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Innovation Economics, Engineering and Management Handbook 1

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Uzunidis, Dimitri / Kasmi, Fedoua / Adatto, Laurent (Editor)

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1. Edition September 2021
464 Pages, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-78630-456-8
John Wiley & Sons

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Innovation, in economic activity, in managerial concepts and in engineering design, results from creative activities, entrepreneurial strategies and the business climate. Innovation leads to technological, organizational and commercial changes, due to the relationships between enterprises, public institutions and civil society organizations. These innovation networks create new knowledge and contribute to the dissemination of new socio-economic and technological models, through new production and marketing methods.

Innovation Economics, Engineering and Management Handbook 1 is the first of the two volumes that comprise this book. The main objectives across both volumes are to study the innovation processes in today?s information and knowledge society; to analyze how links between research and business have intensified; and to discuss the methods by which innovation emerges and is managed by firms, not only from a local perspective but also a global one.

The studies presented in these two volumes contribute toward an understanding of the systemic nature of innovations and enable reflection on their potential applications, in order to think about the meaning of growth and prosperity.

Introduction xix
Dimitri UZUNIDIS and Fedoua KASMI

Chapter 1. Economy - Innovation Economics and the Dynamics of Interactions 1
Sophie BOUTILLIER, Vanessa CASADELLA and Blandine LAPERCHE

1.1. Introduction 1

1.2. The definition of innovation and the primacy of J.A. Schumpeter's work 2

1.3. How can we measure innovation, in all its forms? 6

1.4. From the entrepreneur to the multiple actors of innovation 10

1.5. Innovation policies and the innovation system 14

1.6. Conclusion 18

1.7. References 19

Chapter 2. Management - Managing Innovation According to Space, Time and Matter 25
Bérangère L. SZOSTAK, Michael E. LAVIOLETTE and Thierry BURGER-HELMCHEN

2.1. Introduction 25

2.2. Managing innovation: a question of space 27

2.2.1. Delimiting and/or expanding organizational spaces 28

2.2.2. Developing links within and outside the spaces 30

2.3. Managing innovation: a matter of time 32

2.3.1. The innovation process, a long-term process 32

2.3.2. Managing innovation means managing the time for decisions 34

2.4. Managing innovation: a question of matter 35

2.4.1. The appropriation of innovation by consumers 35

2.4.2. Appropriation of innovation by the members of the organization 37

2.4.3. Capturing the value of innovation 38

2.5. Conclusion 39

2.6. References 40

Chapter 3. Agriculture - Agricultural and Food Innovations and Agro-ecological Transition 47
Ludovic TEMPLE

3.1. Introduction 47

3.2. Two centuries of agricultural revolution without "innovation" 47

3.3. The green revolutions driven by linear and technological innovation design 48

3.4. The notion of innovation in the face of agricultural and food transitions 49

3.5. Sector specificities of innovation in agriculture and food 50

3.6. Conclusion 51

3.7. References 52

Chapter 4. Anthropology - Anthropological Aspects of Innovation: Defining Benchmarks 55
Dominique DESJEUX

4.1. Introduction 55

4.2. Innovation, a total social phenomenon, between invention, diffusion and reception 56

4.3. The force of constraints or innovation as a process of insertion in a field of contradictory forces 58

4.4. Conclusion 59

4.5. References 60

Chapter 5. Business - Business Creation and Innovative Entrepreneurial Ecosystems 61
Sophie BOUTILLIER

5.1. The company, the territory and the ecosystem 62

5.2. From the business ecosystem to the entrepreneurial ecosystem: polymorphous innovation dynamics? 63

5.3. References 66

Chapter 6. Capacity - Innovation Capacities and Learning Dynamics 69
Vanessa CASADELLA

6.1. Introduction 69

6.2. Learning and innovation capacities 70

6.3. The diversity of innovation capacities 70

6.4. Capacities, innovation system and competency building 72

6.5. Conclusion 73

6.6. References 73

Chapter 7. Capital - Knowledge Capital and Innovation: Production and Use of Knowledge in Companies 75
Blandine LAPERCHE

