John Wiley & Sons Bioethics Cover The new edition of the classic collection of key readings in bioethics, fully updated to reflect the.. Product #: 978-1-119-63511-6 Regular price: $55.98 $55.98 In Stock

Bioethics

An Anthology

Schüklenk, Udo / Singer, Peter (Editor)

Blackwell Philosophy Anthologies

Cover

4. Edition September 2021
944 Pages, Softcover
Professional Book

ISBN: 978-1-119-63511-6
John Wiley & Sons

Buy now

Price: 59,90 €

Price incl. VAT, excl. Shipping

Further versions

epubmobipdf

The new edition of the classic collection of key readings in bioethics, fully updated to reflect the latest developments and main issues in the field

For more than two decades, Bioethics: An Anthology has been widely regarded as the definitive single-volume compendium of seminal readings on both traditional and cutting-edge ethical issues in biology and medicine. Acclaimed for its scope and depth of coverage, this landmark work brings together compelling writings by internationally-renowned bioethicist to help readers develop a thorough understanding of the central ideas, critical issues, and current debate in the field.

Now fully revised and updated, the fourth edition contains a wealth of new content on ethical questions and controversies related to the COVID-19 pandemic, advances in CRISPR gene editing technology, physician-assisted death, public health and vaccinations, transgender children, medical aid in dying, the morality of ending the lives of newborns, and much more. Throughout the new edition, carefully selected essays explore a wide range of topics and offer diverse perspectives that underscore the interdisciplinary nature of bioethical study. Edited by two of the field's most respected scholars, Bioethics: An Anthology:
* Covers an unparalleled range of thematically-organized topics in a single volume
* Discusses recent high-profile cases, debates, and ethical issues
* Features three brand-new sections: Conscientious Objection, Academic Freedom and Research, and Disability
* Contains new essays on topics such as brain death, life and death decisions for the critically ill, experiments on humans and animals, neuroethics, and the use of drugs to ease the pain of unrequited love
* Includes a detailed index that allows the reader to easily find terms and topics of interest

Bioethics: An Anthology, Fourth Edition remains a must-have resource for all students, lecturers, and researchers studying the ethical implications of the health-related life sciences, and an invaluable reference for doctors, nurses, and other professionals working in health care and the biomedical sciences.

Acknowledgements


Introduction


Part I Abortion


Introduction


1. Abortion and Infanticide - Michael Tooley


2. A Defense of Abortion - Judith Jarvis Thomson


3. The Wrong of Abortion - Patrick Lee and Robert George


4. Why Abortion is Immoral - Don Marquis


Part II Issues in Reproduction


Introduction


Assisted Reproduction


5. Multiple Gestation and Damaged Babies: God's Will or Human Choice? - Greg Pence


6. The Meaning of Synthetic Gametes for Gay and Lesbian People and Bioethics too - Timothy Murphy


7. Rights, Interests and Possible People - Derek Parfit


Prenatal Screening, Sex Selection and Cloning


8. Genetics and Reproductive Risk: Can Having Children Be Immoral? - Laura M. Purdy


9 Sex Selection and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis - The Ethics Committee of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine


10. Sex Selection and Preimplantation Diagnosis: A Response to the Ethics Committee of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine - Julian Savulescu and Edgar Dahl


