John Wiley & Sons Biogeography in the Sub-Arctic Cover There is no escaping the fact that the island biogeography of the North Atlantic Region is singularl.. Product #: 978-1-118-56147-8 Regular price: $85.89 $85.89 In Stock

Biogeography in the Sub-Arctic

The Past and Future of North Atlantic Biotas

Panagiotakopulu, Eva / Sadler, Jon P. (Editor)


1. Edition June 2021
400 Pages, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-118-56147-8
John Wiley & Sons

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There is no escaping the fact that the island biogeography of the North Atlantic Region is singularly peculiar. Sitting in the north of the Atlantic Ocean, these islands have been subjected to largescale shifts in climate over the last few million years, unlike the other island groups further south which were likely more buffered from the vicissitudes of Quaternary climate changes. Uniquely for a group of islands there is only one documented extinction in the North Atlantic (the Great Auk), and those in the insects are local events relating to species that are distributed throughout the Palaearctic region. Over half the insect species in Iceland and Greenland are introduced. The faunas, excluding Greenland, are predominantly of Palaearctic origin and have close affinities with the faunas of Scandinavia and the British Isles and. These unique physical and biological characteristics have interested biologists and biogeographers for centuries.

The key debates concerning the biogeography of the North Atlantic islands still rumble on: Do the biota reflect cryptic refugia or otherwise, or tabula rasa and recolonization? How important were human communities in shaping the existing biota and biogeographical patterns? Throw into this mix current concerns over global warming, and we can now ask, how resilient is the biota to change, either natural or anthropogenic? This volume draws together a range of researchers with longstanding research interests in the region, from diverse academic backgrounds, to evaluate some of these questions.

List of Contributors vii

Introduction xi
Jon P. Sadler and Eva Panagiotakopulu

Section I: Remote Origins 1

1 The Opening of the North Atlantic 3
Brian G. J. Upton

2 Cenozoic Vegetation and Phytogeography of the Sub-arctic North Atlantic 29
Fri?geir Grímsson, Thomas Denk and Reinhard Zetter

3 Interglacial Biotas from the North Atlantic Islands 51
Ole Bennike and Jens Böcher

Section II: Origins of the Present Biota 83

4 Origin and Dispersal of the North Atlantic Vascular Plant Floras 85
Christian Brochmann and Inger G. Alsos

5 The Aquatic Fauna of the North Atlantic Islands with Emphasis on Iceland 103
Gísli Már Gíslason

6 The Vascular Floras of High-Latitude Islands with Special Reference to Iceland 113
Thóra Ellen Thórhallsdóttir

7 Quaternary Vertebrates from the North Atlantic Islands 147
Ole Bennike and Bernd Wagner

8 North Atlantic Insect Faunas, Fossils and Pitfalls 161
Eva Panagiotakopulu

Section III: Human Impact 185

9 Landnám and the North Atlantic Flora 187
Kevin J. Edwards, Egill Erlendsson and J. Edward Schofield

10 Origin of the Northeast Atlantic Islands Bird Fauna: Scenarios of Ecosystem Development 215
Aevar Petersen and Bergur Olsen

11 Human Impact on North Atlantic Biota: Farming and Farm Animals, Fishing, Sealing and Whaling 251
Ingrid Mainland and Jennifer Harland

Section IV: Conservation in a Warming World 273

12 A Fleet of Silver: Local Knowledge Perceptions of Sea Ice from Iceland and Labrador/Nunatsiavut 275
Astrid E. J. Ogilvie, Brian T. Hill and Gaston R. Demarée

13 Biodiversity Conservation in the Faroe Islands Under Changing Climate and Land Use 293
Anna Maria Fosaa

14 Biodiversity Conservation in Iceland Under Changing Climate 303
Erlingur Hauksson

15 The Natural Environment and Its Biodiversity in Greenland During the Present Climate Change 339
Ib Johnsen and Henning Heide-Jørgensen

Index 359
About the Editors

Eva Panagiotakopulu is a palaeoecologist who specialises on Quaternary fossil insects and has worked on biogeography, climate change and human impact from sites ranging from the North Atlantic to North Africa. She has a particular interest in islands and human impact.

Jon P. Sadler is a biogeographer and ecologist whose research focuses on species population and assemblage dynamics in animals (sometimes plants). His work is highly interdisciplinary, bisecting biogeography, ecology, urban design, riparian management and island biogeography.

E. Panagiotakopulu, University of Edinburgh, UK; J. P. Sadler, University of Birmingham, UK