7.1. Introduction 75

7.2. Knowledge capital: toward an understanding of the innovation process 76

7.3. Knowledge capital, tangible and intangible assets 77

7.4. Knowledge capital and knowledge management within organizations 77

7.5. Knowledge capital and open innovation 80

7.6. Conclusion 82

7.7. References 82

Chapter 8. Cluster - Innovative Cluster: Geographical and "Virtual" Proximity in the Digital Era 85
Elisa SALVADOR

8.1. Introduction 85

8.2. Innovative clusters: the matter of geographical and "virtual" proximity 86

8.3. Innovative clusters and the Internet and information and communication technologies revolution 87

8.4. Conclusion 88

8.5. References 89

Chapter 9. Collaboration - Collaborative and Open Innovation in Highly Competitive Contexts 91
Camille AOUINAÏT

9.1. Introduction 91

9.2. Literature review 93

9.2.1. History 93

9.3. Collaborative innovation and innovation ecosystems 94

9.4. Open innovation versus closed innovation 96

9.5. Conclusion 98

9.6. References 98

Chapter 10. Creativity - Creativity for Innovation: A Mutually Advantageous Relationship 101
Raphaël BARY

10.1. Introduction 101

10.2. Increasingly "creative" representations of innovation 101

10.3. Impacts on creativity of its integration in the field of innovation 103

10.4. The same shared complexity 104

10.5. References 105

Chapter 11. Cycles - The Long Cycles of the Economy and the Question of Innovation 107
Dimitri UZUNIDIS

11.1. Introduction 107

11.2. The conditions for cyclical economic development: the key role of innovation 108

11.3. Historical time and periodization of the economy 110

11.4. Conclusion 113

11.5. References 113

Chapter 12. Design - Innovative Design: The Importance of a Methodical Approach 115
Joëlle FOREST

12.1. Introduction 115

12.2. What methods should be used to cultivate disruptive innovation in the 21st century? 116

12.3. Conclusion 121

12.4. References 122

Chapter 13. Diffusion - Diffusion and Adoption Behavior of Innovations 123
Marc BAUDRY

13.1. Introduction 123

13.2. The epidemiological approach 124

13.3. The discrete choice approach 125

13.4. Public dissemination policies 126

13.5. Some extensions of the analysis: multiplicity of innovations and institutional framework 127

13.6. Conclusion 128

13.7. References 128

Chapter 14. Disruption - Disruptive Innovation and the Evolution of Competitive Relationships 131
Giovanni ZAZZERINI

14.1. Introduction 131

14.2. The disruptive innovation model 132

14.3. The innovator's dilemma 134

14.4. References 135

Chapter 15. Ecosystem - Innovation Ecosystem: Generativity, Resilience and Power of Attraction 137
Patrick COHENDET

15.1. Introduction 137

15.2. Theoretical approaches of an innovation ecosystem 138

15.3. Main features of innovation ecosystems 139

15.4. Conclusion 140

15.5. References 141

Chapter 16. Entrepreneur - The Innovative Entrepreneur as an Actor of Economic Change 143
Sophie BOUTILLIER

16.1. Introduction 143

16.2. The entrepreneur as an actor of change 144

16.3. The evolution of the function of the innovative entrepreneur 146

16.4. References 148

Chapter 17. Financing - Financing R&D and Innovation 151
Béatrice DUMONT

17.1. Introduction 151

17.2. Information asymmetries and sources of funding 152

17.3. Reasons for funding reluctance 153

17.4. Public intervention in finance innovation 154

17.5. Venture capital 155

17.6. Conclusion 156

17.7. References 156

Chapter 18. Frugality - Frugal Innovation as Inclusive Innovation 159
Christian LE BAS and Sana KHAN

18.1. Introduction 159

18.2. Frugal innovation as a new technological paradigm 159

18.3. Case studies 160

18.4. Frugal innovation and similar approaches 161

18.5. Frugal innovation as an environmental innovation 162

18.6. Frugal innovation and sustainability 163

18.7. Drivers of frugal innovation: demand-pull and competition effects 164

18.8. Conclusion 164

18.9. References 165

Chapter 19. Future - The Future of Innovative Technologies: Between Imagination and Technological Ideology 167
Thomas MICHAUD

19.1. Introduction 167

19.2. A paradigmatic convergence 168

19.3. Technological revolution: the imagined future 169

19.4. Conclusion 171

19.5. References 172

Chapter 20. Hybridization - Hybridization of Tech-Push and Market-Pull Approaches in Innovation Processes 173
Florin PAUN