11. Why We Should Not Permit Embryos to be Selected as Tissue Donors - David King


12. The Moral Status of Human Cloning: Neo-Lockean Persons versus Human Embryos - Michael Tooley


Part III Genetic Manipulation


Introduction


13. Questions About Some Uses of Genetic Engineering - Jonathan Glover


14. The Moral Significance of the Therapy-Enhancement Distinction in Human Genetics - David B. Resnik


15. In Defense of Posthuman Dignity - Nick Bostrom


16. Statement on NIH funding of research using gene-editing technologies in human embryos - Francis Collins


17. Genome editing and assisted reproduction: curing embryos, society or prospective parents - Giulia Cavaliere


18. Who's afraid of the big bad (germline editing) wolf? - R. Alta Charo


19. An ethical pathway for gene editing - Julian Savulescu & Peter Singer



Part IV Life and Death Issues


Introduction


20. The Sanctity of Life - Jonathan Glover


21. Declaration on Euthanasia - Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith


Killing and Letting Die


22. Active and Passive Euthanasia - James Rachels


23. The Morality of Killing: A Traditional View - Germain Grisez and Joseph M. Boyle, Jr.


24. Is Killing No Worse Than Letting Die? - Winston Nesbitt


25. Why Killing Is Not Always Worse Than Letting Die - Helga Kuhse


26. Moral Fiction and Medical Ethics - Franklin Miller, Robert Truog, and Dan Brock


Newborns



27. Can a Physician Ever Justifiably Euthanize a Severely Disabled Newborn? - Robert M. Sade


28. No to infant euthanasia - Gilbert Meilaender


29. Physicians can justifiably euthanize certain severely impaired neonates - Udo Schüklenk


30. You Should not have let your baby die - Gary Comstock


31. After-Birth Abortion: Why Should the Baby Live? - Alberto Giubilini and Francesca Minerva


32. Does a human being gain the right to live after he or she is born? - Christopher Kaczor


33. Hard Lessons: Learning from the Charlie Gard Case - Dominic Wilkinson and Julian Savulescu

Brain Death


34. A Definition of Irreversible Coma - Report of the Ad Hoc Committee of the Harvard Medical School to Examine the Definition of Brain Death


35. The Challenge of Brain Death for the Sanctity of Life Ethic - Peter Singer

36. The Philosophical Debate - The President's Council on Bioethics


37. An Alternative to Brain Death - Jeff McMahan


Advance Directives


38. Life Past Reason - Ronald Dworkin


39. Dworkin on Dementia: Elegant Theory, Questionable Policy - Rebecca Dresser


Voluntary Euthanasia and Medically Assisted Suicide


40. The Note - Chris Hill


41. When Self-Determination Runs Amok - Daniel Callahan


42. When Abstract Moralizing Runs Amok - John Lachs


43. Physician-assisted death and severe, treatment-resistant depression - Bonnie Steinbock


44. Are Concerns about Irremediableness, Vulnerability, or Competence Sufficient to Justify Excluding All Psychiatric Patients from Medical Aid in Dying? - William Rooney, Udo Schüklenk, and Suzanne van de Vathorst


Part V: Resource Allocation


Introduction


45. In a Pandemic, Should We Save Younger Lives? - Peter Singer, Lucy Winkett



46. The Value of Life - John Harris


47. Bubbles under the Wallpaper: Healthcare Rationing and Discrimination - Nick Beckstead and Toby Ord


48. Rescuing Lives: Can't We Count? - Paul T. Menzel


49. Should Alcoholics Compete Equally for Liver Transplantation? - Alvin H. Moss and Mark Siegler





Part VI: Obtaining Organs


Introduction


50. Organ Donation and Retrieval: Whose Body is it Anyway? - Eike-Henner Kluge


51. The Case for Allowing Kidney Sales - Janet Radcliffe-Richards, A. S. Daar, R. D. Guttmann, R. Hoffenberg, I. Kennedy, M. Lock, R. A. Sells and N. Tilney and for the International Forum Transplant Ethics


52. Ethical Issues in the Supply And Demand of Kidneys - Debra Satz


53. The Survival Lottery - John Harris




Part VII: Ethical Issues in Research


Introduction


Experimentation with Humans


54. Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research - National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research


55. Scientific Research is a Moral Duty - John Harris


56. Participation in Biomedical Research is an Imperfect Moral Duty: A Response to John Harris - Sandra Shapshay and Kenneth D. Pimple


57. Unethical Trials of Interventions to Reduce Perinatal Transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Developing Countries - Peter Lurie and Sidney M. Wolfe


