John Wiley & Sons Friction Stir Welding and Processing Cover A single source of information on the fundamental concepts and latest research applications of frict.. Product #: 978-1-394-16943-6 Regular price: $126.17 $126.17 In Stock

Friction Stir Welding and Processing

Fundamentals to Advancements

Rathee, Sandeep / Srivastava, Manu / Davim, J. Paulo (Editor)

Cover

1. Edition March 2024
352 Pages, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-394-16943-6
John Wiley & Sons

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A single source of information on the fundamental concepts and latest research applications of friction stir welding and processing

Friction Stir Welding and Processing: Fundamentals to Advancements provides concise yet comprehensive coverage of the field of friction stir welding, with an eye toward future research directions and applications. Throughout the book, case studies provide real-world context and highlight applications for various engineering sectors. With contributions from an array of leaders in the field, Friction Stir Welding and Processing provides readers with a single source of information on all aspects of FSW and FSP.

After explaining the fundamentals of friction stir welding (FSW) and its variants, the book discusses composite fabrication techniques using friction stir processing (FSP). Different types of friction techniques are covered, as is the equipment used. Detailed characterization of samples and composites are included. Additional topics discussed include the impact of FSW on the economics of production, methods for coupling FSW/FSP with additive manufacturing, composite fabrication, and process-property relationships.
* Master the basic concepts of friction stir welding and its variants
* Discover the role of FSW in developing hybrid manufacturing techniques
* Follow case studies that connect theoretical concepts to real-world experimental results
* Learn from contributions from an array of global thought leaders in the field

This is a valuable compendium on the topic for engineers and designers who utilize welding and advanced manufacturing across industries, as well as graduate students and post-graduate researchers who are exploring new friction stir welding applications.

About the Editors xv

List of Contributors xviii

Preface xxv

Acknowledgements xxix

List of Figures xxx

List of Tables xl

1 Friction Stir Welding: An Overview 1
Farooz A. Najar, Shazman Nabi, Sandeep Rathee, and Manu Srivastava

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 FSW Working Principle 2

1.3 Weld Zones 3

1.4 Variants of FSW 4

1.5 Defects 10

1.6 Advantages and Limitations of FSW 11

1.7 Conclusion and Future Prospectus 12

Acknowledgments 12

References 12

2 Friction Stir Welding and Single-Point Incremental Forming: State-of-the-Art 15
Hitesh Mhatre, Amrut Mulay, and Vijay Gadakh

