John Wiley & Sons Functionalized Nanomaterials for Catalytic Application Cover Durch die rasante Entwicklung in der Nanotechnologie ist es mittlerweile möglich, die physikalischen.. Product #: 978-1-119-80897-8 Regular price: $195.33 $195.33 Auf Lager

Functionalized Nanomaterials for Catalytic Application

Hussain, Chaudhery Mustansar / Shukla, Sudheesh K. / Mangla, Bindu (Herausgeber)

Cover

1. Auflage August 2021
528 Seiten, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-119-80897-8
John Wiley & Sons

Jetzt kaufen

Preis: 209,00 €

Preis inkl. MwSt, zzgl. Versand

Weitere Versionen

epubmobipdf

Durch die rasante Entwicklung in der Nanotechnologie ist es mittlerweile möglich, die physikalischen und chemischen Eigenschaften von Nanomaterialien mit molekularer Erkennung und katalytischen Anwendungen zu modulieren. Aus den Forschungsarbeiten ist eine große Zahl katalytischer Plattformen für zahlreiche Analyten entstanden, von Metallionen über kleine Moleküle, ionische Flüssigkeiten und Nukleinsäuren bis zu Proteinen. Funktionalisierte Nanomaterialien (FNM) bilden die Grundlage für wichtige Anwendungen in den Bereichen Umwelt, Energie und Gesundheit. Strategien zur Synthese von FNM spielen in verschiedenen Branchen eine wichtige Rolle, insbesondere in der Textil-, Bau-, Kosmetik-, Biomedizin- und Umweltindustrie.

In diesem Werk wird das Design von funktionalisierten Nanomaterialien (FNM) in Bezug auf die neuesten Fortschritte in der Industrie und die entsprechenden Anwendungen erläutert. Das Buch vermittelt einen umfassenden Überblick über FNM und ihre Anwendungen, wodurch der Leser ein systematisches und kohärentes Bild von nahezu allen relevanten aktuellen Fortschritten erhält. Es wird erläutert, mithilfe welcher Funktionalisierungstechniken und -prozesse Nanomaterialien so verbessert werden, dass sie die Leistung von bereits genutzten Verfahren wesentlich verändern und spannende Konsumgüter hervorbringen, die zum aktuellen Lebensstil der modernen Gesellschaft passen.

Preface xvii

1 Functionalized Nanomaterial (FNM)-Based Catalytic Materials for Water Resources 1
Sreevidya S., Kirtana Sankara Subramanian, Yokraj Katre, Ajaya Kumar Singh and Jai Singh

1.1 Introduction 4

1.2 Electrocatalysts as FNMs 7

1.3 Electro-Fenton/Hetero Electro-Fenton as FNMs 8

1.4 Hetero Photo-Fenton as FNMs 13

1.4.1 Heterogenous-Fentons-Based FNMs 14

1.4.2 Photo-Fentons-Based FNMs 14

1.5 Photocatalysts as FMNs 19

1.5.1 Carbon-Based FNMs as Photocatalysts 24

1.5.1.1 CNT-Based FNMs 24

1.5.1.2 Fullerene-Based FNMs 25

1.5.1.3 Graphene (G)/Graphene Oxide (GO)-Based FNMs 26

1.5.1.4 Graphene-Carbon Nitride/Metal or Metalloid Oxide-Based FNMs 27

1.5.1.5 Graphene-Carbon Nitride/QD-Based FNMs 28

1.5.2 Polymer Composite-Based FNMs as Photocatalyst 29

1.5.3 Metal/Metal Oxide-Based FNMs as Photocatalyst 29

1.6 Nanocatalyst Antimicrobials as FNMs 30

1.7 Conclusions and Future Perspectives 31

References 33

2 Functionalized Nanomaterial (FNM)-Based Catalytic Materials for Energy Industry 53
Amarpreet K. Bhatia, Shippi Dewangan, Ajaya K. Singh and Sónia. A.C. Carabineiro

