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Machine Hallucinations

Architecture and Artificial Intelligence

del Campo, Matias / Leach, Neil (Herausgeber)

Architectural Design

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1. Auflage April 2022
144 Seiten, Softcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-119-74884-7
John Wiley & Sons

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AI is already part of our lives even though we might not realise it. It is in our phones, filtering spam, identifying Facebook friends, and classifying our images on Instagram. It is in our homes in the form of Siri, Alexa and other AI assistants. It is in our cars and our planes. AI is literally everywhere. Artworks generated by AI have won international prizes, and have been sold at auction. But what does AI mean for the world of design?

This issue of AD explores the nature of AI, and considers its potential for architecture. But this is no idle speculation. Architects have already started using AI for architectural design and fabrication. Yet - astonishingly - there has been almost no debate about AI within the discipline of architecture so far. Surely, nothing can be more important for the profession of architecture right now. The issue looks at all aspects of AI: its potential to assist architects in designing buildings so that it becomes a form of 'augmented intelligence'; its capacity to design buildings on its own; and whether AI might open up an extraordinary new chapter in architectural design.

Contributors: Refik Anadol; Daniel Bolojan; Alexa Carlson; Sofia Crespo and Feileacan McCormick; Gabriel Esquivel, Jean Jaminet and Shane Bugni; Behnaz Farahi; Theodoros Galanos and Angelos Chronis; Eduard Haiman; Wanyu He; Damjan Jovanovic and Lidija Kljakovic; Immanuel Koh; Maria Kuptsova; Sandra Manninger; Lev Manovich; Achim Menges and Thomas Wortmann; Wolf dPrix, Karolin Schmidbaur and Efilena Baseta; M Casey Rehm; and Hao Zheng and Masoud Akbarzadeh.

Featured architects: Alisa Andrasek, Coop Himmelb(l)au, Lifeforms.io, Nonstandardstudio,SPAN, Kyle Steinfeld, Studio Kinch and Xkool Technology.

About the 5

Guest-Editors

Matias del Campo and Neil Leach


Introduction 6

Can Machines Hallucinate Architecture?

AI as Design Method

Matias del Campo and Neil Leach


The Legacy Sketch 14

Machine

From Artificial to Architectural Intelligence

Wolf dPrix, Karolin Schmidbaur, Daniel Bolojan and Efilena Baseta


Creative AI 22

Augmenting Design Potency

Daniel Bolojan


Space in the Mind 28

of a Machine

Immersive Narratives

Refik Anadol


Strange, But 38

Familiar Enough

The Design Ecology of Neural Architecture

Matias del Campo and Sandra Manninger


When Robots Dream 46

In Conversation with Alexandra Carlson

Matias del Campo


Augmenting 54

Digital Nature

Generative Art as a Constructive Feedback Loop

Sofia Crespo and Feileacan McCormick


AI and Myths 60

of Creativity

Lev Manovich


Architectural 66

Hallucinations

What Can AI Tell Us About the Mind of an Architect?

Neil Leach


AI-Controlled 72

Robot Masks

Resisting Patriarchal Oppression

Behnaz Farahi


Assembled Worlds 80

New Campo Marzio - Piranesi in the Age of AI

M Casey Rehm and Damjan Jovanovic


Architectural 86

Plasticity

The Aesthetics of Neural Sampling

Immanuel Koh


Synthesising Artificial 94

Intelligence and Physical Performance

Achim Menges and Thomas Wortmann


Sequential Masterplanning 100

Using Urban-GANs

Wanyu He


Time for Change - 108

The InFraRed Revolution

How AI-driven Tools can Reinvent Design for Everyone

Theodoros Galanos and Angelos Chronis


Cyborganic Living 116

Maria Kuptsova


Unleashing New Creativities 122

Matias del Campo and Neil Leach


Endlessskyscraper 124

Eduard Haiman


The Serlio Code 126

Gabriel Esquivel, Jean Jaminet and Shane Bugni


Cloud Pergola 128

Alisa Andrasek


Dream Estate 130

Damjan Jovanovic and Lidija Kljakovic


The Dragonfly Wing Project 132

Hao Zheng and Masoud Akbarzadeh


Artificial Relief 134

Kyle Steinfeld


From Another Perspective 136

Architectural Intelligence

Colloquy of Mobiles Redux

Neil Spiller
Neil Leach is a theorist and registered architect. He is currently Professor at Tongji University, Shanghai, Professor of Digital Design at the European Graduate School, Assistant Professor at FIU and a member of the Academia Europaea. He has been a NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts Fellow, and has also taught at SCI-Arc, AA, Cornell University, Columbia GSAPP, DIA, IaaC, ESARQ, University of Bath, University of Brighton, University of Nottingham and London Consortium. Neil Leach is the editor of 5 books published by Wiley, including the recently published issue of AD, 3D Printed Body Architecture. Overall he has published over 30 books, which have been translated into 7 other languages.

Matias del Campo is a registered architect, designer and educator. He is currently Associate Professor at Taubmann College of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Michigan, where he teaches design studios based on AI. In 2017 his work was shown in a solo exhibition at the Fab Union Gallery in Shanghai China. 2018 SPAN showed an installation at the exhibition "Time Space Existence" in the Palazzo Bembo, together with Francois Roche and Meta Design. Most recently Matias del Campo guest edited an edition of AD, Architectural Design published by Wiley in London, UK. His book "Sublime Bodies", published by Tongji University Press in Shanghai, was launched on March 22nd, 2017. In 2018 Matias del Campo was voted into the board of directors ACADIA, the Association of Computer Aided Design in Architecture.