20.1. Introduction 173

20.2. Definitions of Tech-Push and Market-Pull in the implementation of innovation processes 174

20.3. The nine demand readiness level (DRL) stages 175

20.4. Hybridization and agility of innovation processes 176

20.5. DRL-TRL and its applications to the hybridization dynamics of the Tech Push and Market Pull approaches 178

20.6. Impacts of DRL-TRL 179

20.7. Conclusion 180

20.8. References 180

Chapter 21. Incentives - Incentives for Innovation: Diversity and Public-Private Combinations 183
Babacar NDIAYE

21.1. Introduction 183

21.2. The incentive for innovation and its forms 184

21.3. Diversity of applications of incentive forms 185

21.4. Conclusion 186

21.5. References 187

Chapter 22. Indicators - The Complexity of Innovation Indicators 189
Slim THABET

22.1. Introduction 189

22.2. Presentation of innovation indicators: input and output approach 190

22.3. Main limitations of innovation indicators 192

22.4. Conclusion 193

22.5. References 194

Chapter 23. Information - Information for Innovation: Strategic, Competitive and Technological Intelligence 195
Stéphane GORIA

23.1. Introduction 195

23.2. The monitoring concept 195

23.3. "Traditional" monitoring and innovation 196

23.4. The search for information and innovation 197

23.5. Creative monitoring 198

23.6. Strategic innovation monitoring 199

23.7. Conclusion 200

23.8. References 200

Chapter 24. Invention - Shared Inventions and Competitive Innovations 201
Michel VIGEZZI

24.1. Introduction 201

24.2. From invention sharing to shared invention 202

24.3. From innovation to competitive innovation 204

24.4. From societal dynamics to the links between shared inventions and competitive nnovations 205

24.5. References 207

Chapter 25. Knowledge - Knowledge Management in Learning Innovative Organizations 209
Marcos LIMA

25.1. Introduction 209

25.2. Knowledge and management 210

25.3. History of KM frameworks 211

25.4. Key KM concepts 212

25.4.1. Learning organizations 212

25.4.2. Knowledge management strategies 213

25.4.3. Knowledge management tools 214

25.5. Conclusion: perspectives for KM 214

25.6. References 215

Chapter 26. Location - Local Innovation Issues and Priorities for Public Intervention 217
Cheikh Abdou Lahad THIAW

26.1. Introduction 217

26.2. Innovation policies adapted to territories 218

xii Innovation Economics, Engineering and Management Handbook 1

26.3. The territorialized priority of innovation 221

26.4. Conclusion 221

26.5. References 222

Chapter 27. Market - Market Innovation: Opening and Controlling New Markets 225
Béatrice SIADOU-MARTIN

27.1. Introduction 225

27.2. Factors that foster business innovation 226

27.3. The multifaceted nature of business innovation 228

27.4. Conclusion 230

27.5. References 230

Chapter 28. Model - Business Models for Innovation Strategies 233
Marcos LIMA

28.1. Introduction 233

28.2. A brief history of the evolution of business models 234

28.3. Types of business model innovation 236

28.4. Business model design versus business model reconfiguration 237

28.5. Business model inertia 238

28.6. BMI and competitive advantage 239

28.7. Conclusion: perspectives in BMI research 240

28.8. References 240

Chapter 29. Network - Networks and Development of Innovation Processes 243
Delphine GALLAUD

29.1. Introduction 243

29.2. Knowledge, learning and innovation network 244

29.3. Local innovation networks 246

29.4. Conclusion 247

29.5. References 249

Chapter 30. Organization - Modern Innovative Organizational Structures 251
Angelo BONOMI

30.1. Introduction 251

30.2. Organizational structures for innovation 252

30.2.1. Industrially financed R&D project system 252

30.2.2. Start-up-venture capital system 253

30.2.3. Industrial platform system 254

30.2.4. Comparison of the various organizational structures 255

30.3. Perspectives 256

30.4. References 256

Chapter 31. Paradigm - The Techno-scientific Paradigm: The Ethical Control of the Technological Progress 259
Thomas MICHAUD