2.1 Introduction 54

2.2 Different Types of Nanomaterials 55

2.2.1 Zero-Dimensional (0D) Nanostructures 55

2.2.2 One-Dimensional (1D) Nanostructures 56

2.2.3 Two-Dimensional (2D) Nanostructures 56

2.2.4 Three-Dimensional (3D) Nanostructures 56

2.3 Synthesis of Functionalized Nanomaterials 56

2.3.1 Chemical Methods 57

2.3.2 Ligand Exchange Process 58

2.3.3 Grafting of Synthetic Polymers 58

2.3.4 Miscellaneous Methods 58

2.4 Magnetic Nanoparticles 59

2.4.1 Synthesis of Magnetic Nanoparticles 59

2.4.2 Characterization of Magnetic Nanoparticles 60

2.4.3 Functionalization of Magnetic Nanoparticles 63

2.4.3.1 Covalent Bond Formation 64

2.4.3.2 Ligand Exchange 64

2.4.3.3 Click Reaction 64

2.4.3.4 Maleimide Coupling 65

2.5 Carbon-Based Nanomaterials 65

2.5.1 Functionalization of Carbon Nanomaterials 65

2.5.2 Synthesis of Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene 67

2.6 Application of Functionalized Nanomaterials in the Energy Industry Through Removal of Heavy Metals by Adsorption 67

2.6.1 Removal of Arsenic by Magnetic Nanoparticles 74

2.6.2 Removal of Cadmium by Magnetic Nanoparticles 75

2.6.3 Removal of Chromium by Magnetic Nanoparticles 75

2.6.4 Removal of Mercury by Magnetic Nanoparticles 76

2.7 Conclusions 76

References 77

3 Bionanotechnology-Based Nanopesticide Application in Crop Protection Systems 89
Abhisek Saha

3.1 Introduction 90

3.2 Few Words About Pesticide 92

3.3 What About Biopesticide Demand 93

3.4 A Brief Look on Associates Responsible for Crop Loss 93

3.5 Traditional Inclination of Chemical-Based Pest Management 94

3.6 Nanotechnology in the Field of Agriculture 95

3.7 Why Nanotechnology-Based Agriculture is the Better Option With Special Reference to Nano-Based Pesticide? 95

3.8 Biological-Based Pest Management 96

3.9 Nano-Based Pest Management 96

3.10 Nanopesticides 97

3.11 Required to Qualify for Selection as Nanobiopesticides 98

3.12 Pestiferous Insect's Management 99

3.12.1 Chemical Nanomaterials 99

3.12.2 Bionanomaterials 99

3.13 Critical Points for Nanobiopesticides 100

3.14 Other Pests 100

3.15 Post-Harvest Management and Their Consequences 101

3.16 Field Test for Nanobiopesticides for Pest Control 101

3.17 Merits and Consequences of Chemical and Bionanomaterials 102

3.18 Conclusion 103

References 104

4 Functionalized Nanomaterials (FNMs) for Environmental Applications 109
Bhavya M.B., Swarnalata Swain, Prangya Bhol, Sudesh Yadav, Ali Altaee, Manav Saxena, Pramila K. Misra and Akshaya K. Samal

4.1 Introduction 110

4.1.1 Methods for the Functionalization of Nanomaterials 110

4.1.1.1 Functionalization by Organic Moieties 111

4.1.1.2 Surface Polymerization 111

4.1.2 Nanomaterial-Functional Group Bonding Type 112

4.1.2.1 Functionalization by Covalent Bond 112

4.1.2.2 Functionalization by Noncovalent Bond 112

4.2 Functionalized Nanomaterials in Environmental Applications 114

4.2.1 Chitosan 114

4.2.2 Cellulose 117

4.2.3 Alumina 121

4.2.4 Mixed Composites 124

4.2.5 Other Nanocomposites for Environment 126

4.3 Conclusion 130

Acknowledgements 130

References 130

5 Synthesis of Functionalized Nanomaterial (FNM)-Based Catalytic Materials 135
Swarnalata Swain, Prangya Bhol, M.B. Bhavya, Sudesh Yadav, Ali Altaee, Manav Saxena, Pramila K. Misra and Akshaya K. Samal

