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Architectural Regeneration

Orbasli, Aylin / Vellinga, Marcel (Herausgeber)

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1. Auflage August 2020
384 Seiten, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-119-34033-1
John Wiley & Sons

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A comprehensive and detailed overview of the active regeneration, rehabilitation and revitalisation of architectural heritage.

The combined processes of globalisation, urbanisation, environmental change, population growth and rapid technological development have resulted in an increasingly complex, dynamic and interrelated world, in which concerns about the meaning of cultural heritage and identity continue to grow. As the need for culturally and environmentally sustainable design grows, the challenge for professionals involved in the management of inherited built environments is to respond to this ever-changing context in a critical, dynamic and creative way.

Our knowledge and understanding of the principles, approaches and methods to sustainably adapt existing buildings and places is rapidly expanding. Architectural Regeneration contributes to this knowledge-base through a holistic approach that links policy with practice and establishes a theoretical framework within which to understand architectural regeneration. It includes extensive case studies of the regeneration, rehabilitation and revitalisation of architectural heritage from around the world. Different scales and contexts of architectural regeneration are discussed, including urban, suburban, rural and temporary.

At a time when regeneration policy has shifted to the recognition that 'heritage matters' and that the historic environment and creative industries are a vital driver of regeneration, an increasing workload of architectural practices concerns the refurbishment, adaptive re-use or extension of existing buildings. As a result, this book is ideal for undergraduate and graduate students of architecture, historic conservation, urban and environmental design, sustainability, and urban regeneration, as well as for practitioners and decision makers working in those fields.

Author Biographies xiii

Architectural Regeneration: An Introduction xxi
Aylin Orbasli and Marcel Vellinga

Theory xxii

Context xxiv

Design xxvii

Acknowledgements xxix

Bibliography xxx

Part I Theory 1

1 Architectural Regeneration and its Theoretical Context 3
Aylin Orbasli and Marcel Vellinga

Introduction 3

Theoretical Context 4

Processes of Transformation 4

Architecture as a Dynamic Process 5

Conservation Theory 7

Defining a Continuum: Re-Merging Conservation and Design in Architecture 8

Architecture as a Transformative Tool 9

Architectural (Design) Theory 10

Regeneration Theories 11

Theories of Place Identity and Authenticity 12

Speeding Up and Time Theories 13

The Principles that Shape Architectural Regeneration 14

Architecture is a Cultural Process 14

Context/Environment Matters 15

Adaptive Capacity and Robustness 15

The Art of Adding and Subtracting 17

Contextual Complexity and Interconnectedness 17

Design Adds Value 21

Conclusion 21

Further Reading 22

Bibliography 22

2 Making the Case for Architectural Regeneration 27
Aylin Orbasli

Introduction 27

Heritage-Led Regeneration 28

Economic Benefits and Cycles of Architectural Regeneration 30

Environmental Benefits of Architectural Regeneration 37

Intangible and Social Benefits of Architectural Regeneration 38

Conclusion 41

Further Reading 43

Bibliography 43

3 Decision-making in Regeneration Practice 47
Juliet Carpenter

Introduction 47

Urban Regeneration Governance Within a Theoretical Context 48

Evolution of Decision-making for Urban Regeneration 49

Public vs Private-led Regeneration 49

Community Engagement in Regeneration 51

Post-2008 Regeneration 53

Conclusion 55

Further Reading 56

Bibliography 57

4 Creativity, Newcomers, and the Transformation of Inner Cityscapes 61
Stephen J. Shaw

Introduction 61

Conceptual Framework: Reconstructing 'Creativity', Space, and Place 63

The Long View: Polity, Policy, and Practice in the UK 67

Street-level Developments: New Hotspots for Creativity and Growth? 69

Conclusion 75

Further Reading 77

Bibliography 77

Case Study 1 Architectural Regeneration in Oxford, UK 81
Geoffrey Randell

Introduction 81

Regeneration and Industry 82

Regeneration of Oxford Castle and Prison 83

Reflections 92

Acknowledgements 95

Bibliography 95

Part II Context 97

5 Urban Conservation and Regeneration 99
Aylin Orbasli

Introduction 99

The Context of Urban Conservation 100

What's in a Name? 100

The Urban Conservation Movement: A Brief History 101

Urban Conservation in the Planning Context 105

Urban Conservation in Practice 106

Hip Neighbourhoods and Gentrification 106

Historic Places as Tourism Destinations 110

Flagship Projects and Branded Quarters 113

Industrial Areas 115

Reimaging and Reimagining Historic Urban Quarters 117

Making Urban ConservationWork 119

Conclusion 121

Further Reading 121

Bibliography 122

6 Suburban Regeneration: An Exercise in Perpetual Place-Making 127
Denise Lawrence-Zúñiga

Introduction 127

Gentrifying Bungalow Neighbourhoods 130

Mansionising the Modern Suburb 136

Regenerating Suburban Communities with Immigrants 139

Conclusion 141

Further Reading 143

Bibliography 143

7 Rural Regeneration 145
Sanja Lon ar and Marcel Vellinga

Introduction 145

Conceptualising Rurality 147

Rural Realities 150

Architecture in Rural Areas 152

Architectural Regeneration and Counter-urbanisation 154

Architectural Regeneration in Abandoned Rural Areas 156

Architectural Regeneration in Protected Areas 158

Architectural Regeneration as Part of Thematic Routes 160

Conclusion 162

Further Reading 163

Bibliography 163

8 Temporariness in Architectural Regeneration 169
Aylin Orbasli and Joanna Karmowska

Introduction 169

The Notion of Temporariness and Organisational Temporariness 171

Defining 'Temporary' in the Urban Context 172

Key Players and Drivers 174

The Role of Temporary Interventions in Regeneration 177

Longer-term Impacts and Unintended Consequences 179

Conclusion 182

Further Reading 183

Bibliography 184

9 Regenerating Unfinished Buildings 189
Igea Troiani and Andrew Dawson

Introduction: Unfinished Buildings in an Age of Uncertainty 189

Research on Unfinished Buildings: From Venezuela to Italy, to Greece and Beyond 191

