John Wiley & Sons Photovoltaic (PV) System Delivery as Reliable Energy Infrastructure Cover A practical guide to improving photovoltaic power plant lifecycle performance and output Photovolta.. Product #: 978-1-119-57119-3 Regular price: $123.36 $123.36 Auf Lager

Photovoltaic (PV) System Delivery as Reliable Energy Infrastructure

Balfour, John R. / Morris, Russell W.

Cover

1. Auflage Mai 2024
576 Seiten, Hardcover
Praktikerbuch

ISBN: 978-1-119-57119-3
John Wiley & Sons

Jetzt kaufen

Preis: 132,00 €

ca.-Preis

Preis inkl. MwSt, zzgl. Versand

A practical guide to improving photovoltaic power plant lifecycle performance and output

Photovoltaic (PV) System Delivery as Reliable Energy Infrastructure introduces a preventive analytic maintenance for photovoltaic systems engineering, the Repowering(TM) planning approach, as a structured integrated system delivery process. A team of veteran photovoltaics experts delivers a robust discussion of the lessons learned from mature industries--including aerospace, utilities, rail, marine, and automotive--as applied to the photovoltaics industry. The book offers real-world examples of the impact of photovoltaics to all stakeholders during the concept, specification, operations, maintenance, and Repowering(TM) phases.

In each chapter, readers will learn to develop RAMS specifications, data, and tasks while becoming familiar with the inherent benefits of how these affect the cost of design and development, maintenance, spares, and systems operation. The authors also explain when to consider Repowering(TM) and plant upgrades and the considerations from concept through retirement and disposal of the plant.

Readers will also find:
* A thorough introduction to preventive analytic maintenance, including systems engineering, lifecycle planning, risk management, risk assessment, risk reduction, as compared to the historic utility model
* An in-depth treatment of the modern photovoltaic industry, including economic factors and the present endlessly evolving state of technology
* Constructive discussions of systems engineering, including RAMS and SMART engineering practices and solutions
* Extensive explorations of data collection, curation, and analysis for PV systems, including advanced sensor technologies

Perfect for photovoltaic design and specification engineers, photovoltaic plant owners, PV asset managers and all interested stakeholders, Photovoltaic (PV ) System Delivery as Reliable Energy Infrastructure will also earn a place in the libraries of utilities, engineering, procurements, construction professionals and students.