5.1 Introduction 136

5.2 Methods Followed for Fabrication of FNMs 137

5.2.1 Co-Precipitation Method 138

5.2.2 Impregnation 139

5.2.3 Ion Exchange 139

5.2.4 Immobilization/Encapsulation 140

5.2.5 Sol-Gel Technique 140

5.2.6 Chemical Vapor Deposition 141

5.2.7 Microemulsion 141

5.2.8 Hydrothermal 142

5.2.9 Thermal Decomposition 142

5.3 Functionalized Nanomaterials 143

5.3.1 Carbon-Based FNMs 143

5.3.1.1 Carbon-Based FNMs as Heterogeneous Catalysts 145

5.3.2 Metal and Metal Oxide-Based FNMs 147

5.3.2.1 Functionalization Technique of Metal Oxides 147

5.3.2.2 Silver-Based FNMs as Heterogeneous Catalysts 148

5.3.2.3 Platinum-Based FNMs as Heterogeneous Catalysts 150

5.3.2.4 Pd-Based FNMs as Heterogeneous Catalysts 153

5.3.2.5 Zirconia-Based FNMs as Heterogeneous Catalysts 153

5.3.3 Biomaterial-Based FNMs 154

5.3.3.1 Chitosan/Cellulose-Based FNMs as Heterogeneous Catalysts 155

5.3.4 FNMs for Various Other Applications 156

5.3.5 Comparison Table 157

5.4 Conclusion 158

Acknowledgements 159

References 159

6 Functionalized Nanomaterials for Catalytic Applications--Silica and Iron Oxide 169
Deepali Ahluwalia, Sachin Kumar, Sudhir G. Warkar and Anil Kumar

