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Women in World Christianity

Building and Sustaining a Global Movement

Zurlo, Gina A.


1. Auflage August 2023
384 Seiten, Softcover

ISBN: 978-1-119-82377-3
John Wiley & Sons

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A groundbreaking, comprehensive, and interdisciplinary analysis of women's experiences in World Christianity

Women in World Christianity: Building and Sustaining a Global Movement is the first textbook to focus on women's experiences in the founding, spread, and continuation of the Christian faith. Integrating historical, theological, and social scientific approaches to World Christianity, this innovative volume centers women's perspectives to illustrate their key role in Christianity becoming a world religion, including how they sustain the faith in the present and their expanding role in the future.

Women in World Christianity features findings from the Women in World Christianity Project, a groundbreaking study that produced the first quantitative dataset on gender in every Christian denomination in every country of the world. Throughout the text, special emphasis is placed on women in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, the period of Christianity's shift from the global North to the global South. Easily accessible chapters - organized by continent, tradition, and select topics - introduce students to the wide variety of Christian belief and practice around the world. The book also discusses issues specifically relevant to women in the church: gender-based violence, ecology, theological education, peacebuilding and more. This textbook:
* Provides a balanced view of women's involvement in Christianity as a world religion and how they sustain the faith today
* Introduces students to female theologians around the world whose scholarship is generally overlooked in Western theological education
* Discusses women's essential contributions to Christian mission, leadership, education, relief work, healthcare, and other social services of the church
* Complements the growing body of literature about Christian women from different continental, regional, national, and ecclesiastical perspectives
* Explores the contributions of contemporary Christian women of all major denominations in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America, and Oceania
* Helps students become more aware of the unique challenges women face worldwide, and what they are doing to overcome them

Women in World Christianity: Building and Sustaining a Global Movement is an excellent primary textbook for introductory courses on World Christianity, History of Christianity, World Religions, Gender in Religion, as well as undergraduate and graduate courses specifically focused on women in World Christianity.

Acknowledgments x

List of Tables xii

List of Figures xv

Introduction: Why Women in World Christianity? 1

Gender and Quantitative Research on World Christianity 2

Women in the World Today 4

Is World Christianity a Women's Movement? 6

Contents of This Book 7

Part I Women in World Christianity by Continent 11

1 Women in World Christianity 13

World Christianity, 1900-2050 14

World Christianity by Major Tradition, Family, and Denomination 19

Dynamics of Religious Change 24

Women in Christian History 26

Women in Social Scientific Research 28

Women in Theology 31

Conclusion 32

2 Women in African Christianity 35

Christianity in Africa, 1900-2050 37

Women in African Christianity: Past and Present 42

African Women in Theology 49

Conclusion 50

3 Women in Asian Christianity 54

Christianity in Asia, 1900-2050 56

Women in Asian Christianity: Past and Present 62

Asian Women in Theology 70

Conclusion 71

4 Women in European Christianity 76

Christianity in Europe, 1900-2050 78

Women in European Christianity: Past and Present 84

European Women in Theology 91

Conclusion 92

5 Women in Latin American and Caribbean Christianity 97

Christianity in Latin America and the Caribbean, 1900-2050 98

Women in Latin American and Caribbean Christianity: Past and Present 105

Latin American and Caribbean Women in Theology 112

Conclusion 113

6 Women in North American Christianity 117

Christianity in North America, 1900-2050 118

Women in North American Christianity: Past and Present 124

North American Women in Theology 132

Conclusion 134

7 Women in Oceanic Christianity 138

Christianity in Oceania, 1900-2050 139

Women in Oceanic Christianity: Past and Present 145

Oceanic Women in Theology 150

Conclusion 152

Part II Women in World Christianity by Tradition and Movement 157

8 Women in Catholicism 159

Catholics, 1900-2050 160

Women in Catholic History 164

Vignettes: Catholic Women Worldwide 166

Conclusion 176

9 Women in Orthodox Christianity 181

Orthodox, 1900-2050 182

Women in Orthodox History 187

Vignettes: Orthodox Women Worldwide 191

Conclusion 194

10 Women in Protestant Christianity 197

Protestants, 1900-2050 198

Women in Protestant History 202

Vignettes: Protestant Women Worldwide 205

Conclusion 211

11 Women in Independent Christianity 215

Independents, 1900-2050 216

Women in Independent Christian History 220

Vignettes: Independent Women Worldwide 223

Conclusion 228

12 Women in Pentecostal/Charismatic Christianity 231

Pentecostals/Charismatics, 1900-2050 232

Women in Pentecostal/Charismatic History 237

Vignettes: Pentecostal/Charismatic Women Worldwide 239

Conclusion 245

13 Women in Evangelicalism 248

Evangelicals, 1900-2050 249

Women in Evangelical History 254

Vignettes: Evangelical Women Worldwide 256

Conclusion 259

Part III Women in World Christianity by Select Topics 263

14 Christianity and Gender-based Violence 265

Gender-based Violence and Discrimination Worldwide 266

Christianity and Gender-based Violence 268

Christian Responses to Gender-based Violence 272

Conclusion 279

15 Christian Women and Ecology 284

Global Ecological Challenges 285

Gendered Impacts of Ecological Challenges 286

Christian Responses to Ecological Challenges 287

Conclusion 295

16 Christian Women and Theological Education 300

Historical Vignette: Women and Theological Education in the United States 301

Women and Theological Education Worldwide Today 302

Conclusion 311

17 Christian Women and Peacebuilding 316

What is Peacebuilding? 317

Christianity and Peace 319

Vignettes: Christian Women in Peacebuilding 320

Conclusion 326

Conclusion 330

Further Research 332

Appendices 334

Glossary 345

Index 352
GINA A. ZURLO (Boston University) is Co-Director of the Center for the Study of Global Christianity and Research Fellow at Boston University's Institute on Culture, Religion, and World Affairs. She is the author of Global Christianity: A Guide to the World's Largest Religion from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe and From Nairobi to the World: David B. Barrett and the Re-imagining of World Christianity. She is also co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia, 3rd edition, and co-editor of the World Christian Database. She was named one of the BBC's 100 most inspiring and influential women of 2019 for her work in quantifying religion worldwide.