58. We're Trying to Help Our Sickest People, Not Exploit Them - Danstan Bagenda and Philippa Musoke-Mudido


59. Pandemic Ethics: The Case for Risky Research - Peter Singer and Richard Yetter Chappell




Experimentation with Animals


60. Duties Towards Animals - Immanuel Kant


61. A Utilitarian View - Jeremy Bentham


62. Harmful, Nontherapeutic Use of Animals in Research is Morally Wrong - Nathan Nobis


63. Use of Nonhuman Animals in Biomedical Research - Dario L. Ringach


64. Ethical Issues when Modelling Brain Disorders in Non-Human Primates - Carolyn P. Neuhaus


Academic Freedom and Research


65. On Liberty - John Stuart Mill


66. Should Some Knowledge Be Forbidden?: The Case of Cognitive Differences Research - Janet A. Kourany


67. Academic Freedom and Race: You Ought Not to Believe What You Think May Be True - James R. Flynn



Part VIII: Public Health Issues


Introduction


68. Ethics and Infectious Diseases - Michael J. Selgelid


69. XDR-TB in South Africa: No Time for Denial or Complacency - Jerome Amir Singh, Ross Upshur, Nesri Padayatchi


70. Clinical Ethics during the Covid-19 Pandemic: Missing the Trees for the Forest - Vijayaprasad Gopichandran


71. The Moral Obligation to be Vaccinated: Utilitarianism, Contractualism and Collective Easy Rescue - Alberto Giubilini, Thomas Douglas, and Julian Savulescu


72. Taking Responsibility for Responsibility - Neil Levy


Part IX: Ethical Issues in the Practice of Healthcare


Introduction


When do doctors have a duty to treat?


73. What Healthcare Professionals Owe Us: Why Their Duty to Treat During a Pandemic is Contingent on Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) - Udo Schüklenk


74. Conscientious Objection in Health Care - Mark R. Wicclair


75. Conscientious Objection in Medicine: Accommodation versus Professionalism and the Public Good - Udo Schüklenk


Confidentiality


76. Confidentiality in Medicine: A Decrepit Concept - Mark Siegler


77. A Defense of Unqualified Medical Confidentiality - Kenneth Kipnis


Truth-Telling


78. On a Supposed Right to Lie from Altruistic Motives - Immanuel Kant


79. Should Doctors Tell the Truth? - Joseph Collins


80. On Telling Patients the Truth - Roger Higgs


Informed Consent and Patient Autonomy


81. On Liberty - John Stuart Mill


82. From 'Schloendorff v. New York Hospital' - Justice Benjamin N. Cardozo


83. Informed Consent: Its History, Meaning, and Present Challenges - Tom L.Beauchamp


84. The Doctor-Patient Relationship in Different Cultures - Ruth Macklin


85. Transgender Children and the Right to Transition: Medical Ethics when Parents Mean Well but Cause Harm - Maria Priest


86. Amputees by Choice - Carl Elliott


87. Rational Desires and the Limitations of Life-Sustaining Treatment - Julian Savulescu



Part X Disability


88. Valuing Disability, Causing Disability - Elizabeth Barnes


89. Is Disability Mere Difference? - Greg Bognar


90. Prenatal Diagnosis and Selective Abortion: A Challenge to Practice and Policy - Adrienne Asch


91. Down Syndrome Screening Isn't about Public Health: It's about Eliminating a Group of People - Renate Lindeman

92. I Would've Aborted a Fetus with Down Syndrome: Women Need that Right - Ruth Marcus


Part XI: Neuroethics


Introduction


93. Neuroethics: Ethics and the Sciences of the Mind - Neil Levy


94. Engineering Love - Julian Savulescu and Anders Sandberg


95. Unrequited Love Hurts: Should Doctors Treat Broken Hearts? - Francesca Minerva


96. Stimulating Brains, Altering Minds - Walter Glannon


97. Authenticity or Autonomy? When Deep Brain Stimulation Causes a Dilemma - Felicitas Kraemer


98 . On the Necessity of Ethical Guidelines for Novel Neurotechnologies - Sara Goering and Rafael Yuste

Index
UDO SCHÜKLENK is Ontario Research Chair in Bioethics and Public Policy, Queen's University at Kingston, Ontario, Canada. He has held academic appointments in Australia, the UK, and South Africa, and is a long-serving Joint Editor-in-Chief of the journal Bioethics, the official publication of the International Association of Bioethics.

PETER SINGER is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics, Princeton University, USA. He is best known as the author of Animal Liberation, widely considered to be the founding statement of the animal rights movement, and for his role in inspiring the growth of effective altruism.

P. Singer, Princeton University