6.1 Introduction 169

6.2 Silicon Dioxide or Silica 171

6.2.1 General 171

6.2.2 Synthesis of Silica Nanoparticles 172

6.2.2.1 Sol-Gel Method 172

6.2.2.2 Microemulsion 172

6.2.3 Functionalization of Silica Nanoparticles 174

6.2.4 Applications 176

6.2.4.1 Epoxidation of Geraniol 176

6.2.4.2 Epoxidation of Styrene 177

6.3 Iron Oxide 177

6.3.1 General 177

6.3.2 Synthesis of Functionalized Fe NPs 178

6.3.2.1 Biopolymer-Based Synthesis 178

6.3.2.2 Plant Extract-Based Synthesis 179

6.3.3 Applications 179

6.3.3.1 Degradation of Dyes 179

6.3.3.2 Wastewater Treatment 181

References 182

7 Nanotechnology for Detection and Removal of Heavy Metals From Contaminated Water 185
Neha Rani Bhagat and Arup Giri

7.1 Introduction 186

7.2 History of Nanotechnology 186

7.3 Heavy Metal Detective Nanotechnology 187

7.3.1 Nanotechnology for Arsenic (Aas) Removal 187

7.3.2 Nanotechnology for Lead Removal from Water 197

7.3.3 Nanotechnology for Cadmium (Cd) Removal from Water 200

7.3.4 Nanotechnology for Nickel (Ni) Removal 200

7.4 Futuristic Research 209

7.5 Conclusion 209

References 210

8 Nanomaterials in Animal Health and Livestock Products 227
Devi Gopinath, Gauri Jairath and Gorakh Mal

8.1 Introduction 228

8.2 Nanomaterials 230

8.3 Nanomaterials and Animal Health 230

8.3.1 Role in Disease Diagnostics 230

8.3.2 Role in Drug Delivery Systems 232

8.3.3 Role in Therapeutics 232

8.3.4 Toxicity and Risks 233

8.4 Nanomaterials and Livestock Produce 234

8.4.1 Nanomaterials and Product Processing 234

8.4.1.1 Nanoencapsulation 235

8.4.2 Nanomaterials and Sensory Attributes 239

8.4.3 Nanomaterials and Packaging 239

8.4.3.1 Nanocomposite 240

8.4.3.2 Nanosensors 241

8.4.4 Safety and Regulations 241

8.5 Conclusion 243

References 243

9 Restoring Quality and Sustainability Through Functionalized Nanocatalytic Processes 251
Nitika Thakur and Bindu Mangla

9.1 Introduction 252

9.1.1 Nanotechnology Toward Attaining Global Sustainability 252

9.2 Nano Approach Toward Upgrading Strategies of Water Treatment and Purification 253

9.2.1 Nanoremediation Through Engineered Nanomaterials 253

9.2.2 Electrospun-Assisted Nanosporus Membrane Utilization 254

9.2.3 Surface Makeover Related to Electrospun Nanomaterials 255

9.2.4 Restoring Energy Sources Through Nanoscience 255

9.3 Conclusion and Future Directions 256

References 256

10 Synthesis and Functionalization of Magnetic and Semiconducting Nanoparticles for Catalysis 261
Dipti Rawat, Asha Kumari and Ragini Raj Singh

10.1 Functionalized Nanomaterials in Catalysis 262

10.1.1 Magnetic Nanoparticles 262

10.1.1.1 Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Catalysis Using Magnetic Nanoparticles 263