2.1 Introduction 15

2.2 Friction Stir Welding (FSW) 16

2.3 Single-Point Incremental Forming (SPIF) 18

2.4 FSW and SPIF 21

2.5 Summary and Outlook 22

References 23

3 Friction Stir Brazing and Friction Stir Vibration Brazing 25
Behrouz Bagheri and Mahmoud Abbasi

3.1 Introduction to FSB 25

3.2 Variants of FSB 26

3.3 Two Case studies 27

3.4 Application of FSB and Its Variants in Industry 35

3.5 Summary and Future Directions 35

References 36

4 Fundamentals of Friction Stir Processing 39
Atul Kumar, Devasri Fuloria, Manu Srivastava, and Sandeep Rathee

4.1 Friction Stir Processing (FSP): Background 39

4.2 Working Principle of FSP 39

4.3 Comparison with Other Severe Plastic Deformation (SPD) Techniques 42

4.4 Process Variables 43

4.5 Mechanisms of Microstructural Evolution During FSP 48

4.6 Critical Issues in FSP 49

4.7 Future Scope 50

References 51

5 Role of FSP in Surface Engineering 55
Setu Suman and Kazi Sabiruddin

5.1 Introduction 55

5.2 Role of Surface Modification Techniques 56

5.3 Thermal Spray Technique 57

5.4 FSP - Solid-State Coating Process 58

5.5 Process Parameters of FSP: Surface Engineering 60

5.6 Inappropriate Characteristics of Surface Modification 61

5.7 Summary 63

References 64

6 Surface Composite Fabrication Using FSP 67
Baidehish Sahoo, Jinu Paul, and Abhishek Sharma

6.1 Introduction 67

6.2 Reinforcement Incorporation Approaches 68

6.3 Effect of Process Parameters 71

6.4 Microstructural Evolution and Mechanical Properties 75

6.5 Strengthening Mechanisms 80

6.6 Defects 83

6.7 Summary and Future Directions 86

References 86

7 Friction Stir Welding of Dissimilar Metals 93
Narayan Sahadu Khemnar, Yogesh Ramrao Gunjal, Vijay Shivaji Gadakh, and Amrut Shrikant Mulay

7.1 Introduction 93

7.2 Application Areas of Dissimilar Material Joining 94

7.3 Issues for Dissimilar Material Joining 94

7.4 FSW of Dissimilar Materials 95

7.5 Recent Developments in Tool Design and Tool Materials 103

7.6 Parameter Optimization 103

7.7 Common Defects that Occur in FSW of Dissimilar Metal Joining 104

7.8 Future Recommendations for Dissimilar Metal Joining 105

Acknowledgments 105

References 106

8 Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum and Its Alloy 109
Palani Sivaprakasam, Kolar Deepak, Durairaj Raja Joseph, Melaku Desta, Putti Venkata Siva Teja, and Murugan Srinivasan

8.1 Introduction 109

8.2 Fundamentals of FSW 110

8.3 FSW of Aluminum and Its Alloy 110

8.4 Influences of Process Parameters 112

8.5 Testing and Characterization of FSW of Al and Its Alloy 115

8.6 Additive Mixed Friction Stir Process of Al and Its Alloy 118

8.7 Applications 118

8.8 Conclusions 119

References 119

9 Mechanical Characterization of FSWed Joints of Dissimilar Aluminum Alloys of AA 7050 and AA6082 125
Mohd Sajid, Gaurav Kumar, Husain Mehdi, and Mukesh Kumar

9.1 Introduction 125

9.2 Materials and Methods 126

9.3 Results and Discussion 127

References 131

10 Sample Preparation and Microstructural Characterization of Friction Stir Processed Surface Composites 135
Manu Srivastava, Sandeep Rathee, Shazman Nabi, and Atul Kumar

10.1 Introduction 135

10.2 Sample Preparation for Microscopic Analysis of Metals, Alloys, and Composites 136

10.3 Etching 140

10.4 Microstructural Evolution 141

Acknowledgment 146

References 146

11 Microstructural Characterization and Mechanical Testing of FSWed/FSPed Samples 149
Prem Sagar, Sushma Sangwan, and Mohankumar Ashok Kumar

11.1 Introduction 149

11.2 Microstructural Characterization 152

11.3 Mechanical Testing 159

11.4 Conclusions 162

References 162

12 Comparative Analysis of Microstructural and Mechanical Characteristics of Reinforced FSW Welds 165
Tanvir Singh

12.1 Introduction 165

12.2 Friction Stir Welding (FSW) 166

12.3 Reinforcing Materials-Based Fabrication of FSW Welds 167

12.4 Joinability of Reinforced FSW Welds 168

12.5 Metallurgical Characteristics of FSW Reinforced Welds 169

12.6 Mechanical Behavior of Reinforced FSW Welds 179

12.7 Conclusions 184

12.8 Future Challenges 184

References 185

13 Summary of Efforts in Manufacturing of Sandwich Sheets by Various Joining Methods Including Solid-State Joining Method 193
Divya Sachan, R. Ganesh Narayanan, and Arshad N. Siddiquee

