John Wiley & Sons A History of Modern Germany Cover A HISTORY OF MODERN GERMANY A History of Modern Germany provides a comprehensive account of the soc.. Product #: 978-1-119-74638-6 Regular price: $59.72 $59.72 Auf Lager

A History of Modern Germany

1800 to the Present

Kitchen, Martin / Rossi, Lauren Faulkner


3. Auflage September 2023
432 Seiten, Softcover

ISBN: 978-1-119-74638-6
John Wiley & Sons

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A History of Modern Germany provides a comprehensive account of the social, political, and economic history of Germany from 1800 to the present. Written in an engaging and accessible narrative style, this popular textbook offers an expansive view of the nation's complex and fragmented past, tracing the development of the German national consciousness through Napoleonic rule, the unification of Germany, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, post-war division, the collapse of Communism, reunification, and the first two decades of the 21st century. Throughout the text, the authors discuss the tensions prompted by structural changes within Germany, long-term shifts in demographics, social and economic reforms, and more.

Now in its third edition, A History of Modern Germany offers richer coverage of German cultural history, the German Democratic Republic, modernization, class, religion, and gender. Updated chapters explore continuity in imperial projects from Bismarck to Hitler, memory and commemoration since 1945, the distinct but intertwined histories of the two Germanys between 1949 and 1989, and the experience of diversity after the Second World into the post-unification era.

A History of Modern Germany: 1800 to the Present, Third Edition is an excellent textbook for undergraduate students taking courses in modern German history or modern European history as well as general readers with an interest in the subject.