10.1.1.2 Organic Synthesis by Magnetic Nanoparticles as Catalyst 264

10.1.2 Semiconducting Nanoparticles 264

10.1.2.1 Homogeneous Catalysis 267

10.1.2.2 Heterogeneous Catalysis 267

10.1.2.3 Photocatalytic Reaction Mechanism 267

10.2 Types of Nanoparticles in Catalysis 268

10.2.1 Magnetic Nanoparticles 268

10.2.1.1 Ferrites 268

10.2.1.2 Ferrites With Shell 269

10.2.1.3 Metallic 271

10.2.1.4 Metallic Nanoparticles With a Shell 271

10.2.2 Semiconducting Nanoparticles 271

10.2.2.1 Binary Semiconducting Nanoparticles in Catalysis 272

10.2.2.2 Oxide-Based Semiconducting Nanoparticles, for Example, TiO2, ZrO2, and ZnO 272

10.2.2.3 Chalcogenide Semiconducting Nanoparticles for Catalysis 273

10.2.2.4 Nitride-Based Semiconducting Photocatalyst 274

10.2.2.5 Ternary Oxides 274

10.2.2.6 Ternary Chalcogenide Semiconductors 274

10.3 Synthesis of Nanoparticles for Catalysis 275

10.3.1 Magnetic Nanoparticles 275

10.3.1.1 Co-Precipitation Route 275

10.3.1.2 Hydrothermal Method 276

10.3.1.3 Microemulsion Method 277

10.3.1.4 Sono-Chemical Method 278

10.3.1.5 Sol-Gel Method 279

10.3.1.6 Biological Method 280

10.3.2 Semiconducting Nanoparticles 280

10.3.2.1 Tollens Method 281

10.3.2.2 Microwave Synthesis 281

10.3.2.3 Hydrothermal Synthesis 282

10.3.2.4 Gas Phase Method 282

10.3.2.5 Laser Ablation 282

10.3.2.6 Wet-Chemical Approaches 283

10.3.2.7 Sol-Gel Method 283

10.4 Functionalization of Nanoparticles for Application in Catalysis 283

10.4.1 Magnetic Nanoparticles 283

10.4.2 Semiconducting Nanoparticles 285

10.4.2.1 Noble Valuable Metal Deposition 285

10.4.2.2 Functionalization by Ion Doping: Metal or Non-Metal 286

10.4.2.3 Semiconductor Composite or Coupling of Two Semiconductors 287

10.5 Application-Based Synthesis 287

10.5.1 Magnetic Nanoparticles 287

10.5.1.1 Silica-Coated Nanoparticles 287

10.5.1.2 Carbon-Coated Magnetic Nanoparticles 288

10.5.1.3 Polymer-Coated Magnetic Nanoparticles 289

10.5.1.4 Semiconductor Shell Formation Over the Magnetic Nanoparticle 290

10.5.2 Semiconducting Nanoparticles 290

10.5.2.1 Semiconductor Nanomaterials in Solar Cell 290

10.5.2.2 Batteries and Fuel Cells 291

10.5.2.3 Semiconducting Nanomaterials for Environment 292

10.5.2.4 Challenges for Water Treatment Using Nanomaterials 292

10.6 Conclusion and Outlook 293

References 294

11 Green Pathways for Palladium Nanoparticle Synthesis: Application and Future Perspectives 303
Arnab Ghosh, Rajeev V. Hegde, Sandeep Suryabhan Gholap, Siddappa A. Patil and Ramesh B. Dateer

11.1 Introduction 304

11.1.1 Methods for Metal Nanoparticle Synthesis 305

11.1.2 Biogenic Synthesis of PdNPs 306

11.1.3 Phytochemicals: Constituent of Plant Extract 307

11.1.4 Techniques for Characterization of Metal NPs 308

11.2 Biosynthesis of PdNPs and Its Applications 308

11.2.1 Synthesis of PdNPs Using Black Pepper Plant Extract 308

11.2.2 Synthesis of PdNPs Using Papaya Peel 313

11.2.3 Synthesis of PdNPs Using Watermelon Rind 315

11.2.4 Synthesis of Cellulose-Supported PdNs@PA 316

11.2.5 PdNPs Synthesis by Pulicaria glutinosa Extract 318

11.2.6 Synthesis of PdNPs using Star Apple 319

11.2.7 PdNPs Synthesis Using Ocimum Sanctum Extract 321

11.2.8 PdNPs Synthesis Using Gum Olibanum Extract 322

11.3 Conclusion and Future Perspectives 323

References 324

12 Metal-Based Nanomaterials: A New Arena for Catalysis 329
Monika Vats, Gaurav Sharma, Varun Sharma, Varun Rawat, Kamalakanta Behera and Arvind Chhabra

12.1 Introduction 329

12.2 Fabrication Methods of Nanocatalysts 333

12.3 Application of Metal-Based Nanocatalysts 335

12.4 Types of Nanocatalysis 337

12.4.1 Green Nanocatalysis 338

12.4.2 Heterogeneous Nanocatalysis 339

12.4.3 Homogeneous Nanocatalysis 340

12.4.4 Multiphase Nanocatalysis 340

12.5 Different Types of Metal-Based Nanoparticles/Crystals Used in Catalysis 340

12.5.1 Transition Metal Nanoparticles 341

12.5.2 Perovskite-Type Oxides Metal Nanoparticles 342

12.5.3 Multi-Metallic/Nano-Alloys/Doped Metal Nanoparticles 343

12.6 Structure and Catalytic Properties Relationship 343

12.7 Conclusion and Future Prospects 344

Acknowledgment 345

References 345

13 Functionalized Nanomaterials for Catalytic Application: Trends and Developments 355
Meena Kumari, Badri Parshad, Jaibir Singh Yadav and Suresh Kumar

13.1 Introduction 356

13.1.1 Nanocatalysis 357

13.1.2 Factors Affecting Nanocatalysis 358

13.1.2.1 Size 359

13.1.2.2 Shape and Morphology 359

13.1.2.3 Catalytic Stability 360

13.1.2.4 Surface Modification 360

13.1.3 Characterization Techniques 361

13.1.4 Principles of Green Chemistry 362

13.1.5 Role of Functionalization 363

13.1.6 Frequently Used Support Materials 363

13.2 Different Types of Nanocatalysts 364

13.2.1 Metal Nanoparticles 364

13.2.2 Alloys and Intermetallic Compounds 365

13.2.3 Single Atom Catalysts 366

13.2.4 Magnetically Separable Nanocatalysts 367

13.2.5 Metal Organic Frameworks 368

13.2.6 Carbocatalysts 369

13.3 Catalytic Applications 370

13.3.1 Organic Transformation 370

13.3.2 Electrocatalysis 374

13.3.2.1 Electrocatalytic Reduction of CO2 374

13.3.2.2 Hydrogen Evolution Reaction 382

13.3.2.3 Fuel Cells 382

13.3.3 Photocatalysis 389

13.3.3.1 Photocatalytic Treatment of Wastewater 391

13.3.3.2 Photocatalytic Conversion of CO2 Into Fuels 391

13.3.3.3 Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution From Water 392