Chapter 1 ASSESSING PV INDUSTRY CHALLENGES 2

1.1 INTRODUCTION 2

1.2 Terminology 2

1.3 Preventive Analytic Maintenance 3

1.4 CURRENT STATE OF THE INDUSTRY 6

1.5 DEFINING FAILURE AND SUCCESS 7

1.6 Application of PAM 17

1.7 Cost Control Considerations 18

1.8 Project Versus System Delivery Process 21

1.9 PAM Concept 23

1.10 Challenges Today with the Bidding Process 24

Chapter 2 PV System Delivery Process 4

2.1 Introduction 4

2.2 PAM PV System Delivery Process 6

2.3 PV Plant Commissioning: 27

2.4 Universal Real-Time Data (URTD) & Data Sharing 34

2.5 PV Plant Lifecycle 39

2.6 Capacity and Capability 40

2.7 Masking and Its Impact 44

2.8 Plant Performance and Energy Output 45

2.9 Addressing the Gaps 45

2.10 Chapter Conclusion 50

Chapter 3 Current PV Component Technologies 2

3.1 Component Selection 2

3.2 Present State of Technology 6

3.3 Manufacturing Risk: 8

3.4 Primary technologies discussion 28

3.5 Inverters 39

3.6 Equipment Removal, Disposal and Recycling 46

Chapter 4 May need a conclusion SE/Repowering Planning Process 3

4.1 Introduction 3

4.2 What is the SE/Repowering Process? 6

4.3 There is a continuous and contentious complaint about lifecycle performance. 10

4.4 Cannibalization 15

4.5 Impacts of SE / Repowering 16

4.6 Types of SE / Repowering 19

4.7 Preemptive Analytical Maintenance SE/Repowering System Planning 27

4.8 RAMS for SE/Repowering 29

4.9 SE/Repowering Considerations 36

4.10 Technology Fatigue 47

4.11 Data Collection 48

Chapter 5 System Engineering 2

5.1 Introduction 2

5.2 Why the PV Industry Needs Systems Engineering 3

5.3 SE Process 7

5.4 Project Phases Overview 14

5.5 Systems Engineering Tools 16

5.6 System vs Project Delivery Method 23

5.7 Conclusion 56

Chapter 6 Reliability 4

6.1 INTRODUCTION 4

6.2 Why Reliability 5

6.3 Success/Failure 7

6.4 Overview 12

6.5 Reliability 14

6.6 Stakeholder Needs 16

6.7 Reliability Predictions, Analysis and Assessments 20

6.8 Reliability Program Plan 25

6.9 Reliability Mathematics 26

6.10 Reliability Block diagrams (RBD) 39

6.11 Fault Trees 41

6.12 Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) 42

6.13 Failure Reporting and Corrective System (FRACAS) and the PV SCADA 54

6.14 Root Cause Analysis 55

6.15 Data Analysis 55

6.16 Reliability Predictions 64

6.17 Derating 66

6.18 Reliability Testing 67

6.19 Summary 71

Chapter 7 Maintainability 4

7.1 Introduction 4

7.2 Responsibility for Maintainability 6

7.3 Types of Maintenance 7

7.4 Maintenance Cost 11

7.5 Typical Maintenance Flow 13

7.6 Additional Maintenance Metrics 20

7.7 Available Maintenance Time 21

7.8 Maintenance Driven Availability 22

7.9 Preventive maintenance (PM) 27

7.10 Customer Generated Maintenance 28

7.11 Energy Storage 29

7.12 Spares 30

7.13 Testability 35

7.14 Maintenance and Testability Specifications 40

7.15 Conclusion 42

Chapter 8 Availability 3

8.1 Introduction 3

8.2 Why Measure Component Availability 5

8.3 Information categories For Plant Availability (Unavailability) 9

8.4 Types of Availability 9

8.5 Confusion of availability metrics 16

8.6 Grid availability 18

8.7 Specifications 18

8.8 Conclusion 20

Bibliography 21

Chapter 9 Energy Storage System (ESS) 3

9.1 Introduction Energy Storage Systems (ESS) 4

9.2 Applications of Energy Storage 6

9.3 Batteries 8

9.4 Components of an Energy Storage System 17

9.5 Battery Management System (BMS) 20

9.6 Battery Thermal Management 20

9.7 ESS Cost 23

9.8 Reliability 25

9.9 ESS Maintenance and Operational Considerations 27

9.10 Considerations 31

9.11 Electric Vehicles As Grid Storage 33

9.12 Summary 35

Chapter 10 Data Collection 3

10.1 Introduction 3

10.2 Reducing Risk Begins with Data 5

10.3 Shared RAMS Data 10

10.4 Stakeholders 10

10.5 Anonymized Plant Data 11

10.6 Stakeholder Business Case for Sharing Reliability Data 12

10.7 The Level Necessary to Control Costs and Improve PV systems 14

10.8 Monitoring for Better Data, Security and Plant Cost Control 15

10.9 Data Analysis 16

10.10 Data Presentation 18

10.11 Process 20

10.12 Implementation 22

10.13 The Monitoring Plan: 24

10.14 Warranty Issues: 30

10.15 Synthetic Data! 31

10.16 Conclusion 31

Chapter 11 Operations & Maintenance (O&M) 3

11.1 Introduction 3

11.2 Safety 5

11.3 Reliability 9

11.4 Availability 10

11.5 Maintainability 12

11.6 Testability 13

11.7 Project Development 14

11.8 O&M Plan 14

11.9 Conclusion 25

Step 4: Forecasting Civilian Casualties, and Cost from Number of Fires 27

Rate of Deaths Per Fire 28

11.10 The Operator's Role 29

11.11 Preventive Maintenance 29

11.12 Ancillary Maintenance 30

11.13 Tracking and reporting of technician key performance indicators (KPIs) 30

11.14 Introduction 33

11.15 Corrective Maintenance (CM) Scope 4
John R, Balfour, Balfour, BS, MEP, PhD, "System Conformity Assessment & Resource Expert in the PV Sector of the US National Committee of the IECRE ", President High Performance PV. Invested four decades in advancing delivery of more reliable, higher performing infrastructure grade PV / Energy Storage Systems (ESS) to produce greater lifecycle asset value, operational resilience, and cash flow. This work helped bring improvements in system specification, design, construction, and O&M by redefining PV Repowering(TM) a system engineering (SE) / planning process delivering decades of system Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety (RAMS), risk prevention, reduction, plant and energy optimization strategies.

Russell W. Morris, BSEE, MSSE, SMIEEE, M-INCOSE, is a Retired Technical Fellow in RAM/SE Engineering consultant with over 35 years' experience in the field of medical, aerospace, and solar power reliability and maintainability and 15 years as an engineer and technician. He has addressed professionals and students at the University of Texas, AIAA, IEEE PVSC, IEEE IRPS, IEEE ISSRE, ARS and several symposia and Universities in the U.S. and China. He has also taught RAM topics for Boeing suppliers in Italy, England, India, Australia, and multiple sites within the United States.