Trainor-Guitton and T. Coleman

15. Surface Wave Imaging Using Distributed Acoustic Sensing Deployed on Dark Fiber: Moving Beyond High-Frequency Noise
Verónica Rodríguez Tribaldos, Jonathan Ajo-Franklin, Shan Dou, Nathaniel J. Lindsey, Craig Ulrich, Michelle Robertson, Barry Freifeld, Thomas Daley, Inder Monga, and Chris Tracy

16. Using Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) for Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW)
Chelsea Lancelle, Jonathan Baldwin, Neal Lord, Dante Fratta, Athena Chalari, and Herbert F. Wang

Part 5: Conclusion

17. A Literature Review: Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) Geophysical Applications Over the Last 20 Years
Yingping Li, Martin Karrenbach, and Jonathan Ajo-Franklin

Index
Yingping Li, BlueSkyDas, USA
Martin Karrenbach, OptaSense Inc., USA
Jonathan B. Ajo-Franklin, Rice University and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA