John Wiley & Sons Numerical Simulation, An Art of Prediction 1 Cover Numerical simulation is a technique of major importance in various technical and scientific fields. .. Product #: 978-1-78630-431-5 Regular price: $126.17 $126.17 In Stock

Numerical Simulation, An Art of Prediction 1

Theory

Sigrist, Jean-François

Cover

1. Edition January 2020
266 Pages, Hardcover
Wiley & Sons Ltd

ISBN: 978-1-78630-431-5
John Wiley & Sons

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Numerical simulation is a technique of major importance in various technical and scientific fields. Used to understand diverse physical phenomena or to design everyday objects, it plays a major role in innovation in the industrial sector. Whilst engineering curricula now include training courses dedicated to it, numerical simulation is still not well-known in some economic sectors, and even less so among the general public.Simulation involves the mathematical modeling of the real world, coupled with the computing power offered by modern technology. Designed to perform virtual experiments, digital simulation can be considered as an "art of prediction".Embellished with a rich iconography and based on the testimony of researchers and engineers, this book shines a light on this little-known art. It is the first of two volumes and focuses on the principles, methods and industrial practice of numerical modeling.

Foreword vii

Preface ix

Acknowledgements xiii

Chapter 1. The World in Equations 1

1.1. Numerical modeling 3

1.1.1. Modeling 3

1.1.2. Understanding, designing, forecasting, optimizing 4

1.2. Putting the world into equations: example of mechanics 5

1.2.1. Construction of classical mechanical models 5

1.2.2. Emergence of quantum mechanics 23

1.3. Solving an equation 34

1.3.1. Finding a mathematical formula 34

1.3.2. Calculating using a computer 38

Chapter 2. Simulation Practice 49

2.1. Validating a simulation 50

2.1.1. Demonstrating a theorem 50

2.1.2. Confronting points of view... 51

2.1.3. Relying on experience 54

2.1.4. Changing point of view 57

2.2. Maturity of a technique 61

2.3. Practice, practice, practice... 63

2.3.1. The engineer's palette 63

2.3.2. Complementary philosophies 68

2.3.3. Users with different needs 70

Chapter 3. A Global Technique 77

3.1. A very generalized technique 78

3.2. A strategic technique 80

3.3. Hercules of the calculation 85

3.3.1. High-performance computing 85

3.3.2. Stroke to computing power 88

Chapter 4. The Data World 101

4.1. Big data 102

4.2. Data and networks 104

4.3. Learning from data 115

4.4. Biological and digital brains 121

4.4.1. Biological neurons 123

4.4.2. Digital neural networks 129

4.5. Are humans overwhelmed by machines? 137

4.5.1. All-round machine victories 137

4.5.2. A war of intelligence? 139

4.5.3. Science fiction 140

4.5.4. Science without fiction 142

4.5.5. Complementarity of intelligence 145

4.5.6. Complexity and robustness 150

4.5.7. Imitation game 151

4.5.8. Priority to the law! 153

4.5.9. More human than human? 155

Conclusion 159

Glossary of Terms 171

References 201

Index 237
Jean-Francois Sigrist is a doctor of engineering sciences who has worked for almost 20 years in the industry, leading a team of research engineers in numerical simulation. He is now an independent expert.