Fibers, 3. General Production Technology





SectionTitle
1.Introduction
2.Theory and Mechanisms of Fiber Production
2.1.Spinning
2.1.1.General Description
2.1.2.Theory and Mechanism of Spinning
2.1.2.1.Spinnability of Fluids
2.1.2.2.Flow Processes in Spinning
2.1.3.Melt Spinning
2.1.4.Solution Spinning
2.1.4.1.Dry Spinning
2.1.4.2.Wet Spinning
2.2.Drawing
2.2.1.Elongation Properties of As-Spun Yarns
2.2.2.Mechanism of Cold Drawing
2.2.3.The Drawing Process
2.2.4.Draw Ratio and Tensile Strength
2.2.5.Ultrahigh-Strength Synthetic Yarns
2.3.Crimping
2.3.1.General Description
2.3.2.Crimping Processes
2.3.2.1.Spontaneous Crimping
2.3.2.2.Deformation Crimping
2.3.2.3.Bicomponent Crimping
2.3.3.Crimping of Staple Fibers and Filament Yarns
2.4.Heat-Setting
2.4.1.Purpose
2.4.2.Mechanism
2.4.3.Shape Retention and Molecular Memory
3.Manufacture of Filament Yarns
3.1.Melt Spinning of Filament Yarns
3.1.1.Conventional Spinning
3.1.2.High-Speed Spinning
3.1.3.Superhigh-Speed Spinning
3.1.4.Draw Twisting and Draw Winding
3.1.5.Warp Drawing
3.1.6.Draw Warping
3.1.7.Spin Drawing
3.2.Solution Spinning of Filament Yarns
3.2.1.Dry Spinning
3.2.2.Wet Spinning
3.3.Texturing of Filament Yarns
3.3.1.Development of Texturing Processes
3.3.2.False-Twist Texturing
3.3.3.Air-Jet Texturing
3.3.4.Stuffer Box Texturing
3.3.5.Bistructural Texturing
4.Manufacture of Tow and Staple Fibers
4.1.Fiber Spinning
4.1.1.Melt Spinning
4.1.1.1.Conventional Process
4.1.1.2.Compact Process
4.1.1.3.Continuous One-Step Process
4.1.2.Wet Spinning
4.1.3.Dry Spinning
4.2.Posttreatment of Tow and Staple Fibers
4.2.1.Drawing of Tow
4.2.2.Washing and Finishing
4.2.3.Drying and Heat-Setting
4.2.4.Crimping
4.2.5.Cutting
4.2.6.Packaging
5.Manufacture of Monofilaments
6.Process Technologies for Spunbonded Nonwovens
7.Economic Aspects
8.References