John Wiley & Sons Metal Oxide Nanocomposite Thin Films for Optoelectronic Device Applications Cover METAL OXIDE NANOCOMPOSITE THIN FILMS FOR OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICE APPLICATIONS The book provides insig.. Product #: 978-1-119-86508-7 Regular price: $204.67 $204.67 Auf Lager

Metal Oxide Nanocomposite Thin Films for Optoelectronic Device Applications

Zargar, Rayees Ahmad (Herausgeber)


1. Auflage September 2023
432 Seiten, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-119-86508-7
John Wiley & Sons

Weitere Versionen



The book provides insight into the fundamental aspects, latest research, synthesis route development, preparation, and future applications of metal oxide nanocomposite thin films.

The fabrication of thin film-based materials is important to the future production of safe, efficient, and affordable energy as the devices convert sunlight into electricity. Thin film devices allow excellent interface engineering for high-performance printable solar cells as their structures are highly reliable and stand-alone systems can provide the required megawatts. They have been used as power sources in solar home systems, remote buildings, water pumping, megawatt-scale power plants, satellites, communications, and space vehicles.

Metal Oxide Nanocomposite Thin Films for Optoelectronic Device Applications covers the basics of advanced nanometal oxide-based materials, their synthesis, characterization, and applications, and all the updated information on optoelectronics. Topics discussed include the implications of metal oxide thin films, which are critical for device fabrications. It provides updated information on the economic aspect and toxicity, with great focus paid to display applications, and covers some core areas of nanotechnology, which are particularly concerned with optoelectronics and the available technologies. The book concludes with insights into the role of nanotechnology and the physics behind photovoltaics.


The book will be an important volume for electronics and electrical engineers, nanotechnologists, materials scientists, inorganic chemists in academic research, and those in industries, exploring the applications of nanoparticles in semiconductors, power electronics, and more.

Preface xvii

Part I: Nanotechnology 1

1 Synthesis and Characterization of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles / Nanocrystalline Thin Films for Photovoltaic Application 3
Santosh Singh Golia, Chandni Puri, Rayees Ahmad Zargar and Manju Arora

1.1 Present Status of Power Generation Capacity and Target in India 4

1.2 Importance of Solar Energy 4

1.3 Evolution in Photovoltaic Cells and their Generations 6

1.4 Role of Nanostructured Metal Oxides in Production, Conversion, and Storage in Harvesting Renewable Energy 12

1.5 Synthesis of Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Photovoltaic Cell Application 13

1.6 Characterization of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles/Thin Films 31

1.7 Conclusion and Future Aspects 32

2 Experimental Realization of Zinc Oxide: A Comparison Between Nano and Micro-Film 45
Rayees Ahmad Zargar, Shabir Ahmad Bhat, Muzaffar Iqbal Khan, Majid Ul Islam, Imran Ahmed and Mohd Shkir

2.1 Introduction 45

2.2 Approaches to Nanotechnology 46

2.3 Wide Band Semiconductors 48

2.4 Zinc Oxide (ZnO) 48

2.5 Properties of Zinc Oxide 50

2.6 Thin Film Deposition Techniques 52

2.7 Procedure of Experimental Work 53

2.8 Calculation of Thickness of Thin ZnO Films 54

2.9 Structural Analysis 54

2.10 Optical Characterization 56

2.11 Electrical Characterization 60

2.12 Applications of Zinc Oxide 62

2.13 Conclusions and Future Work 63

3 Luminescent Nanocrystalline Metal Oxides: Synthesis, Applications, and Future Challenges 65
Chandni Puri, Balwinder Kaur, Santosh Singh Golia, Rayees Ahmad Zargar and Manju Arora

3.1 Introduction 66

3.2 Different Types of Luminescence 67

3.3 Luminescence Mechanism in Nanomaterials 73

3.4 Luminescent Nanomaterials Characteristic Properties 74

3.5 Synthesis and Shape Control Methods for Luminescent Metal Oxide Nanomaterials 75

3.6 Characterization of Nanocrystalline Luminescent Metal Oxides 86

3.7 Applications of Nanocrystalline Luminescent Metal Oxides 87

3.8 Conclusion and Future Aspects of Nanocrystalline Luminescent Metal Oxides 88

4 Status, Challenges and Bright Future of Nanocomposite Metal Oxide for Optoelectronic Device Applications 101
Ajay Singh, Sunil Sambyal, Vishal Singh, Balwinder Kaur and Archana Sharma

4.1 Introduction 103

4.2 Synthesis of Nanocomposite Metal Oxide by Physical and Chemical Routes 105

4.3 Characterization Techniques Used for Metal Oxide Optoelectronics 109

4.4 Optoelectronic Devices Based on MOs Nanocomposites 111

4.5 Advantages of Pure/Doped Metal Oxides Used in Optoelectronic Device Fabrication 117

4.6 Parameters Required for Optoelectronic Devices Applications 118

4.7 Conclusion and Future Perspective of Metal Oxides-Based Optoelectronic Devices 119

Part II: Thin Film Technology 129

5 Semiconductor Metal Oxide Thin Films: An Overview 131
Krishna Kumari Swain, Pravat Manjari Mishra and Bijay Kumar Behera

