John Wiley & Sons Fabrication of Metallic Pressure Vessels Cover Fabrication of Metallic Pressure Vessels A comprehensive guide to processes and topics in pressure .. Product #: 978-1-119-67486-3 Regular price: $123.36 $123.36 In Stock

Fabrication of Metallic Pressure Vessels

Greulich, Owen R. / Jawad, Maan H.

Wiley-ASME Press Series

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1. Edition January 2022
336 Pages, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-119-67486-3
John Wiley & Sons

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Fabrication of Metallic Pressure Vessels

A comprehensive guide to processes and topics in pressure vessel fabrication

Fabrication of Metallic Pressure Vessels delivers comprehensive coverage of the various processes used in the fabrication of process equipment. The authors, both accomplished engineers, offer readers a broad understanding of the steps and processes required to fabricate pressure vessels, including cutting, forming, welding, machining, and testing, as well as suggestions on controlling costs.

Each chapter provides a complete description of a specific fabrication process and details its characteristics and requirements. Alongside the accessible and practical text, you'll find equations, charts, copious illustrations, and other study aids designed to assist the reader in the real-world implementation of the concepts discussed within the book.

You'll find numerous appendices that include weld symbols, volume and area equations, pipe and tube dimensions, weld deposition rates, lifting shackle data, and more.

In addition to detailed discussions of cutting, machining, welding, and post-weld heat treatments, readers will also benefit from the inclusion of:
* A thorough introduction to construction materials, including both ferrous and nonferrous alloys
* An exploration of layout, including projection and triangulation, material thickness and bending allowance, angles and channels, and marking conventions
* A treatment of material forming, including bending versus three-dimensional forming, plastic theory, forming limits, brake forming, roll forming, and tolerances
* Practical discussions of fabrication, including weld preparation, forming, vessel fit up and assembly, correction of distortion, and transportation of vessels

Perfect for new and established engineers, designers, and procurement personnel working with process equipment or in the fabrication field, Fabrication of Metallic Pressure Vessels will also earn a place in the libraries of students in engineering programs seeking a one-stop resource for the fabrication of pressure vessels.