List of Illustrations x

Maps xii

Introduction to the Second Edition 1

A Note on the Third Edition 7

1 Germany Under Napoleon 9

The Continental System 11

Resistance to Napoleon 12

The Prussian Reform Movement 13

Prussian Military Reforms 17

Educational Reform 18

The Confederation of the Rhine 20

Germany and the Defeat of Napoleon 21

The Congress of Vienna 22

2 German Society in Transition 24

Women and Children 27

The Household 29

Town and Country 30

Agriculture 31

Industrialization 33

Class Structure 36

Jews 40

Social Change 41

3 Restoration and Reform 1815-1840 43

Demagogues and Radicals 44

Bourgeois Discontent 47

Nationalism 48

The Zollverein 50

Germany Under Metternich 52

Catholicism 55

Liberalism 56

Radicalism 57

4 The Revolutions of 1848 59

Revolution 62

The Frankfurt Parliament 64

Olmütz 70

5 The Struggle for Mastery 1850-1866 72

Austro-Prussian Rivalry 73

The "New Era" 75

Changes in the Social Structure 76

Liberalism and Conservatism 78

Social Democracy 79

Prussian Army Reforms 82

Bismarck 83

The German Question 84

The Schleswig- Holstein Question 86

The Austro-Prussian War 87

6 The Unification of Germany 1866-1871 90

Liberalism, Nationalism, and Particularism 93

The Franco-Prussian War 94

The German Empire 96

Bonapartism 99

The Military and Militarism 101

Nationalism 104

The German Jewish Community 105

7 Bismarck's Germany 111

The Kulturkampf 112

Bismarck and the Liberals 115

Social Democracy 116

From Free Trade to Protectionism 116

The Anti-Socialist Laws 118

Bismarck's New Course 119

Social Policy 121

The Social Structure of Imperial Germany 122

Food and Drink 124

Fashion 125

Women 126

Attitudes Toward Sexuality 128

8 Germany and Europe 1871-1890 132

The Congress of Berlin 134

The Dual and Triple Alliances 135

German Imperialism: Bismarck's Colonialism 136

The Collapse of Bismarck's System of Alliances 138

9 Wilhelmine Germany 1890-1914 141

William II's System of Government 143

The Reichstag 145

Caprivi and the "New Course" 146

Hohenlohe 149

Tirpitz, the Navy, and "World Politics" 150

German Imperialism: Navalism and Overseas Colonization 151

Criticisms of the Naval Building Program 153

Bülow 154

Anglo-German Rivalry 155

The Bülow Bloc 156

Scandals and Crises 157

Bethmann Hollweg 159

The Challenge from Social Democracy 160

Armaments 161

The Balkan Crisis of 1912 162

10 The First World War 165

Attitudes Toward the War 167

War Aims 168

German Society in Wartime 168

Women and the Family 171

Mounting Opposition to the War 173

The Peace Resolution 174

The Impact of the Bolshevik Revolution 176

The Failure of the March Offensive 177

Armistice Negotiations 179

11 The Weimar Republic 1919-1933 181

The Treaty of Versailles 182

The Weimar Constitution 184

The Kapp Putsch 184

Reparations 185

Rapallo 187

Hyperinflation and the "Struggle for the Ruhr" 188

Hindenburg Elected President 192

Locarno 193

The Depression 194

Cultural Effervescence: Cinema, Music, Visual Arts 195

The Middle Class 196

The Working Class 199

Rural Society 202

The Demise of Parliamentary Democracy 203

Gender and Sexuality 204

Brüning 205

Papen 208

Schleicher 210

Hitler Appointed Chancellor 211

12 The Nazi Dictatorship to 1939: Politics, Society, Culture 214

The Reichstag Fire 216

Gleichschaltung 218

The SA and the Röhm Putsch 221

Hitler Becomes Head of State 223

The National Socialist Dictatorship 224

The SS 229

Salvaging the Economy 231

German Society in the Third Reich 234

Labor 236

Peasants 237

Small Business 240

Gender, Women, and the Family 241

National Socialism and Modernity 244

13 Nazi Germany and the Jews 1933-1945: Persecution, War, Genocide 250

The Persecution of the Jews Before the War 252

First Steps in Foreign Policy 255

The Anschluss 258

Munich 259

War 260

Poland 262

The War in the West 263

Barbarossa 264

The Wartime Persecution of the Jews: The "Final Solution" 267

The Turn of the Tide 273

The Shortage of Labor 274

The End 276

14 The Adenauer Era 1945-1963 280

The Occupation Zones 282

From Bizonia to Trizonia 284

The Formation of the Federal Republic of Germany 286

Rearmament 289

From the "Economic Miracle" to "Eurosclerosis" 292

Culture and Society under Adenauer 295

The Heyday of Adenauer's Germany 297

The Berlin Wall 298

The End of the Adenauer Era 299

15 The German Democratic Republic 303

"The First Workers' and Peasants' State on German Soil" 308

June 17, 1953 311

The GDR after Stalin 313

The Berlin Wall 315

The New Economic System 316

The GDR and Willy Brandt's Ostpolitik 318

The Honecker Era 319

Social Structure of the GDR 320

Dissent 323

Relations between the Two Germanys 324

The Collapse of the GDR 325

16 The Federal Republic 1963-1982 332

The Great Coalition: 1966-1969 333

Confrontations with the Past 335

The Extra- Parliamentary Opposition (APO) 336

The Chancellorship of Willy Brandt 338

Terrorism 341

Willy Brandt's Second Term: 1972-1974 341

Helmut Schmidt's First Term: 1974-1976 343

Helmut Schmidt's Second Term: 1976-1980 344

The Changing Nature of Dissent 345

The Debate on Atomic Weapons 346

Helmut Schmidt's Third Term: 1980-1982 347

The Historikerstreit: Debating Germany's Past 349

Class and Consumption 351

Gender, Sexuality, and the Erosion of the Family Unit 356

Immigration and German Identity 358

17 The Reunification of Germany and Beyond 360

The United States, the Soviet Union, and the German Question 361

The New Germany's First Decade 363

9/11 and the Iraq War 372

Gerhard Schröder's Second Term 375

Angela Merkel's First Three Terms 376

The Refugee Crisis, the Re-emergence of the Far Right, and Merkel's Final Term 379

Remembering and Forgetting in Reunified Germany 381

Problems and Perspectives 384

Bibliography 386

Index 396
Martin Kitchen is Professor Emeritus of History at Simon Fraser University, Canada. His books include Nazi Germany at War, The Cambridge Illustrated History of Germany, The German Offensives of 1918, The Third Reich: Charisma and Community, and Rommel's Desert War: Waging World War II in North Africa, 1941--1943. Internationally recognized as a key author in the study of contemporary history, Professor Kitchen has served on the editorial boards of International History Review, Canadian Journal of History, and International Affairs.

Lauren Faulkner Rossi is Assistant Professor of History at Simon Fraser University, where she teaches courses on World War II and modern German history. She is the author of Wehrmacht Priests and has published articles in journals such as Contemporary European History, Holocaust and Genocide Studies, and Journal of Modern History.

M. Kitchen, Simon Fraser University, Canada; L. F. Rossi, Simon Fraser University, Canada