5.1 Introduction 132

5.1.1 An Introduction to Semiconducting Metal Oxide 133

5.1.2 Properties of Semiconducting Metal Oxide 134

5.1.3 Semiconducting Metal Oxide Thin Films 135

5.1.4 Thin Films Deposition Method 135

5.1.5 Application of Semiconducting Metal Oxide Thin Films 148

5.1.6 Limitations of Semiconductor Thin Films 149

5.2 Conclusion and Outlook 150

6 Thin Film Fabrication Techniques 155
Lankipalli Krishna Sai, Krishna Kumari Swain and Sunil Kumar Pradhan

6.1 Introduction 156

6.2 Thin Film - Types and Their Application 157

6.3 Classification of Thin-Film Fabrication Techniques 157

6.4 Methodology 159

6.5 Advantages of CVD Process 173

6.6 Comparison Between PVD and CVD 174

6.7 Conclusion 174

7 Printable Photovoltaic Solar Cells 179
Tuiba Mearaj, Faisal Bashir, Rayees Ahmad Zargar, Santosh Chacrabarti and Aurangzeb Khurrem Hafiz

7.1 Introduction 179

7.2 Working Principle of Printable Solar Cells 180

7.3 Wide Band Gap Semiconductors 181

7.4 Metal Oxide-Based Printable Solar Cell 184

7.5 What is Thick Film, Its Technology with Advantages 186

7.6 To Select Suitable Technology for Film Deposition by Considering the Economy, Flexibility, Reliability, and Performance Aspects 188

7.7 Procedures for Firing 191

7.8 Deposition of Thin Film Layers via Solution-Based Process 193

8 Response of Metal Oxide Thin Films Under Laser Irradiation 203
Rayees Ahmad Zargar

8.1 Introduction 203

8.2 Interaction of Laser with Material 205

8.3 Radiation Causes Modification 206

8.4 Application Laser Irradiated Films 207

8.5 Wavelength Range of Radiation 208

8.6 Laser Irradiation Mechanism 209

8.7 Experimental Procedure 211

Part III: Photovoltaic and Storage Devices 221

9 Basic Physics and Design of Photovoltaic Devices 223
Rayees Ahmad Zargar, Muzaffar Iqbal Khan, Yasar Arfat, Vipin Kumar and Joginder Singh

9.1 Introduction: Solar Cell 224

9.2 Semiconductor Physics 225

9.3 Carrier Concentrations in Equilibrium 227

9.4 p-n Junction Formation 229

9.5 Process of Carrier Production and Recombination 229

9.6 Equations for Poisson's and Continuity Equation 230

9.7 Photovoltaic (Solar Power) Systems 231

9.8 Types of Photovoltaic Installations and Technology 232

9.9 Electrical Characteristics Parameters 233

9.10 Basic p-n Junction Diode Parameters 236

9.11 Conclusion 237

10 Measurement and Characterization of Photovoltaic Devices 239
Saleem Khan, Vaishali Misra, Ayesha Bhandri and Suresh Kumar

10.1 Introduction 240

10.2 Electrical and Optical Measurements 242

10.3 Current-Voltage (I-V) Characterization 242

10.4 Quantum Efficiency 246

10.5 Hall Effect Measurements 248

10.6 Photoluminescence Spectroscopy and Imaging 252

10.7 Electroluminescence Spectroscopy and Imaging 254

10.8 Light Beam Induced Current Technique (LBIC) 255

10.9 Electron Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) 255

10.10 Characterization by Ellipsometry Spectroscopy 257

10.11 Conclusion 258

11 Theoretical and Experimental Results of Nanomaterial Thin Films for Solar Cell Applications 263
Muzaffar Iqbal Khan, Rayees Ahmad Zargar, Showkat Ahmad Dar and Trilok Chandra Upadhyay

11.1 Introduction 263

11.2 Literature Survey 266

11.3 Theoretical and Experimental Results 277

11.4 Experimental Results of Optical Properties 282

11.5 Conclusions 285

12 Metal Oxide-Based Light-Emitting Diodes 295
Shabir Ahmad Bhat, Sneha Wankar, Jyoti Rawat and Rayees Ahmad Zargar

12.1 Introduction 296

12.2 Structure of LEDs 297

12.3 Working Principle of LEDs 298

12.4 Selection of Material for Construction of LEDs 299

12.5 Basic Terminology Involved in Fabrication of LEDs 300

12.6 LEDs Based on ZnO (Zinc Oxide) 302

12.7 Transition Metal Oxide-Based LEDs 307

12.8 Lanthanide-Based OLEDs 310

12.9 Conclusion 312

13 Metal Oxide Nanocomposite Thin Films: Optical and Electrical Characterization 317
Santosh Chackrabarti, Rayees Ahmad Zargar, Tuiba Mearaj and Aurangzeb Khurram Hafiz

13.1 Introduction 318

13.2 Nanocomposite Thin Films (NCTFs) 320

13.3 Materials Used for Preparation of NCTFs 320

13.4 Methods of Preparation of NCTFs 328

13.5 Applications 331

13.6 Examples 332

13.7 Laser Irradiation Sources 333

13.8 Functional Characterization Techniques 336

13.9 Conclusion 341

14 Manganese Dioxide as a Supercapacitor Material 361
Mudasir Hussain Rather, Feroz A. Mir, Peerzada Ajaz Ahmad, Rayaz Ahmad and Kaneez Zainab

14.1 Introduction 362

14.2 Supercapacitor Components 366

14.3 Methods for MnO2 Nanoparticles 369

14.4 Doped-MnO2 Materials 372

14.5 MnO2 with Polymer Composites 378

14.6 Nanocomposites 381

14.7 Conclusion 384

References 386

Index 399
Rayees Ahmad Zargar, PhD, is an assistant professor in the Department of Physics, Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, Rajouri, India, and has been associated with the prestigious laboratory CSIR-National Physical Laboratory (CSIR-NPL), New Delhi for 10 years. He has wide expertise in the field of superconductors, manganites, and optical properties of semiconductors. He is an author or co-author of more than 60 research articles as well as three books.

R. A. Zargar, Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, India