Preface xvii

Acknowledgments xix

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Fabrication Sequence 1

1.3 Cost Considerations 5

1.4 Fabrication of Nonnuclear Versus Nuclear Pressure Vessels 12

1.5 Units and Abbreviations 13

1.6 Summary 14

2 Materials of Construction 15

2.1 Introduction 15

2.2 Ferrous Alloys 16

2.3 Nonferrous Alloys 20

2.4 Density of Some Ferrous and Nonferrous Alloys 34

2.5 Nonmetallic Vessels 35

2.6 Forms and Documentation 35

2.7 Miscellaneous Materials 38

3 Layout 44

3.1 Introduction 44

3.2 Applications 44

3.3 Tools and Their Use 45

3.4 Layout Basics 45

3.5 Material Thickness and Bending Allowance 49

3.6 Angles and Channels 50

3.7 Marking Conventions 52

3.8 Future of Plate Layout 54

4 Material Forming 55

4.1 Introduction 55

4.2 Brake Forming (Angles, Bump-Forming) 65

4.3 Roll Forming (Shells, Reinforcing Pads, Pipe/Tube) 70

4.4 Tolerances 74

5 Fabrication 77

5.1 Introduction 77

5.2 Layout 77

5.3 Weld Preparation 78

5.4 Forming 82

5.5 Vessel Fit Up and Assembly 83

5.6 Welding 90

5.7 Correction of Distortion 94

5.8 Heat Treatment 94

5.9 Post-fabrication Machining 96

5.10 Field Fabrication -- Special Issues 96

5.11 Machining 101

5.12 Cold Springing 101

6 Cutting and Machining 102

6.1 Introduction 102

6.2 Common Cutting Operations for Pressure Vessels 102

6.3 Cutting Processes 103

6.4 Common Machining Functions and Processes 110

6.5 Common Machining Functions for Pressure Vessels 111

6.6 Setup Issues 114

6.7 Material Removal Rates 116

6.8 Milling 117

6.9 Turning and Boring 119

6.10 Machining Centers 120

6.11 Drilling 120

6.12 Tapping 121

6.13 Water Jet Cutting 122

6.14 Laser Machining 123

6.15 Reaming 123

6.16 Electrical Discharge Machining, Plunge and Wire 123

6.17 Electrochemical Machining 124

6.18 Electron Beam Machining 124

6.19 Photochemical Machining 124

6.20 Ultrasonic Machining 125

6.21 Planing and Shaping 125

6.22 Broaching 125

6.23 3D Printing 125

6.24 Summary 126

7 Welding 127

7.1 Introduction 127

7.2 Weld Details and Symbols 127

7.3 Weld Processes 132

7.4 Weld Preheat and Interpass Temperature 143

7.5 Post Weld Heat Treating 143

7.6 Welding Procedures 143

7.7 Control of Residual Stress and Distortion 144

7.8 Material Handling to Facilitate Welding 145

7.9 Weld Repair 145

7.10 Brazing 145

8 Welding Procedures and Post Weld Heat Treatment 147

8.1 Introduction 147

8.2 Welding Procedures 147

8.3 Weld Preparation Special Requirements 153

8.4 Weld Joint Design and Process to Reduce Stress and Distortion 156

8.5 Weld Preheat and Interpass Temperature 157

8.6 Welder Versus Welding Operator 158

8.7 Weld Repair 159

8.8 Post Weld Heat Treating 160

8.9 Cladding, Overlay, and Loose Liners 162

8.10 Brazing 164

9 Fabrication of Pressure Equipment Having Unique Characteristics 167

9.1 Introduction 167

9.2 Heat Exchangers 167

9.3 Dimpled Jackets 180

9.4 Layered Vessels 181

9.5 Rectangular Vessels 187

9.6 Vessels with Refractory and Insulation 188

9.7 Vessel Supports 190

9.8 Summary 191

10 Surface Finishes 193

10.1 Introduction 193

10.2 Types of Surface Finishes 193

11 Handling and Transportation 200

11.1 Introduction 200

11.2 Handling of Vessels and Vessel Components Within the Fabrication Plant 200

11.3 Transportation of Standard Loads 202

11.4 Transportation of Heavy Vessels 204

11.5 Summary 216

12 ASME Code Compliance and Quality Control System 217

12.1 Need for ASME Code Compliance 217

12.2 What the ASME Code Provides 217

12.3 Fabrication in Accordance with the ASME Code 217

12.4 ASME Code Stamped Vessels 218

12.5 Authorized Inspector and Authorized Inspection Agency 224

12.6 Quality Control System for Fabrication 224

12.7 Additional Stamps Required for Pressure Vessels 226

12.8 Non-Code Jurisdictions 227

12.9 Temporary Shop Locations 228

13 Repair of Existing Equipment 230

13.1 Introduction 230

13.2 National Board Inspection Code, NBIC, NB-23 231

13.3 ASME Post Construction Code, PCC-2 236

13.4 API Pressure Vessel Inspection Code, API-510 241

13.5 API 579/ASME FFS-1 Fitness-For-Service Code 242

13.6 Miscellaneous Repairs 242

13.6.1 Removal of seized nuts 243

13.6.2 Structural supports and foundation 243

Appendix A Units and Conversion Factors 245

Appendix B Welding Symbols 247

Appendix C Weld Process Characteristics 251

Appendix D Weld Deposition 254

Appendix E Shape Properties 257

Appendix F Pipe and Tube Dimensions and Weights 263

Appendix G Bending and Expanding of Pipes and Tubes 278

Appendix H Dimensions of Some Commonly Used Bolts and Their Required Minimum Spacing 286

Appendix I Shackles 288

Appendix J Shears, Moments, and Deflections of Beams 295

Appendix K Commonly Used Terminology 299

Index 304
Owen R. Greulich is active on the High Pressure Task Group of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers' Process Piping Code Committee and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Aerospace Pressure Vessel Committee. He previously served as Pressure and Energetic Systems Safety Manager in the Office of Safety and Mission Assurance at NASA Headquarters, responsible for the safety of pressure and vacuum systems.

Maan H. Jawad is President of Global Engineering & Technology in the United States. He was previously on the Board of Directors and Director of Engineering of the Nooter Corporation. He is active on various ASME Codes and Standards committees and the author of numerous books and publications related to pressure vessels.

M. H. Jawad, Nooter Corp., Missouri