31.1. Introduction 259

31.2. The controversial techno-scientific gigantism 260

31.3. Technocracy and technicism 261

31.4. Technosciences and innovation in debate 262

31.5. Conclusion 263

31.6. References 264

Chapter 32. Pattern - Linear, Interactive and Hybrid Patterns of Innovation 265
Blandine LAPERCHE

32.1. Introduction 265

32.2. The linear model of innovation 266

32.3. Towards interactive models 268

32.4. Hybridization of linear and interactive models of innovation 270

32.5. Conclusion 272

32.6. References 273

Chapter 33. Persistence - The Economic Analysis of Persistent Innovation 275
Christian LE BAS

33.1. Introduction 275

33.2. Persistent innovation: definition 275

33.3. Why is the notion of innovation persistence debatable? 277

33.4. Measurement of the phenomenon 277

33.5. Explanatory frameworks 278

33.6. Innovation persistence and the significance of economic evolution: path and past dependence 279

33.7. Conclusion 279

33.8. References 280

Chapter 34. Policy - Reinventing Innovation: From Criticisms of the Traditional Paradigm to Policy Transformation 281
Pierre-Benoit JOLY

34.1. Introduction 281

34.2. Criticisms of the central innovation paradigm 282

34.3. Transformations of innovation policies: directionality and social innovation 283

34.4. Conclusion 285

34.5. References 286

Chapter 35. Property - Intellectual Property and Innovation 287
Béatrice DUMONT

35.1. Introduction 287

35.2. IPRs: some imperfect but unmatched mechanisms 288

35.3. The multidimensional impact of protection on innovation 289

35.4. The new roles of IPRs 290

35.5. Conclusion 291

35.6. References 292

Chapter 36. Proximity - Impacts of Geographic, Organizational and Cognitive Proximities on Innovation 293
Damien TALBOT

36.1. Introduction 293

36.2. A geographical proximity that plays favorably on innovation, without being indispensable 294

36.3. Other proximities have both positive and negative effects on innovation 295

36.4. Conclusion 297

36.5. References 298

Chapter 37. Responsibility - Responsible Innovation in Corporate Strategy and Public Policy 299
Leïla TEMRI

37.1. Introduction 299

37.2. Responsible research and innovation policy 299

37.2.1. The responsibility of researchers and innovators in science and technology 300

37.2.2. Technological assessment: from autonomous technology to the social construction of techniques 300

37.2.3. Responsible research and innovation in policy 301

37.3. Responsible innovation in companies 302

37.4. Conclusion 304

37.5. References 304

Chapter 38. Revolution - Innovations and Industrial Revolution 307
Cédric PERRIN

38.1. Introduction 307

38.2. From the technical revolution to the industrial revolution: what is the history? 307

38.3. The discontinuous diffusion of innovations in the face of the techniques in use 309

38.4. When the context stimulates innovation 311

38.5. Conclusion 311

38.6. References 312

Chapter 39. Services - Defining Service Innovation 313
Céline MERLIN-BROGNIART

39.1. Introduction 313

39.2. From the specificities of services to the definitions of service innovation 314

39.3. Typologies and theoretical variations of service innovation 315

39.4. Conclusion 317

39.5. References 318

Chapter 40. Social - Social Economy and Social Innovation 319
Paul MULLER

40.1. Introduction 319

40.2. Research on social innovation in economics and management 320

40.3. Defining social innovation 320

40.4. The production of social innovations: "top-down" and "bottom-up" logics 321

40.5. The roles of social economy in the production of social innovations 322

40.6. Conclusion and issues 323

40.7. References 324

Chapter 41. Space - Innovation in Urban or Rural Spaces 327
Delphine GALLAUD

41.1. Introduction 327

41.2. A concentration of innovation in urban spaces? 328

41.3. An underestimation of the innovation of firms located in peripheral areas? 329

41.4. Conclusion 331

41.5. References 332

Chapter 42. Standardization - Standardization and Innovation Management 335
Laure MOREL

42.1. Introduction 335

42.2. Prerequisite for standards applied to innovation 336

42.2.1. What exactly is innovation? 337

42.2.2. Why do you want to manage the innovation process? 337

42.2.3. How can we manage innovation? 338

42.3. Standards applied to innovation: promoting agility 339

42.3.1. Why then have a standard on innovation management? 340

42.4. Conclusion 342

42.5. References 342

Chapter 43. Synchronization - Synchronization and Coordination of Innovation 343
Sana ELOUAER-MRIZAK

