Amino Acids and Proteins in Fossil Biominerals
An Introduction for Archaeologists and Palaeontologists
Analytical Methods in Earth and Environmental Science
1. Edition July 2020
144 Pages, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd
AMINO ACIDS AND PROTEINS IN FOSSIL BIOMINERALS
An essential cross-disciplinary guide to the proteins that form biominerals and that are preserved in the fossil record??
Amino Acids and Proteins in Fossil Biominerals is an authoritative guide to the patterns of survival and degradation of ancient biomolecules in the fossil record. The author brings together new research in biomineralization and ancient proteins to describe mechanisms of protein diagenesis.
The book draws on the author's experiences as well as current information from three research fields: geochemistry, archaeology and Quaternary sciences. The author examines the history of the study of ancient proteins, from the dating of Quaternary biominerals to the present advances in shotgun proteomics, and discusses their applications across archaeology, geology and evolutionary biology.
This important guide:??
* Explores the main components of biominerals
* Describes the breakdown of proteins in fossils
* Reviews the applications of ancient protein studies
Written for students and researchers of biomolecular archaeology and palaeontology, Amino Acids and Proteins in Fossil Biominerals provides a cross-disciplinary guide to the proteins responsible for the formation of biominerals and to the survival of biomolecules in the archaeological and palaeontological record.
This book forms one volume of the popular New Analytical Methods in Earth and Environmental Science Series.
1 Biominerals and the Fossil Record 1
Why Study Old Biominerals? 1
What are Biominerals? 4
How and Why are Biominerals Formed? 5
'Biomineralization Toolkit': From Proteins to Proteomes 8
Fossil Biominerals, Fossil Proteomes 12
2 Mechanisms of Degradation and Survival 23
Decomposition and Other Diagenesis-induced Modifications 35
3 Proteins in Fossil Biominerals 43
Bone and Other Collagen-based Hard Tissues 43
Mollusc Shell 51
Other Substrates 57
4 Chiral Amino Acids: Geochronology and Other Applications 71
Dating the Quaternary (Pleistocene and Holocene) 71
Principles of AAR Dating 76
Measuring D/L Values 78
Factors Affecting D/L Values 82
Testing the Suitability of Biominerals for Geochemical Analyses 98
Taxonomic Identification 99
Appendix: Practical Tips on How to Plan and Conduct an AAR Study 100
5 Ancient Protein Sequences 113
Ancient Protein Analysis by Mass Spectrometry 113
Ancient Proteins: Past and Future 120