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Short description This handbook on the topic provides an overview of present and future technologies, tackling the important questions for alternative and environment-friendly energy carriers (e.g. fuel cells). It presents the most probable materials, highlighting their advantages and drawbacks.
From the contents Preface STORAGE OF HYDROGEN IN THE PURE FORM Introduction Thermodynamic State and Properties Gaseous Storage Liquid Storage Hybrid Storage Comparison of Energy Densities Conclusion PHYSISORPTION IN POROUS MATERIALS Introduction Carbon Materials Organic Polymers Zeolites Coordination Polymers Conclusions CLATHRATE HYDRATES Introduction Clathrate Hydrate Structures Hydrogen Clathrate Hydrate Kinetic Aspects of Hydrogen Clathrate Hydrate Modeling of Hydrogen Clathrate Hydrates Future of Hydrogen Storage METAL HYDRIDES Introduction Elemental Hydrides Thermodynamics of Metal Hydrides Intermetallic Compounds Practical Considerations Metal Hydrides Systems Nanocrystalline Mg and Mg-Based Alloys Conclusion COMPLEX HYDRIDES Introduction Complex Borohydrides Complex Aluminum Hydrides Complex Transition Metal Hydrides Summary AMIDES, IMIDES AND MIXTURES Introduction Hydrogen Storage Properties of Amide and Imide Systems Structural Properties of Amide and Imide Prospects of Amide and Imide Systems Proposed Mechanism of the Hydrogen Storage Reaction in the Metal?N?H Systems Summary TAILORING REACTION ENTHALPIES OF HYDRIDES Introduction Thermodynamic Limitations of Lightweight Hydrides Strategies to Alter the Reaction Enthalpies of Hydrides Summary and Conclusion AMMONIA BORANE AND RELATED COMPOUNDS AS HYDROGEN SOURCE MATERIALS Introduction Materials Description and Characterization Production Thermally Induced Decomposition of Pure Ammonia Borane ALUMINUM HYDRIDE (ALANE) Introduction Hydrogen Solubility and Diffusivity in Aluminum Formation and Thermodynamics of Different Phases of Alane Stability and Formation of Adduct Organo-Aluminum Hydride Compounds Phases and Structures of Aluminum Hydride Novel Attempts and Methods for Forming Alane Reversibly Conclusion NANOPARTICLES AND 3D SUPPORTED NANOMATERIALS Introduction Particle Size Effects Non-Supported Clusters, Particles and Nanostructures Support Effects Preparation of Three-Dimensional Supported Nanomaterials Experimental Results on 3D-Supported Nanomaterials Conclusions and Outlook