13.3.4 Conversion of Biomass Into Fuels 396

13.3.5 Other Applications 397

13.4 Conclusions 398

13.4.1 Future Outlook 398

References 398

14 Carbon Dots: Emerging Green Nanoprobes and Their Diverse Applications 417
Shweta Agarwal and Sonika Bhatia

14.1 Introduction 417

14.2 Classification of Carbon Dots 419

14.3 Environmental Sustainable Synthesis of Carbon Dots 424

14.3.1 Hydrothermal Treatment 432

14.3.2 Solvothermal Treatment 433

14.3.3 Microwave-Assisted Method 434

14.3.4 Pyrolysis Treatment 435

14.3.5 Chemical Oxidation 436

14.4 Characterization of Carbon Dots 438

14.5 Optical and Photocatalytic Properties of Carbon Dots 440

14.5.1 Absorbance 441

14.5.2 Photoluminescence 441

14.5.3 Quantum Yield 443

14.5.4 Up-Conversion Photoluminescence (Anti-Stokes Emission) 444

14.5.5 Photoinduced Electron Transfer 445

14.5.6 Photocatalytic Property 446

14.6 Carbon Dots in Wastewater Treatment 449

14.6.1 Heavy Metal Removal 451

14.6.2 Removal of Dyes 452

14.6.3 Photodegradation of Antibiotics 453

14.6.4 Removal of Other Pollutants 453

14.6.5 Bacterial Inactivation 454

14.6.6 Oil Removal 454

14.7 Carbon Dots for Energy Applications and Environment Safety 454

14.7.1 Solar Light-Driven Splitting of Water 455

14.7.2 Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction 457

14.7.3 Photocatalytic Synthetic Organic Transformations 459

14.8 Biomedical Applications of Carbon Dots 460

14.8.1 Bioimaging 461

14.8.2 Carbon Dots as Biosensors, pH Sensors, and Temperature Sensors 463

14.8.3 Carbon Dots for Drug Delivery 466

14.8.4 Carbon Dots as Carriers for Neurotherapeutic Agents 468

14.9 Ethical, Legal, and Sociological Implications of Carbon Dots 469

14.10 Conclusion and Future Outlook 471

References 472

Index 493
Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain, PhD is an adjunct professor, academic advisor and Lab Director in the Department of Chemistry & Environmental Sciences at the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), Newark, New Jersey, USA. His research is focused on the applications of nanotechnology & advanced materials in environment, analytical chemistry and various industries. Dr. Hussain is the author of numerous papers in peer-reviewed journals as well as a prolific author and editor of many scientific monographs and handbooks in his research areas.

Sudheesh K. Shukla, PhD is a postdoctoral researcher at Shandong University China. His research work focuses on interfacing the chemistry (materials science) and engineering for better healthcare (biology) and environmental applications. Dr. Shukla has extensive experience in materials science (materials design, synthesis and characterization), nanocomposite synthesis, nanobiotechnology, catalysis science and biosensors/sensors.

Bindu Mangla is an assistant professor in the Department of Chemistry, J C Bose University of Science & Technology, YMCA, Faridabad (Hr), India. She completed her PhD in Chemistry, from Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies (erstwhile MRIU). She has a keen research interest in the area of materials chemistry, nanotechnology, corrosion chemistry and atmospheric chemistry.

C. M. Hussain, New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), USA; S. K. Shukla, University of Johannesburg, South Africa