The Evolution of Concrete Frame Construction: From Maison Domino to Polykatoikia 194

Design Tactics for Unfinished Athens 195

Sustainable Design for Unfinished Buildings 200

The Temporary Design of Unfinished Buildings 201

The Socio-cultural Engagement of Unfinished Buildings 203

Ethical Design Practice for Unfinished Buildings 203

Socio-political, Activist Critique of Unfinished Buildings 206

Conclusion: Reflections on Unfinished Athens and Architecture's Relationship with Capitalism 207

Acknowledgements 209

Bibliography 211

Case Study 2 Architectural Regeneration in Istanbul, Turkey 215
Deniz Ikiz Kaya

Introduction 215

Regeneration Approaches and Practices in Istanbul 216

Planning and Regulatory Systems 216

Culture-led Regeneration in the Post-industrial Waterfronts 217

Tourism-led Regeneration in Historic Residential Areas 219

Reconstruction as a Tool of Regeneration 222

Conclusion 224

Bibliography 225

Part III Design 227

10 Adaptive Reuse as a Design Process 229
Jonathan Bassindale

Introduction 229

The Research-based Approach 230

Evidential Value 231

Historical Value 231

Aesthetic Value 232

Communal Value 232

Building Recording and Baseline Information 233

Feasibility 235

Design Interventions 237

Summary and Conclusions 241

Further Reading 241

Bibliography 242

11 Sustainability in Architectural Regeneration 245
Paola Sassi

Introduction 245

Sustainability and the Built Environment: A Framework for Architectural Regeneration 246

Regeneration: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Solutions 251

Synergistic Aims of Regeneration and Sustainability 252

Compatible Aims of Regeneration and Sustainability 253

Conflicting and Challenging Aims of Regeneration and Sustainability 256

Heritage Versus Sustainable Building Operation 258

Conclusion 262

Acknowledgements 263

Further Reading 263

Bibliography 264

12 Architectural Regeneration Practice in Different Contexts 267
Julia Wedel

Introduction 267

'The Best of AllWorlds': Heritage Regeneration in International Development 267

AccessingWork in Heritage Conservation and International Development 268

Garnering Local Support: Negotiating the Interface Between Regeneration and Development 269

Project Funding, Community Gains, and CollaborativeWorking 271

Shaping Mentalities Towards a Shared Sense of Ownership 271

Decision-Making Between Conservation, Repair, and Replacement 272

Creative Reuse in Architectural Practice 273

Lessons from Engaging with Local Communities 275

The Architect as BriefWriter 277

Improving Environmental Performance in Existing Building: Redefining Achievable and Desirable 278

The Future of Financing Architectural Regeneration 279

Regeneration Practice in a London Local Authority 279

Balancing Competing Needs Across the Scales of Area Regeneration 280

Addressing Housing Challenges Within Multiple Constraints 281

Making Space for Conservation in Local Authority Regeneration 282

Opportunities and Priorities for Creative Regeneration Practice in Municipal Settings 282

Regeneration Practice as Citizenship: Negotiating Social Histories in Times of Transition and Crisis 283

Client Relationships as Advocacy for Dialogue and Participation 283

Shaping Policy to Protect Cultural Heritage in Times of Socio-Political Transition 284

Architectural Intervention in Existing Contexts 285

Conclusions 287

Acknowledgements 288

Bibliography 289

13 Design in Context 291
Matt Gaskin

Introduction 291

Method 292

Context 294

Working with Layers 295

Articulation and Layering 296

Facadism 301

Wider Context and Education 301

Conclusion 303

Further Reading 304

Bibliography 304

Case Study 3 Architectural Regeneration Through Public Education in Portugal 307
Sofia Aleixo

Introduction 307

The Significance of Public Historic Schools 307

The Heritage Values of liceus 308

Safeguarding Portuguese liceus 310

The Adaptive Reuse Context 310

Challenges Encountered in Managing Change 311

The Assessment of Heritage Significance 312

Adaptive Reuse Design Principles and Strategies 313

Conclusion 318

Acknowledgements 318

Bibliography 319

14 Teaching Architectural Regeneration 321
Aylin Orbasli, Marcel Vellinga, Julia Wedel, and Geoffrey Randell

Introduction 321

Approach and Framework 323

The Value of Research 324

Being Realistic 327

Resource Sensitivity 330

Programme Management 333

Fitting it all in 333

Practices of Engagement 335

Achieving Impact Through Education 338

Conclusion 339

Acknowledgements 340

Bibliography 340

Index 343
AYLIN ORBA^LI is Reader in Architectural Regeneration and MARCEL VELLINGA is Professor of Anthropology of Architecture, both at Oxford Brookes University, UK.

A. Orbasli, Oxford Brookes University; M. Vellinga, Leiden University