43.1. Introduction 343

43.2. Innovation networks and synchronization 344

43.3. Coordination and proximity 347

43.4. Coordination at the heart of innovative performance 348

43.5. References 349

Chapter 44. System - National Innovation System: The Primacy of Interactions Between Economic Actors 351
Vanessa CASADELLA

44.1. Introduction 351

44.2. The NIS and nature of multi-actor interactions 352

44.3. The NIS and economic development 354

44.4. Conclusion 355

44.5. References 355

Chapter 45. Tax - Taxation and Innovation: Incentives, Attractiveness and Innovation Policies 357
Olivier ESNEU

45.1. Introduction 357

45.2. Taxation and incentives 357

45.3. Taxation and attractiveness 359

45.4. Taxation and innovation policy 359

45.5. Conclusion 361

45.6. References 361

Chapter 46. Technology - Theoretical Model of Technology for Innovation 363
Angelo BONOMI

46.1. Introduction 363

46.2. Model of technology 363

46.3. Technological processes 364

46.3.1. Externality effect 364

46.3.2. Intranality effect 365

46.3.3. Ramification of technologies 365

46.3.4. Velocity of innovation 366

46.3.5. The Red Queen regime 366

46.3.6. Technology transfer and know-how 367

46.4. The process of technology innovation 367

46.5. Application of the theoretical model 369

46.6. References 369

Chapter 47. Timing - Timing of Innovation: The Central Position of the Innovative Enterprise 371
Babacar NDIAYE

47.1. Introduction 371

47.2. Foundations of the timing of innovation 372

47.3. Key elements of innovation dating 372

47.4. The enrichment of the chronological study 373

47.5. Conclusion 375

47.6. References 375

Chapter 48. Trajectory - Innovation Trajectories and Dynamic Capabilities 377
Blandine LAPERCHE

48.1. Introduction 377

48.2. Paradigms and technological trajectories: theoretical and empirical approaches 378

48.3. The company's trajectory or the evolution path 379

48.4. Trajectory formation: dynamic capabilities and knowledge capital 380

48.5. The collective dimension of trajectories and its consequences 380

48.6. Conclusion 381

48.7. References 382

Chapter 49. User - User Innovation: Interactions Between Users and Firms in Innovation Processes 383
Francesco SCHIAVONE

49.1. Introduction 383

49.2. Motivations for user innovation 384

49.3. The role of users in innovation processes 385

49.4. The symbiosis between user innovation and manufacturer innovation 385

49.5. Conclusion 387

49.6. References 387

Chapter 50. Value - The Value of Innovations: Specificity and Evaluation Methods of Innovation 389
Marc BAUDRY

50.1. Introduction 389

50.2. Where does the value of innovations come from? 390

50.3. Methods for assessing the private value of innovations 391

50.4. The social value of innovations 393

50.5. Conclusion 394

50.6. References 395

Chapter 51. Work - Innovative Behavior at Work 397
Audrey BECUWE

51.1. Introduction 397

51.2. Organizational innovation and work behavior 397

51.3. Theoretical perspectives on work behavior 400

51.4. Conclusion 401

51.5. References 402

Chapter 52. X-Innovation - The Polymorphism of Innovation 403
Blandine LAPERCHE

52.1. Introduction 403

52.2. Terms 404

52.3. References 410

List of Authors 411

Index 415

Summary of Volume 2 421
Dimitri Uzunidis is a Professor of Political Economy and the Honorary President of the Research Network on Innovation in France. He has directed and edited several journals and collections on the study of innovation. As a specialist in change, he provides expertise for various international organizations.

Fedoua Kasmi, Doctor of Economics, is currently a researcher at the University of Lorraine and a member of the Research Network on Innovation in France. Her research focuses on the analysis of the territorial innovation trajectories and the determinants of the emergence of innovative eco-milieus.

Laurent Adatto is a Doctor of Economics and Management of Technology and Innovation at CNAM and a researcher and editorial manager of the Research Network on Innovation in France. His research interests include organizations? open source and open innovation strategies, standardization processes and the future of the software and ICT sectors.