Wiley-VCH, Berlin Introduction to Continuous Symmetries Cover The new book by Franck Laloe introduces a symmetry-based approach to understand quantum mechanics at.. Product #: 978-3-527-41416-1 Regular price: $92.52 $92.52 Auf Lager

Introduction to Continuous Symmetries

From Space-Time to Quantum Mechanics

Laloe, Franck

Übersetzt von Ostrowsky, Nicole / Ostrowsky, Daniel

Cover

1. Auflage August 2023
576 Seiten, Hardcover
100 Abbildungen
Lehrbuch

ISBN: 978-3-527-41416-1
Wiley-VCH, Berlin

Kurzbeschreibung

The new book by Franck Laloe introduces a symmetry-based approach to understand quantum mechanics at a fundamental level and provides the associated computational techniques to master advanced courses on nuclear physics, quantum optics and solid-state physics.

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In dem neuen Werk von Franck Laloe wird ein symmetriebasierter Ansatz zum grundlegenden Verständnis der Quantenmechanik vorgestellt ? zusammen mit den entsprechenden Rechentechniken, die Studierende höherer Semester in den Bereichen Nuklearphysik, Quantenopik und Festkörperphysik benötigen.

I Symmetry Transformations
A Fundamental Symmetries
B Symmetries in Classical Mechanics C Symmetries in Quantum Mechanics
A_I Euler's and Lagrange's Views in Classical Mechanics
1 Euler's Point of View
2 Lagrange's Point of View

II Notions on Group Theory
A General Properties of Groups
B Linear Representations of a Group
A_II Residual Classes of a Subgroup; Quotient Group
1 Residual Classes on the Left
2 Quotient Group

III Introduction to Continuous Groups and Lie Groups
A General Properties B Examples
C Galileo and Poincaré Groups
A_III Adjoint Representation, Killing Form, Casimir Operator
1 Representation Adjoint to the Lie Algebra
2 Killing Form; Scalar Product and Change of Basis in L
3 Totally Antisymmetric Structure Constants
4 Casimir Operator

IV Representations Induced in the State Space
A Conditions Imposed on Transformations in the State Space
B Wigner's Theorem
C Transformations of Observables
D Linear Representations in the State Space
E Phase Factors and Projective Representations
A_IV Finite-Dimensional Unitary Projective Representations of Related Lie Groups
1 Case Where G is Simply Connected
2 Case Where G is P-Connected
B_IV Uhlhorn-Wigner Theorem
1 Real Space
2 Complex Space

V Representations of the Galileo and Poincaré Groups: Mass, Spin and Energy
A Galileo Group
B Poincaré Group
A_V Some Properties of the Operators S and W_2
1 Operator S
2 Eigenvalues of the Operator W_2
B_V Geometric Displacement Group
1 Reminders: Classical Properties of Displacements
2 Associated Operators in the State Space
C_V Clean Lorentz Group
1 Link with the Group SL(2,C)
2 Small Group Associated with a Four-Vector
3 Operator W_2
D_V Space Reflections (Parity)
1 Action in Real Space
2 Associated Operator in the State Space
3 Retention of Parity

VI Construction of State Spaces and Wave Equations
A Galileo Group, Schrödinger Equation
B Poincaré Group, Klein-Gordon and Dirac Equations
A_VI Lagrangians of Wave Equations
1 Lagrangian of a Field
2 Schrödinger's Equation
3 Klein-Gordon Equation
4 Dirac's Equation

VII Irreducible Representations of the Group of Rotations, Spinors
A Irreducible Unitary Representations of the Group of Rotations
B Spin 1/2 Particles; Spinors
C Composition of the Kinetic Moments
A_VII Homorphism Between SU(2) and Rotation Matrices
1 Transformation of a Vector P Induced by an SU(2) Matrix
2 The Transformation is a Rotation
3 Homomorphism
4 Link to the Reasoning of Chapter VII
5 Link with Bivalent Representations

VIII Transformation of Observables by Rotation
A Vector Operators B Tensor Operators
C Wigner-Eckart Theorem
D Decomposition of the Density Matrix on Tensor Operators
A_VIII Basic Reminders on Classical Tensors
1 Vectors
2 Tensors
3 Properties
4 Tensoriality Criterion
5 Symmetric and Antisymmetric Tensors
6 Special Tensors
7 Irreducible Tensors
B_VIII Second Order Tensor Operators
1 Tensor Product of Two Vector Operators
2 Cartesian Components of the Tensor in the General Case
C_VIII Multipolar Moments
1 Electrical Multipole Moments
2 Magnetic Multipole Moments
3 Multipole Moments of a Quantum System for a Given Kinetic Moment Multiplicity J

IX Groups SU(2) and SU(3)
A System of Discernible but Equivalent Particles
B SU(2) Group and Isospin Symmetry
C Symmetry SU(3)
A_IX the Nature of a Particle Is Equivalent to an Internal Quantum Number
1 Partial or Total Antisymmetrization of a State Vector
2 Correspondence Between the States of Two Physical Systems
3 Physical Consequences
B_IX Operators Changing the Symmetry of a State Vector by Permutation
1 Fermions
2 Bosons

X Symmetry Breaking
A Magnetism, Breaking of the Rotation Symmetry
B Some Other Examples

APPENDIX
I The Reversal of Time
1 Time Reversal in Classical Mechanics
2 Antilinear and Antiunitary Operators in Quantum Mechanics
3 Time Reversal and Antilinearity
4 Explicit Form of the Time Reversal Operator
5 Applications
Franck Laloë is a researcher at the Kastler-Brossel laboratory of the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris. His first assignment was with the University of Paris VI before he was appointed to the CNRS, the French National Research Center. His research is focused on optical pumping, statistical mechanics of quantum gases, musical acoustics and the foundations of quantum mechanics.