|Boon, Philip / Raven, Paul (Hrsg.)|
River Conservation and Management
1. Auflage März 2012
2012. 432 Seiten, Hardcover
ISBN 978-0-470-68208-1 - John Wiley & Sons
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This book is intended for those with an academic, scientific and practical interest in river conservation and management. It provides an overview of how changes in legislation, policies, institutional responsibilities, science, technology, practical techniques and public perception have influenced how rivers have been managed over the past 20 years and the challenges that lie ahead during the next 20 years.The book is based on the international conference River Conservation and Management:20 Years On held at York. Thirty-one chapters, with contributions from North and South America, Europe, Asia and Australasia provide a wide-ranging perspective on this complex but profoundly important subject.Following an introduction that chronicles the most important contextual changes, the book is organized into four broad topics:* Catchment management, ecosystem integrity and the threats to river ecosystems - this covers progress on understanding and addressing the pressures affecting rivers, many of which will be amplified by climate change and increasing human demands for water;* Methods and approaches - illustrating some recent techniques that have been developed to assess condition and conservation status across different types of river;* Recovery and rehabilitation - providing an insight into the principles, practice, public involvement and institutional networks that support and make improvements to modified river reaches;* Integrating nature conservation into wider river management -demonstrating the importance of integrated planning, involvement of local communities and the use of adaptive management in achieving multiple environmental and economic benefits along rivers used for different purposes.The final chapter discusses the challenges faced in dealing with an uncertain future.More than 1200 different references and numerous web-site citations provide the reader with an invaluable source of knowledge on the subject area.
Aus dem Inhalt
List of Contributors ixPreface xiiiAcknowledgements xixIntroduction1 Revisiting the Case for River Conservation 3Philip J. BoonCatchment Conservation, Ecosystem Integrity and Threats to River Systems2 From Channel to Catchment: A 20-Year Journey for River Management in England and Wales 17Malcolm D. Newson3 The Rivers and Streams of England and Wales: An Overview of their Physical Character in 2007-2008 and Changes Since 1995-1996 29Katharine Seager, Lucy Baker, Helena Parsons, Paul J. Raven and Ian P. Vaughan4 Environmental Flow Allocation as a Practical Aspect of IWRM 45Jay O'Keeffe5 Assessing the Hydrological Effects of Forest Plantations in Brazil 59Walter de Paula Lima, Silvio Frosini de Barros Ferraz, Carolina Bozetti Rodrigues and Maureen Voigtlaender6 In the Indus Delta it is No More the Mighty Indus 69Muhammad Zafar Khan and Ghulam Akbar7 A 20-Year View of Monitoring Ecological Quality in English and Welsh Rivers 79Ian P. Vaughan and Stephen J. Ormerod8 Water Quality and Exurbanization in Southern Appalachian Streams 91Jackson R. Webster, Ernest F. Benfield, Kristen K. Cecala, John F. Chamblee, Carolyn A. Dehring, Ted Gragson, Jeffrey H. Cymerman, C. Rhett Jackson, Jennifer D. Knoepp, David S. Leigh, John C. Maerz, Catherine Pringle and H. Maurice Valett9 Understanding and Managing Climate Change Effects on River Ecosystems 107Stephen J. Ormerod and Isabelle Durance10 Scotland's Freshwater Pearl Mussels: The Challenge of Climate Change 121Peter Cosgrove, Lee Hastie, Jon Watt, Iain Sime and Philip J. BoonMethods and Approaches11 Can Mediterranean River Plants Translate into Quality Assessment Systems? Venturing into Unexplored Territories 135Ian Dodkins, Francisca Aguiar and Maria Teresa Ferreira12 The Use of Bryophytes for Fluvial Assessment of Mountain Streams in Portugal 143Cristiana Vieira, Ana Seneca, Maria Teresa Ferreira and Cecilia Sergio13 Improvements in Understanding the Contribution of Hyporheic Zones to Biodiversity and Ecological Functioning of UK Rivers 159Paul J. Wood, David J. Gilvear, Nigel Willby, Anne L. Robertson, Terence Gledhill and Philip J. Boon14 Taxonomic Distinctness as a Measure of Diversity of Stream Insects Exposed to Varying Salinity Levels in South-Eastern Australia 175Richard Marchant and Ben Kefford15 Development of a Systematic, Information-Based Approach to the Identification of High Value Sites for River Conservation in New Zealand 183John Leathwick, David West, Atte Moilanen and Lindsay Chadderton16 Assessing the Conservation Status of Alder-Ash Alluvial Forest and Atlantic Salmon in the Natura 2000 River Network of Cantabria, Northern Spain 193Jose Barquin, Barbara Ondiviela, Maria Recio, Mario Alvarez-Cabria, Francisco J. Penas, Diego Fernandez, Laura Oti, Andres Garcia, Cesar Alvarez and Jose A. Juanes17 The Use of Palaeoecological Techniques to Identify Reference Conditions for River Conservation Management 211Emma L. Seddon, Paul J. Wood, Chris P. Mainstone, Malcolm T. Greenwood and Lynda C. HowardRecovery and Rehabilitation18 The Espace de Liberte and Restoration of Fluvial Process: When Can the River Restore Itself and When Must we Intervene? 225G. Mathias Kondolf19 Multi-Purpose, Interlinked and Without Barriers: The Emscher River Ecological Concept 243Mechthild Semrau and Rudolf Hurck20 Rehabilitation of the River Skerne and the River Cole, England: A Long-Term Public Perspective 249E. Ulrika Aberg and Sue Tapsell21 The Unnatural History of the River Trent: 50 Years of Ecological Recovery 261Terry Langford, Tom Worthington, Peter Shaw, Paul Kemp, Chris Woolgar, Alastair Ferguson, Philip Harding and David Ottewell22 Key Factors in the Management and Conservation of Temporary Mediterranean Streams: A Case Study of the Pardiela River, Southern Portugal 273Joana Rosado, Manuela Morais, Antonio Serafim, Ana Pedro, Helena Silva, Miguel Potes, David Brito, Rui Salgado, Ramiro Neves, Ana Lillebø, Ant´onio Chambel, Vanda Pires, Carlos Pinto Gomes and Paulo Pinto23 The History, Development, Role and Future of River Restoration Centres 285Nigel T.H. Holmes and Martin JanesIntegrating Nature Conservation Within Wider River Management24 From Stockholm to Rio II: The Natural and Institutional Landscapes Through Which Rivers Flow 297Peter Bridgewater, Lei Guangchun and Lu Cai25 What Have Rivers Ever Done For Us? Ecosystem Services and River Systems 313Mark Everard26 The Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program: Progress and Immediate Challenges 325John F. Hamill and Theodore S. Melis27 An Individual-Based Model of Swan-Macrophyte Conflicts on a Chalk River 339Kevin A. Wood, Richard A. Stillman, Francis Daunt and Matthew T. O'Hare28 Integrating Habitat Conservation with Amenity and Recreational Uses Along an Urban Stretch of the Adige River, Northern Italy 345Maria Giovanna Braioni, Maria Cristina Villani, Anna Braioni and Gianpaolo Salmoiraghi29 A River in Crisis: The Lower River Murray, Australia 357Anne E. Jensen and Keith F. Walker30 The Nevis River: An Example of River Conservation in the New Zealand Context 371Niall WatsonDealing With an Uncertain Future31 Current and Future Challenges in Managing Natural System Variability for River Conservation in European River Basins 383Andrew R.G. LargeIndex 403