13.1 Introduction 193

13.2 Sandwich Sheets 193

13.3 Classification of Sandwich Sheet Structures 194

13.4 Applications 195

13.5 Fabrication Methods 196

13.6 Summary 200

References 201

14 Defects in Friction Stir Welding and its Variant Processes 205
Vinayak Malik and Satish V. Kailas

14.1 Introduction 205

14.2 General Defects in FSW 205

14.3 Characteristic Defects in Friction Stir Butt and Lap Joints 208

14.4 Distinctive Defects in Major Friction Stir Variants 209

14.5 Solutions to Avoid Defects in Friction Stir-Based Processes 212

14.6 Summary and Concluding Remarks 213

Acknowledgment 213

References 213

15 Nondestructive Ultrasonic Inspections, Evaluations, and Monitoring in FSW/FSP 215
Yuqi Jin, Teng Yang, Narendra B. Dahotre, and Tianhao Wang

15.1 Introduction 215

15.2 Ultrasonic Wave Behaviors in FSWed/FSPed Samples 215

15.3 Common Ultrasonic Inspection and Evaluation Methods for FSWed/FSPed Samples 224

15.4 Case Studies on Recent Novel Ultrasound Evaluation and Monitoring in FSW/FSP 234

15.5 Roles and Potentials of Ultrasound in Future FSW/FSP 242

15.6 Conclusion 243

Acknowledgment 243

References 243

16 Applications of Friction Stir Welding 245
Raja Gunasekaran, Velu Kaliyannan Gobinath, Kandasamy Suganeswaran, Nagarajan Nithyavathy, and Shanmugam Arun Kumar

16.1 Introduction 245

16.2 Application of FSW on Different Materials 247

16.3 Industrial Applications of FSW 252

16.4 Conclusion 255

References 256

17 Equipment Used During FSP 259
Kandasamy Suganeswaran, Nagarajan Nithyavathy, Palaniappan Muthukumar, Shanmugam Arunkumar, and Velu Kaliyannan Gobinath

17.1 Introduction 259

17.2 FSP Experimental Setup 264

17.3 Microstructural Characterization 267

17.4 Mechanical Behavior of Composites Based on Various Tool Shapes 271

17.5 Mechanical behavior of Composites Based on Various Process Parameters 272

17.6 Conclusion 273

References 273

18 Analysis of Friction Stir Welding Tool Using Various Threaded Pin Profiles: A Case Study 275
Bommana B. Abhignya, Ashish Yadav, Manu Srivastava, and Sandeep Rathee

18.1 Introduction 275

18.2 Geometry Considered 277

18.3 Results and Discussions - Analysis in ANSYS 278

18.4 Conclusion 279

Acknowledgement 281

References 281

19 Static Structural and Thermal Analysis of Honeycomb Structure Fabricated by Friction Stir Processing Route: A Case Study 283
Nikhil Jaiswal, Umashankar Bharti, Ashish Yadav, Manu Srivastava, and Sandeep Rathee

19.1 Introduction 283

19.2 Modeling Details 284

19.3 Result and Analysis 286

19.4 Scope of the Case Study 290

19.5 Conclusion 291

Acknowledgement 292

References 292

20 Friction Stir-Based Additive Manufacturing 293
Ardula G. Rao and Neelam Meena

20.1 Additive Manufacturing: An Introduction 293

20.2 Solid-State AM Processes 295

20.3 Case Studies of FSAM on Different Materials 299

20.4 Advantages of FSAM Over Other AM Techniques 300

20.5 Advancements 301

20.6 Limitations 302

20.7 Conclusions and Future prospectives 303

References 303

Index 307
Sandeep Rathee, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the National Institute of Technology, Srinagar, India. His research interests include friction stir welding/processing, additive manufacturing, composites, and hybrid manufacturing.

Manu Srivastava, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the PDPM Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur, India. Her research interests include additive manufacturing, friction-based AM, friction stir processing, advanced materials, manufacturing practices, and optimization techniques.

J. Paulo Davim, PhD, is a Professor at the University of Aveiro, Portugal and a Fellow (FIET) of the Institution of Engineering and Technology, UK. His research interests include advanced manufacturing methods and materials.

S. Rathee, National Institute of Technology, Srinagar, India; M. Srivastava, Indian Institute of Technology, Jaipur; J. P. Davim, University of Aveiro, Portugal